Patient Care

  1. he annual dose limit for medical imaging personnel includes radiation from

    1. occupational exposure

    2. background radiation

    3. medical x-rays





    A
     
    1 only 


    B
     
    1 and 2 only 


    C
     
    2 and 3 only 


    D
     
    1, 2, and 3
    •  
    • A
    •  
    • 1 only
  2. According to the NCRP, the annual occupational whole-body dose-equivalent limit is



    A
     
    1 mSv 


    B
     
    50 mSv 


    C
     
    150 mSv 


    D
     
    500 mSv
    • Image Upload 1
    •  
    • B
    •  
    • 50 mSv
  3. The term effective dose refers to



    A
     
    whole-body dose 


    B
     
    localized organ dose 


    C
     
    genetic effects 


    D
     
    somatic and genetic effects
    • A
    •  
    • whole-body dose
  4. The roentgen, as a unit of measurement, expresses



    A
     
    absorbed dose 


    B
     
    exposure in air 


    C
     
    dose equivalent 


    D
     
    dose to biologic material
    • B
    •  
    • exposure in air
  5. A radiographer who tells the patient that he or she will have to repeat this uncomfortable examination if the patient does not try harder to cooperate can be accused of



    A
     
    assault. 


    B
     
    battery. 


    C
     
    false imprisonment. 


    D
     
    defamation.
    • Image Upload 2
    •  
    • A
    •  
    • assault.
  6. ____ is the threat of touching or laying hands on someone. 
    Assault
  7. If a patient feels threatened by a practitioner, either because of the tone or pitch of the practitioner's voice or because the practitioner uses words that are threatening, the practitioner can be accused of____
    assault.
  8. A radiographer who performs the wrong examination on a patient may be charged with ____.
    battery
  9. ______ refers to the unlawful laying of hands on a patient. 
    Battery
  10. he radiographer also could be charged with ____ if a patient were moved about roughly or touched in a manner that is inappropriate or without the patient's consent. 
    Battery
  11. ______ may be considered if a patient is ignored after stating that he or she no longer wishes to continue with the procedure or if restraining devices are used improperly or used without a physician's order.
    False imprisonment
  12. The accusation of ______ can be upheld when patient confidentiality is not respected, and as a result, the patient suffers embarrassment or mockery. 
    defamation
  13. Which of the following legal phrases defines a circumstance in which both the health care provider's and the patient's actions contributed to an injurious outcome?



    A
     
    Intentional misconduct 


    B
     
    Contributory negligence 


    C
     
    Gross negligence 


    D
     
    Corporate negligence
    • Image Upload 3
    •  
    • B
    •  
    • Contributory negligence
  14. An example would be a patient who fails to follow the physician's orders or fails to show up for follow-up care and then sues when the condition causes permanent damage. is termed _______
    contributory negligence.
  15. You are working in the outpatient department and receive a patient who is complaining of pain in the right hip joint; however, the requisition asks for a left femur examination. What should you do?



    A
     
    Perform a right hip examination. 


    B
     
    Perform a left femur examination. 


    C
     
    Perform both a right hip and a left femur examination. 


    D
     
    Check with the referring physician.
    • D
    •  
    • Check with the referring physician.
  16. Which of the following exposures would most likely deliver the greatest dose to the thyroid?



    A
     
    AP skull 


    B
     
    PA skull 


    C
     
    PA esophagus 


    D
     
    PA chest
  17. Image Upload 4
    •  
    • A
    •  
    • AP skull
  18. Which type of personnel radiation monitor can provide an immediate reading?



    A
     
    Thermoluminescent dosimeter (TLD) 


    B
     
    Optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) 


    C
     
    Film badge 


    D
     
    Ionization chamber
    • D
    •  
    • Ionization chamber
  19. Patients' rights include which of the following?















    1. The right to refuse treatment
    2. The right to confidentiality
    3. The right to possess his or her radiographs





    A
     
    1 only 


    B
     
    1 and 2 only 


    C
     
    1 and 3 only 


    D
     
    1, 2, and 3
    • B
    •  
    • 1 and 2 only
  20. Which of the following personnel monitoring devices used in diagnostic radiography is considered to be the most sensitive and accurate?



    A
     
    TLD 


    B
     
    Film badge 


    C
     
    OSL dosimeter 


    D
     
    Pocket dosimeter
    • Image Upload 5
    •  
    • C
    •  
    • OSL dosimeter
  21. The control dosimeter that comes from the monitoring company should be



    A
     
    stored in a radiation-free area 


    B
     
    kept in a designated control booth 


    C
     
    kept in the film-processing area 


    D
     
    used as an extra badge for new personnel
    • A
    •  
    • stored in a radiation-free area
  22. Which of the following must be included in the patient's medical record or chart?















    1. Diagnostic and therapeutic orders
    2. Medical history
    3. Informed consent





    A
     
    1 and 2 only 


    B
     
    1 and 3 only 


    C
     
    2 and 3 only 


    D
     
    1, 2, and 3
    • D
    •  
    • 1, 2, and 3
  23. The purpose of filters in a film badge is



    A
     
    to eliminate harmful rays 


    B
     
    to measure radiation quality 


    C
     
    to prevent exposure by alpha particles 


    D
     
    as a support for the film contained within
    •  
    • B
    •  
    • to measure radiation quality
  24. The legal doctrine respondeat superior relates to which of the following?



    A
     
    Let the master answer. 


    B
     
    The thing speaks for itself. 


