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  1. What makes a product organic?
    • - Does not mean pesticide free or chemical free
    • - means pesticide are natural and from non-synthetic sources
    • -synthetic material must not come in contact for 3 years
    • -Land used must have never been exposed to synthetic material
  2. What are cosmetics?
    • An organic household product
    • Enhance appearance or odour of body
    • natural or synthetic
    • products are regulated
  3. Why are cosmetics regulated?
    Becuase health concerns regarding harmful chemicals
  4. What are pesticides?
    • attracts, seduces, or destroys pests
    • chemical or bioogical agent (virus, bacterium, disinfectant)
    • potentially toxic to humans
  5. What is pain medication?
    • Used to achieve analgesia - relief from pain
    • works at peripheral or central nervous system
  6. What is the central nervous system?
    • made up of brain and spinal cord
    • integrate information that is recieved from and coordinates activity of all body parts of Bilaterally symmetrical animals
  7. What is the peripheral nervous system?
    • made up of nerves and ganglia outside of brain and spinal cord
    • connects CNS with limbs and organs
  8. What does NSAID stand for?
    Non- steroidal anit- inflammatory drugs
  9. What does NSAID provide?
    provides analgesic effects in HIGHER doses with anti inflammatory effects
  10. How does NSAID act?
    Acts centrally in the brain rather than at nerve ending
  11. What is NSAID used to treat?
    used to treat acute or chronic conditions where pain and infammation are present
  12. Examples of NSAID
    Ibuprofen and Aspirin
  13. What is NSAID used for?
    • Rheumatoid arthritis
    • mild to moderate pain 
    • lower back pain
    • headache
    • Gout
  14. What is Gout?
    uric acid build up in blood, forms crystals that build up in the bodies joint. Related to weight, diet, eating foods high in purine
  15. What do Opioids influence?
    • Influence the cerebral opioids receptor system
    • Also affect brain areas controlling emotion
  16. Where do opioids bind?
    • bind to opioid receptors in the CNS PNS & GI Tract
    • brain, spinal cord, and digestive tract
  17. What do opioids encourage?
    • fast acting serotonin release
    • Serotonin: found in GI tract, platelets and CNS. Creates feeling of wellbeing and happiness
  18. Side effects of Opioids?
    nausra, vomiting, constipation, addiction
  19. Forms of Opioids
    • Tablets, capsules, syrups, solutions
    • Prescription only
  20. What do Opioids treat?
    • acute or chronic
    • cough or diarrhea
  21. Opioids risks?
    • risk of abuse
    • worlds oldest known drugs
    • addictive because it posseses euphoria like feeling
    • great value to terminally ill because addiction is not relevant
  22. What is acute?
    • a disease with a short  of action/ effects 
    • stubbed toe or a heart attack
  23. What is chronic?
    health condition with longer lasting effects that develop over time
  24. What are the risk of LOW RISK DEVICES?
    • If used improperly, could cause minor injuries
    • Ex. thermometer or breast pump
  25. What are the risk of MEDIUM RISK DEVICES?
    • If used improperly, could cause serious arm
    • Ex. Ultrasound or surgical drill
  26. What are the risk of HIGH RISK DEVICES?
    • If used improperly could kill a patient 
    • Ex. Anesthesia ventilator or incubator
  27. What is Medical Research?
    Research that has increased the body of knowledge in the field of medicine
  28. What can Medical Research be used for?
    • to test and find new surgical techniques
    • to find and test possible new cures for diseases
  29. What does MRSA stand for?
    Methicillin - Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus
  30. What is MRSA?
    • an infectuous bacteria
    • many carry it but do not notice
  31. How is MRSA harmful?
    • 25-30% of us havie it in our noses
    • will enter wounds, opening or sores on bodies
    • more difficult to treat than most strans b/c it becomes resistant.
    • common n nursing homes
  32. Symptoms of MRSA ?
    • starts as small red bumps
    • turn into a deep painful abscesses that require surgical draining
    • reach deeper portion of body causing life threatening infections to bones, joints, surgical wounds, blood, heart valves or lungs
    • spread through skin to skin contact
Card Set
Medical Science
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