that's english modulo 5 unit 9-4

  1. Does the waiter serve you on your left or on your right?
    on your right
  2. When eating your first course do you use the knife and fork on the outside or the inside?
    on the outside
  3. Do you speak first to the person to your right or to your left?
    to your right
  4. Should you say thank you when the waiter serves you?
  5. Should you write a thank you letter after the meal?
  6. medioambiente
    • environment
    • /ɪnˈvaɪərənmənt/
  7. cuidadoso con el medioambiente
    kind to the environment
  8. cittaslow ( adjetivo que las describen)
    • slow
    • green
    • organic products
    • kind to the environment
    • clean quiet
  9. heredar
    dejar en herencia
    • hand down
    • He follows rules that have been handed down from generation to generation always knows how to behave perfectly

    .Before I die, I will hand down to you, my son, my entire estate. Antes de morir, hijo mío, te dejare todas mis propiedades.
  10. comporatarse

    we know how to behave perfectly
  11. mayordomo
    butler [ˈbʌtlər]

    • Although most people don’t have to obey the same rules as a butler, good manners
    • are still very important.
  12. por ser
    The British are famous for being very polite.
  13. por venir
    They even send notes to thank people for coming to their parties.
  14. reglas de conducta
    rules of behaviour  /bɪˈheɪvjəʳ/

    • It is particularly important to follow rules of behaviour at formal social events, such as
    • at a society lunch.
  15. un experto en étiqueta
    an expert on etiquette.
  16. rules of behavior
    You shouldn’t arrive too early. You shouldn’t usually arrive more than about fifteen minutes late 

    The general rule is you start talking to the person on your right for the first course and then you talk to the person on your left for the second course 

    And don’t forget 'please' and 'thank you' while eating.

    • You just say please for whatever you want: ‘please may I have the salt or pepper,
    • please could you pass the milk, or the sugar, for coffee', and then you say 'thank you' afterwards

    There are certain topics which you’re supposed not to mention at polite events and those are politics and religion and illness 

    If you’ve been to an event and it’s a very formal event and you have received a proper written invitation, then it is correct to write a letter of thank you afterwards. 

    Of course, these rules are mainly for formal lunches and dinners. But as in any country, it is always a good idea to try to respect the people around you. 
  17. cortesìa
    courtesy [ˈk3ːtɪsɪ]

    It’s just a matter of basic human courtesy, basic good manners.
  18. depués
  19. principalmente
    mainly [ˈmeɪnlɪ]
  20. etiqueta

    national dress
  21. falda
    skirt [sk3ːt]
  22. dirigirse a

    We don’t address our elders by their names
  23. sobon,
    touchy-feely (informal) [ˈtʌtʃɪfiːlɪ]

    • we're very touchy feely, we love hugging people, and whilst you're in a conversation with
    • somebody getting very up close and personal.
  24. proximo de contacto
    hugging [ˈhʌgɪŋ]

    we love hugging people
  25. mientras
    whilst [waɪlst] CONJ (esp Brit) = whileB
  26. mejorar

    The idea is to improve the environment for everybody in our towns.
  27. te gustaría probarlo
    Would you like to have a taste ?
  28. quedar
    have got………... left

    have……left   americano

    • We’ve only got one day left of our trip, Sam. 
    • solo nos queda un  día de nuestro viaje
  29. no lo soporto
    i can't stand it!!
  30. irritante molesto
    annoying [əˈnɔɪɪŋ] 

    • ADJ[habit, noise] molesto, irritante;
    • [person] irritante, pesado
  31. que fastidio
    how annoying! ¡qué fastidio!
  32. annoying
    • it's annoying to have to wait 
    • es un fastidio tener que esperar

    • he's such an annoying person! ¡
    • qué hombre más irritante or pesado!

