Vocab 1

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  1. accolade

    1.an award or privilege granted as a special honour or as an acknowledgement of merit.

    "the hotel has won numerous accolades"

    synonyms: honour, recognition, privilege, award, gift,  title;

    2.a touch on a person's shoulders with a sword at the bestowing of a knighthood.
  2. apogee
    • noun
    • 1.the highest point in the development of something; a climax or culmination.

    "a film which was the apogee of German expressionist cinema"

    2. (in astronomy) the point in the orbit of the moon or a satellite at which it is furthest from the earth.
  3. anachronism
    • noun
    • a thing belonging or appropriate to a period other than that in which it exists, especially a thing that is conspicuously old-fashioned.
    • "the town is a throwback to medieval times, an anachronism that has survived the passing years"
    • the action of attributing something to a period to which it does not belong.
    • "it is anachronism to suppose that the official morality of the age was mere window dressing"
  4. apoplectic
    • adjective
    • 1.(informal) overcome with anger; furious.
    • "Mark was apoplectic with rage at the decision"
    • synonyms:furious, enraged, overcome with anger, infuriated, in a temper,incensed, raging

    2. (dated) relating to or denoting apoplexy (stroke)."an apoplectic attack"
  5. arcane

    understood by few; mysterious or secret.

    "arcane procedures for electing people"

    synonyms:mysterious, secret, hidden, concealed, covert, clandestine, enigmatic,dark; More
  6. assuage

    make (an unpleasant feeling) less intense.

    "the letter assuaged the fears of most members"

    synonyms:relieve, ease, alleviate, soothe, mitigate, dampen, allay, calm, palliate,abate, lull, temper, suppress, smother, stifle, subdue,  tranquilize, mollify, 

    satisfy (an appetite or desire).

    "an opportunity occurred to assuage her desire for knowledge"

    synonyms:satisfy, fulfil, gratify, appease, indulge, relieve, slake, sate, satiate,quench, quell, overcome,

    "her physical hunger could be quickly assuaged"
  7. astigmatism

    a defect in the eye or in a lens caused by a deviation from spherical curvature, which results in distorted images, as light rays are prevented from meeting at a common focus.

    (informal) blindness, shortsightedness (including metaphorical)
  8. beguile
    • verb
    • 1.charm or enchant (someone), often in a deceptive way.

    "he beguiled the voters with his good looks"

    synonyms:charm, attract, enchant, entrance, win over, woo, captivate,  bewitch,spellbind, dazzle,  blind, hypnotize, mesmerize,  seduce, tempt

    2.(literary) help (time) pass pleasantly.

    "to beguile some of the time they went to the cinema"

    synonyms:entertain,  amuse, delight, please, occupy, absorb, engage, distract, divert,  interest, fascinate, enthral,  engross, preoccupy,
  9. bestiary
    a descriptive or anecdotal treatise on various kinds of animal, especially a medieval work with a moralizing tone.
  10. boon
    a thing that is helpful or beneficial.

    "the route will be a boon to many travelers"

    synonyms:blessing, godsend, bonus, good thing, benefit

    2.( archaic) a favour or request.
  11. brazen
    • adjective
    • 1.bold and without shame.

    "he went about his illegal business with a brazen assurance"

    synonyms:bold, shameless, as bold as brass,  forward,presumptuous, brash, immodest,  unashamed, unabashed

    2.( literary archaic) made of brass.

    "brazen fire irons"
  12. cacophony
    a harsh discordant mixture of sounds.

    "a cacophony of deafening alarm bells"
  13. cajole
    persuade (someone) to do something by sustained coaxing or flattery.

    "he hoped to cajole her into selling him her house"
  14. capitulate
    cease to resist an opponent or an unwelcome demand; yield.

    "the patriots had to capitulate to the enemy forces"

    • synonyms:surrender, give in, yield
  15. champing
    1. (of a horse) make a noisy biting or chewing action.

    2.fret impatiently.

    "he was already on the plane, champing to get off to Lagos"
  16. contrivance
    1.the use of skill to create or bring about something, especially with a consequent effect of artificiality.