    C
     
    A thing or matter settled by justice. 


    D
     
    A matter settled by precedent.
    • Image Upload 6
    •  
    • A
    •  
    • Let the master answer.
  25. Which of the following involve(s) intentional misconduct?

    1. Invasion of privacy

    2. False imprisonment

    3. Patient sustaining injury from a fall while left unattended





    A
     
    1 only 


    B
     
    3 only 


    C
     
    1 and 2 only 


    D
     
    2 and 3 only
    •  
    • C
    •  
    • 1 and 2 only
  26. _____, is such as unnecessarily restraining a patient,
    False imprisonment
  27. All the following are part of the patient's bill of rights except



    A
     
    the right to refuse treatment. 


    B
     
    the right to review one's records. 


    C
     
    the right to order an x-ray procedure. 


    D
     
    the right to have an advance directive.
    •  
    • C
    •  
    • the right to order an x-ray procedure.
  28. Exposure factors of 100 kVp and 6 mAs are used with a 6:1 grid for a particular exposure. What should be the new milliampere-seconds value if a 12:1 grid is substituted?



    A
     
    7.5 mAs 


    B
     
    10 mAs 


    C
     
    13 mAs 


    D
     
    18 mAs
    •  
    • B
    •  
    • 10 mAs
  29. Image Upload 7
    Image Upload 8
  30. If a radiographer performed a lumbar spine examination on a patient who was supposed to have an elbow examination, which of the following charges may be brought against the radiographer?



    A
     
    Assault 


    B
     
    Battery 


    C
     
    False imprisonment 


    D
     
    Defamation
    •  
    • B
    •  
    • Battery
  31. Which of the following must be included in a patient's medical record or chart?

    1. Diagnostic and therapeutic orders

    2. Medical history

    3. Informed consent





    A
     
    1 and 2 only 


    B
     
    1 and 3 only 


    C
     
    2 and 3 only 


    D
     
    1, 2, and 3
    • D
    •  
    • 1, 2, and 3
  32. The ARRT Rules of Ethics are
    1. aspirational.
    2. mandatory.
    3. minimally acceptable standards.




    A
     
    1 only 


    B
     
    1 and 2 only 


    C
     
    2 and 3 only 


    D
     
    1, 2, and 3
    •  
    • C
    •  
    • 2 and 3 only
  33. Facsimile transmission of health information is

    1. not permitted.

    2. permitted for urgently needed patient care.

    3. permitted for third-party payer hospitaliza-tion certification.





    A
     
    1 only 


    B
     
    2 only 


    C
     
    2 and 3 only 


    D
     
    1, 2, and 3
    • Image Upload 9
    •  
    • C
    •  
    • 2 and 3 only
  34. For medicolegal reasons, radiographic images are required to include all the following information except



    A
     
    the patient's name and/or identification number. 


    B
     
    the patient's birth date. 


    C
     
    a right- or left-side marker. 


    D
     
    the date of the examination.
    the patient's birth date. 
  35. he roentgen is the unit of



    A
     
    radiation dose 


    B
     
    biologic dose 


    C
     
    dose equivalent 


    D
     
    ionization in air
    •  
    • D
    •  
    • ionization in air
  36. An RT (ARRT) is the supervising manager of a short-staffed imaging facility in a State having legislation that requires professional certification. An job applicant arrives whose ARRT certification has lapsed. The manager hires him to fill a 20-hour position doing chest and extremity radiography. The supervisor is guilty of



    A
     
    breaking the ARRT Code of Ethics. 


    B
     
    breaking the ARRT Rules of Ethics. 


    C
     
    malpractice. 


    D
     
    nothing, because position responsibilities are limited.
    • B
    •  
    • breaking the ARRT Rules of Ethics.
  37. Unlawful touching of a person without his or her consent is termed



    A
     
    assault 


    B
     
    battery 


    C
     
    false imprisonment 


    D
     
    invasion of privacy
    •  
    • B
    •  
    • battery
  38. Which of the following patient rights is violated by discussing privileged patient information with an individual who is not involved with the patient's care?















    1. The right to considerate and respectful care
    2. The right to privacy
    3. The right to continuity of care





    A
     
    1 only 


    B
     
    2 only 


    C
     
    1 and 3 only 


    D
     
    2 and 3 only
    • B
    •  
    • 2 only
  39. Which of the following is an acceptable approximate entrance skin exposure (ESE) for a PA chest radiograph?



    A
     
    6 mR 


    B
     
    20 mR 


    C
     
    38 mR 


    D
     
    0.6 R
    • Image Upload 10
    •  
    • B
    •  
    • 20 mR
  40. The rad is the unit of



    A
     
    radiation dose. 


    B
     
    exposure. 


    C
     
    dose equivalent. 


    D
     
    ionization in air.
    • A
    •  
    • radiation dose.
  41. The term dysplasia refers to



    A
     
    difficulty speaking. 


    B
     
    abnormal development of tissue. 


    C
     
    malposition. 


    D
     
    difficult or painful breathing.
    • Image Upload 11
    •  
    • B
    •  
    • abnormal development of tissue.
  42. The ethical principle that aspires never to, above all, do harm describes



    A
     
    fidelity. 


    B
     
    veracity. 


    C
     
    nonmalficence. 


    D
     
    beneficence.
    • Image Upload 12
    •  
    • C
    •  
    • nonmalficence.
Author
McCrae
ID
294923
Card Set
Patient Care
Description
Patient Care
Updated