    • I find her very annoying 
    • me resulta muy pesada

    • I find it very annoying
    •  me molesta mucho
  33. cubierto
    cutlery [ˈkʌtlərɪ] N

     (Brit) cubiertos mpl, cubertería
  34. grueso ( polite)
    • overweight
    • large
  35. anciano (polite)
    • senior 
    • ancient  /ˈeɪnʃənt/
  36. discapacitado (polite)
    disabled  /dɪsˈeɪbld/

    differently abled
  37. delgado
    • skinny ( no potite)
    • thin
    •  slim
  38. negro
    • black
    • negro ( no polite)
    • non-white
  39. homosexual
    • gay
    • homo
    •  queer ( no polite) marica  /kwɪəʳ/
  40. dirigir enfocar
    aim [eɪm]

    This movement aimed to combat discrimination by making people realise that the words we use to talk about other people can have a positive or negative effect.
  41. resaltar
    highlight [ˈhaɪlaɪt]
  42. rechazar
    reject [rɪˈdʒekt]

    People rejected the term negro because of its historical links to slavery and racist connotations.
  43. palabras no polite (reading)
    • But nowadays if you call a friend an
    • idiot, they might never speak to you again!The same is also true of handicapped and retarded. Every time you read old medical books you’ll see these terms, but now the accepted term is disabled: or if you really
    • want to be politically correct differently abled which focuses is more positively on the idea of different abilities rather than a lack of abilities.
  44. falta de
    lack of
  45. expresiones
    • Para dar la bienvenida se usan estas expresiones:
    • Welcome home, Make yourself at home,...

    Para decir adiós se usa Goodbye, Take care,...

    • Para reaccionar a observaciones se usa
    • Oh my God!,
    • Are you kidding me?...
  46. every time
    any time
    Se usa para expresar algo que ocurre siempre en una situación concreta.

    • Every time you read old books, you will see
    • outdated terms.

    Any time you watch an old film, you will notice how language is used differently.

    • Every time
    • Any time       + subject + verb, subject + verb

    • Every time he uses swear words, he shows his
    • rudeness.
    • Any time I go to a party, I bring a cake or some wine.
  47. dar las gracias formal
    • Thank you so much.
    • Thank you very much indeed.
    • Thank you (so much) for...
    • I (really) must thank you for...

    • (Tengo que darle las gracias por... / Tengo que agradecerle
    • que...)
  48. contestar a las gracias
    • Not at all.(No hay por qué.)
    • You’re welcome.
    • Any time. (De nada.)
    • It’s a pleasure. (Es un placer.)
    • That’s all right / OK. (Está bien.)
    • Don’t worry about it. (No te preocupes.)
  49. despedidas
    • Goodbye / Bye
    • See you soon! See you later! Cheerio!

    (Hasta pronto. / Hasta luego.)

    • Take care. (Cuídate.)
    • Keep in touch. (Hablamos pronto.)
  50. expresiones de bienvenida
    Welcome home / Welcome to my...

    (Bienvenido/a a casa / a mi... .)

    Make yourself at home!

    (Como si estuvieras en tu casa.)
  51. exclamaciones
    • Estas son algunas de las exclamaciones más usuales
    • enOh my God!

    • (Puede expresar entusiasmo, emoción, ilusión, asombro, susto, asco o
    • desprecio. Algunas personas consideran la expresión ofensiva.)

    • Leave me alone! (Déjame en paz.)
    • Come on! Hurry up! Let's go! (¡Vamos!)
    • Are you kidding me? (US)
    • You must be joking! (UK) (¡Estás de broma!)
    • Shut up! Be quiet! (¡Cállate!)
  52. An old english saying
    Sticks and stones may break my bones, but words will never hurt me
  53. poderoso
    • powerful [ˈpaʊəfʊl
    • Words are very powerful things

    las palabras son muy poderosas
  54. hacernos sentir
    make us feel

    They can make us feel happy and loved, or sad, angry and stupid, and they can also make us feel included or excluded from a group.
  55. introductores
    • It also highlighted the fact that
    • it highlighted the fact that

    destaca que……...

    It also highlighted the fact that the language we hear around us is influential in forming our opinions but can reinforce our prejudices too.
  56. negro
    • the word Negro was totally acceptable until the 1950s, while to call someone Black was considered racist.
    • However, as the American Civil Rights Movement became more powerful, people rejected the term Negro because of its historical links to slavery and racist connotations.
    • And nowadays Black is no longer an offensive term.
Card Set
that's english modulo 5 unit 9-4