    "the requirements of the system, by happy chance and some contrivance, can be summed up in an acronym"

    synonyms:scheme, stratagem, tactic,  maneuver, move, course/line of action,plan, ploy, gambit, device, wile;

    2.a device, especially in literary or artistic composition, which gives a sense of artificiality.

    "the often tiresome contrivances of historical fiction"
  17. convalescence
    time spent recovering from an illness or medical treatment; recuperation.

    "a period of convalescence"

    synonyms: recuperation, recovery, return to health, ,rehabilitation
  18. declaim
    utter or deliver words in a rhetorical or impassioned way, as if to an audience.

    "she declaimed her views"

    synonyms:make a speech, give an address
  19. derisive
    • adjective
    • expressing contempt or ridicule.

    "he gave a harsh, derisive laugh"

    noun: something that causes someone to express contempt - eg "the plot of the film was derisive"
  20. diaspora
    the dispersion of the Jews beyond Israel.

    Jews living outside Israel.

    The dispersion or spread of any people from their original homeland.

    "the diaspora of boat people from Asia"
  21. doughty
    brave and persistent.

    "his doughty spirit kept him going"
  22. dour
    relentlessly severe, stern, or gloomy in manner or appearance.

    "a hard, dour, humourless fanatic"
  23. ebullience
    the quality of being cheerful and full of energy; exuberance.

    "the ebullience of happy children"
  24. edify
    instruct or improve (someone) morally or intellectually.

    "Rachel had edified their childhood with frequent readings from Belloc"
  25. effable 
    able to be described in words.

    "socialism is effable, which is what I like about it"
  26. enmity
    a state or feeling of active opposition or hostility.

    "decades of enmity between the two countries"
  27. epistasis
    1. An interaction between non allelic genes in which the genotype at one locus affects the expression of alleles at another locus.

    2. A film that forms over the surface of a urine specimen.

    3. The suppression of a bodily discharge or  secretion.
  28. erudite
    having or showing great knowledge or learning.

    "Ken could turn any conversation into an erudite discussion"
  29. garrulous
    excessively talkative, especially on trivial matters.

    "a garrulous cab driver"
  30. gauntlet
    1.a medieval glove, as of mail or plate, worn by a knight in armor to protect the hand.

    2.a glove with an extended cuff for the wrist.

    3.the cuff itself.


    4.take up the gauntlet, to accept a challenge to fight:

    He was always willing to take up the  gauntlet for a good cause.

    to show one's defiance.

    Also, take up the glove.
  31. harangue

    1.a lengthy and aggressive speech.

    "they were subjected to a ten-minute harangue by two border guards"

    synonyms:tirade, lecture, diatribe, homily, polemic, rant, fulmination, broadside,verbal attack,

    • verb
    • 1.lecture (someone) at length in an aggressive and critical manner.

    "he harangued the public on their ignorance"
  32. implacable

    unable to be appeased or placated.

    "he was an implacable enemy of Ted's"

    synonyms: unappeasable, unpacifiable, unplacatable, unmollifiable, unforgiving, unsparing, grudge-holding

    unable to be stopped; relentless.

    "the implacable advance of the enemy"
  33. imprimatur
    an official licence issued by the Roman Catholic Church to print an ecclesiastical or religious book.

    "the imprimatur for this edition was granted by Cardinal O'Casey"

    a person's authoritative approval.

    "the original LP enjoyed the imprimatur of the composer"
  34. laconic
    (of a person, speech, or style of writing) using very few words: his laconic reply suggested a lack of interest in the topic.

    ORIGIN mid 16th cent. (in the sense ‘Laconian’): via Latin from Greek Lakōnikos, from Lakōn ‘Laconia, Sparta’, the Spartans being known for their terse speech.
  35. malfeasance
    wrongdoing, especially (US) by a public official.

    ORIGIN late 17th cent.: from Anglo-Norman French malfaisance, from mal- ‘evil’ + Old French faisance ‘activity’.
  36. mendacity
    untruthfulness: people publicly castigated for past mendacity.

    ORIGIN mid 17th cent.: from ecclesiastical Latin mendacitas, from mendax, mendac- ‘lying’
  37. mire
    1 a stretch of swampy or boggy ground: acres of land had been reduced to a mire.

