German Subjunctive I

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  1. What is the primary function of the present subjunctive I form in German?
    indirect discourse in formal, written writing
  2. How is the present subjunctive I formed?
    by attaching the subjunctive endings (-e, -est,  -e; -en, -et, -en) to the unchanged stem of the infivitive

    sein does not add -e (ich sei; er/sie sei)
  3. How is the past subjunctive I formed for all tenses?
    with the auxiliary verbs haben or sein in the subjunctive I + the past participle.
  4. How is the future subjunctive I formed?
    with the subjunctive I forms of werden + the infinitive
  5. How does the tense of the subjunctive verb of the indirect discourse relate to its corresponding verb tense in the direct discourse?
    • 1. Regardless of the verb tense in the opening frame, the verb tenses of the direct and indirect discourses correspond directly. 
    • 2. direct discourse of any past tense (simple, past or present perfect) becomes past subjunctive
    • 3. present direct becomes present subjunctive
    • 4. future direct becomes future subjunctive
  6. What are the rules for choosing which subjunctive ( I or II ) to use?
    • 1. Use subjunctive I when it differs from the indicative, otherwise use subjunctive II
    • 2. the second person singular and plural subjunctive I forms, although often distinct from the indicative, sound stilted and are not used.
Card Set
German Subjunctive I
Rules, usage, and conjugations for German verbs in the Subjunctive I
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