Chapter 9

  1. What is a coagulant?
    Substance that promotes clotting
  2. What is an anticoagulant?
    Substance that prevents clotting
  3. What are hemostatics?
    Substances that cause bleeding to stop
  4. What are coagulation factors?
    • Naturally occuring plasma substances that promote clotting
    • Fibrinogen, prothrombin, thromboplastin, and calcium ions
  5. What is systemic?
    System wide, all over the body?
  6. What is a thrombosis?
    Blood clot, inside a blood vessel, blocking blood flow
  7. What is an embolism?
    A blood clot, inside a blood vessel, that has broken free, and is freely traveling about the body
  8. What is a pulmonary embolism?
    A clot that is blocking blood to the lungs
  9. What is Deep Vein Thrombosis?
    • Effects deep veins in the lower legs and thigh
    • Causes swelling and pain
  10. What are the 2 types of coagulants?
    • Hemostatics
    • Systemic coagulants
  11. What are the 3 types of absorbable gelatin?
    • Gelfilm
    • Gelfoam powder
    • Gelfoam sponge
  12. What are the 2 Microfibrillar collagen Hemostats?
    • Avitene
    • Instat MCH
  13. What are the 3 types of Oxidized cellulose?
    • Oxycel
    • Surgicel
    • Surgicel NuKnit
  14. What are the 5 types of absorbale collagen sponges?
    • Collastat
    • Helistat
    • Hemopad
    • Instat
    • Superstat
  15. What is the 1 type of thrombin?
  16. What is bone wax?
    Beeswax that stops bones from bleeding
  17. What are 3 chemical hemostatics?
    • tannic acid
    • silver nitrate
    • Monsel's solution
  18. What is parenteral?
    Route of administration that involves piercing the skin or mucous membrane
Card Set
Chapter 9
Chapter 9