    • • [ mass noun ] soft mud or dirt. the roads retained their winter mire.
    • • Ecology a wetland area or ecosystem based on peat.

    2 a complicated or unpleasant situation from which it is difficult to extricate oneself: the service is sinking in the mire of its own regulations.

    • verb [ with obj. ]
    • cause to become stuck in mud: sometimes a heavy truck gets mired down.
    • • cover or spatter with mud. the horse waded through the red mud that mired it to its hocks.
    • • (mire someone/thing in) involve someone or something in (a difficult situation): the economy is mired in its longest recession since the war.
  38. obfuscate
    • make obscure, unclear, or unintelligible: the spelling changes will deform some familiar words and obfuscate their etymological origins.
    • • bewilder (someone): the new rule is more likely to obfuscate people than enlighten them.
  39. obloquy
    1.  the discredit or disgrace resulting from public blame or revilement.

    2.  censure, blame, or abusive language aimed at a person, etc., especially by numbers of persons or by the public generally.
  40. octogenarian
    a person who is between 80 and 89 years old.
  41. otiose
    • adjective 
    • 1.  at leisure; idle; indolent.
    • 2.  ineffective or futile.
    • 3.  superfluous or useless.
  42. palliative
    • (of a medicine or medical care) relieving pain without dealing with the cause of the condition. orthodox medicines tend to be palliative rather than curative.
    • • (of an action) intended to alleviate a problem without addressing the underlying cause: short-term palliative measures had been taken.
  43. paltering
    • verb
    • 1.  to talk or act insincerely; equivocate; deal crookedly.
    • 2.  to haggle.
    • 3.  to trifle: inwardly he had a profound suspicion that the tall man was paltering with the truth –NORMAN LINDSAY, 1913.
  44. eschew
    To abstain from; shun; avoid: *The single mother is probably treated more kindly than most other categories of people who eschew marriage –ANNE SUMMERS, 1975.
  45. parsimonious
    very unwilling to spend money or use resources.

    characterised by or showing parsimony; sparing or frugal, especially to excess.
  46. pedagogue
    • 1.  a teacher of children; a schoolteacher.
    • 2.  a person who is pedantic, dogmatic, and formal.
  47. Pellucid
    • 1.  allowing the passage of light; translucent.
    • 2.  clear or limpid, as water.
    • 3.  clear in meaning.
  48. Penumbra
    1. the partially shaded outer region of the shadow cast by an opaque object.

    2.a peripheral or indeterminate area or group.
  49. perquisite
    1.  an incidental emolument, fee, or profit over and above fixed income, salary, or wages.

    2.  Also, perk. -  anything customarily supposed to be allowed or left to an employee or servant as an incidental advantage of the position held.
  50. Portentous
    • 1.  of the nature of a portent; momentous.
    • 2.  ominous; ominously indicative.
    • 3.  (of a person's manner or speech) suggesting that a matter of great gravity or moment is about to be imparted or discussed.
    • 4.  marvellous; amazing; prodigious.
  51. precipitate
    • 1.  to hasten the occurrence of; bring about in haste or suddenly: to precipitate a quarrel.
    • 2. Chemistry to separate (a substance) in solid form from a solution, as by means of a reagent.
    • 3. Physics, Meteorology to condense (moisture) from a state of vapour in the form of rain, dew, etc.
    • 4.  to cast down headlong; fling or hurl down.
    • 5.  to cast, plunge, or send, violently or abruptly: to precipitate oneself into a struggle.
    • 6.  proceeding rapidly or with great haste: a precipitate retreat.
    • 7.  exceedingly sudden or abrupt: a precipitate exit.
    • 8.  acting, or done or made, in sudden haste, or without due deliberation; overhasty; rash: a precipitate decision.
  52. prevaricate
    to act or speak evasively; equivocate; quibble.
  53. probity
    integrity; uprightness; honesty.
  54. bathos
    (1) An insincere and/or excessively sentimental demonstration of pathos. Adjective: bathetic.

    (2) An abrupt and often ludicrous transition in style from the elevated to the ordinary.
  55. prorogue
    1.  to discontinue meetings of (parliament or similar legislative body) until the next session.

    2. Rare to defer; postpone.
  56. doggerel
    1.Crudely or irregularly fashioned verse, often of a humorous or burlesque nature.

