Am. His.- Chapter 1

  1. 1/3 of the population of Europe died from what?
    The Bubonic Plague
  2. How many organized Crusades were there?
  3. Which Italian merchant wrote a book that influenced Columbus to travel to China?
    Marco Polo
  4. First to expand across the seas
  5. Found the tip of Africa using the stepping stone technique
    Bartholomew Dias
  6. Founded India
    Vasco de Gama
  7. King of Portugal; Founded first maritime school is Lisbon
    Prince Henry the Navigator
  8. Using stars to navigate is called what?
    celestial navigation
  9. Portugal's rival
  10. What were Columbus's boats named?
    Nina, Pinta, Santa Maria
  11. In what year was Columbus's first voyage?
  12. Who discovered the Pacific Ocean?
  13. First to cirumnavigate the globe?
  14. Magellan's boat, The Victoria, took how many years to circumnavigate the globe?
  15. Who discovered Mexico and conquered the Aztecs?
  16. Define Tenochtitlan.
    Where Mexico City is today
  17. Aztec ruler
  18. Main God of the Aztecs
  19. Who conquered Peru
  20. The gold that the spanish got from Mexico and Peru was used to build their navy. What was the name of their navy?
    The Spanish Armada
  21. Who explored Southwestern US with Coronado?
    Cabeza de Vaca
  22. Who made the decision to make the Treaty of Tordesillas?
    The Pope
  23. In the Treaty of Tordesillas, who got all of the territory to the west?
  24. In the Treaty of Tordesillas, who got all of the territory to the east?
  25. Who were the Sea Dogs?
    Legalized pirates
  26. Who led the Sea Dogs?
    Sir Francis Drake
  27. Who was the second person to circumnavigate the globe?
    Sir Francis Drake
  28. When was the defeat of the Spanish Armada?
  29. The gates to America opened because of the loss of who?
    The Spanish Armada
  30. Philip II was the king of?
  31. Elizabeth I was the queen of?
  32. Who looked for the NW passage, a shortcut through North America to China?
    Giovanni Verranzano
  33. Who set up a trading post in Montreal?
    Jacques Cartier
  34. Who created the first permanent settlement in North America? Where?
    • Samuel Champlain
    • Canada (New France)
  35. Who was the first governor of Canada?
    Samuel Champlain
  36. Who were the first people to go down the Mississippi River?
    • Marquette and Joliet
    • (They only made it to Arkansas)
  37. Who was the first to go down the Mississipi River all the way?
  38. Who is noted for discovering LA and who is it named after?
    LaSalle; King Louis and his wife Ana
  39. What is a conquistador?
    Conquerer in Spanish
  40. Who discovered New Foundland?
    Giovanni Caboto
  41. Who started a colony in 1607?
    Sir Humphrey Gilbert and Sir Walter Raleigh
  42. First European born in America
    Virginia Dare
  43. Who married John Rolfe, a tobacco planter?
Card Set
Am. His.- Chapter 1
American History- Chapter One