What is a coagulant?
Substance that promotes clotting
What is an anticoagulant?
Substance that prevents clotting
What are hemostatics?
Substances that cause bleeding to stop
What are coagulation factors?
- Naturally occuring plasma substances that promote clotting
- Fibrinogen, prothrombin, thromboplastin, and calcium ions
What is systemic?
System wide, all over the body?
What is a thrombosis?
Blood clot, inside a blood vessel, blocking blood flow
What is an embolism?
A blood clot, inside a blood vessel, that has broken free, and is freely traveling about the body
What is a pulmonary embolism?
A clot that is blocking blood to the lungs
What is Deep Vein Thrombosis?
- Effects deep veins in the lower legs and thigh
- Causes swelling and pain
What are the 2 types of coagulants?
- Systemic coagulants
What are the 3 types of absorbable gelatin?
- Gelfoam powder
- Gelfoam sponge
What are the 2 Microfibrillar collagen Hemostats?
What are the 3 types of Oxidized cellulose?
- Surgicel NuKnit
What are the 5 types of absorbale collagen sponges?
What is the 1 type of thrombin?
What is bone wax?
Beeswax that stops bones from bleeding
What are 3 chemical hemostatics?
- tannic acid
- silver nitrate
- Monsel's solution
What is parenteral?
Route of administration that involves piercing the skin or mucous membrane