    2. rude; crude; poor.
  57. providence
    • 1.  the foreseeing care and guardianship of God over His creatures.
    • 2. (upper case) God.
    • 3.  a manifestation of the divine care or direction.
    • 4.  provident or prudent management of resources; economy.
    • 5. Rare foresight; provident care.–phrase 
    • 6. tempt providence, to embark on a course which involves danger.
  58. prurient
    1.  inclined to or characterised by lascivious thought.

    2.  morbidly uneasy, as desire or longing.

    3.  itching.

    4. Botany causing itching.
  59. lascivious
    1.  inclined to lust; wanton or lewd.

    2.  inciting to lust or wantonness.
  60. puerile
    • 1.  of or relating to a child or boy.
    • 2.  childishly foolish, irrational, or trivial: *And he would go on to tell me about `passionate Spanish women' and `experienced French women' in a way that I knew perfectly was puerile –
  61. recalcitrant
    • adjective:
    • 1.  resisting authority or control; not obedient or compliant; refractory.

    2. Ecology designating a pollutant which is not easily biodegradable.

    • noun:
    • 3.  a recalcitrant person.
  62. risible
    • 1.  having the faculty or power of laughing; inclined to laughter.
    • 2.  relating to or connected with laughing.
    • 3.  capable of exciting laughter; laughable or ludicrous.
  63. sardonic
    bitterly ironical; sarcastic; sneering: a sardonic grin.
  64. sedentary
    1. characterised by or requiring a sitting posture: a sedentary occupation.

    2.  accustomed to sit much or take little exercise.
  65. solipsism
    the theory that the self is the only object of verifiable knowledge, or that nothing but the self exists.
  66. stigmatise
    1.  to mark with a stigma or brand.

    2.  to set some mark of disgrace or infamy upon: *Lane at a meeting on board the steamer said he would stigmatise as blacklegs everyone who should discuss matters connected with the Association and as unworthy to be members of it –
  67. succour
    • noun:
    • 1.  help; relief; aid; assistance.
    • 2.  someone or something that gives help, relief, aid, etc.

    • verb:
    • 3.  to help or relieve in difficulty, need, or distress; aid; assist.
  68. sycophant
    a self-seeking flatterer; a fawning, servile parasite.
  69. syllogism
    1. Logic an argument with two premises and a conclusion.

    2.  deductive reasoning.
  70. tenacious
    • 1.  holding fast; characterised by keeping a firm hold.
    • 2.  highly retentive: a tenacious memory.
    • 3.  pertinacious, persistent, stubborn, or obstinate.
    • 4.  adhesive or sticky; viscous or glutinous.
    • 5.  holding together; cohesive; not easily pulled apart; tough.
  71. tendentious
    having or showing a definite tendency, bias, or purpose; described or written so as to influence in a desired direction or present a particular point of view: *But this stance was assumed naturally, not in the tendentious spirit of some of the proletarian writing of a later day.
  72. treatise
    1.  a book or writing dealing with some particular subject.

    2.  one containing a formal or methodical exposition of the principles of the subject.
  73. truculent
    • 1.  fierce; cruel; brutal; savage.
    • 2.  scathing; harsh; vitriolic.
    • 3.  aggressive; belligerent.
  74. verbiage
    abundance of useless words, as in writing or speech; wordiness:
  75. vindicate
    • 1.  to clear, as from a charge, imputation, suspicion, or the like.
    • 2.  to afford justification for: subsequent events vindicated his policy.
    • 3.  to uphold or justify by argument or evidence.
    • 4.  to assert, maintain, or defend (a right, cause, etc.) against opposition.
  76. vitiate
    • 1.  to impair the quality of; make faulty; mar.
    • 2.  to contaminate; corrupt; spoil.
    • 3.  to make legally defective or invalid; invalidate.
  77. vociferous
    • 1.  crying out noisily; clamorous.
    • 2.  of the nature of vociferation; uttered with clamour.
  78. volte-face
    • 1.  a turning so as to face in the opposite direction.
    • 2.  a reversal of opinion or policy:
  79. tawdry
    gaudy; showy and cheap.
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Vocab 1
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