351C TEST 1

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  1. Gretchen am Spinnrade
    • Franz Schubert
    • Lied
    • uses descriptive accompaniments to paint a picture (harmonies and silence as well as rhythm)
    • modified strophic form
  2. Der Lindenbaum
    • by Schubert 
    • from Winterreise
    • song cycle
    • poetry by Wilhelm muller
    • modified strophic form
    • moves between major and minor constantly
  3. Jeanie with the light brown hair
    • Stephen Foster
    • Parlor song
    • combination of high classic composers + irish folk melody
    • its the out of tune piano
  4. Carnaval
    • Schumann
    • Character Pieces
    • about a masquerade ball
    • Eusebius- dreamy self - presents a melody and decorates it
    • florestan - impestius self - hysterical waltz with incomplete phrases
    • coquette - depicts flirtation between a girl and floristan
  5. Mazurka in Bb op7no1
    • Chopin
    • in a strange rounded binary
  6. Trois Etudes de concerto no 3 un sospiro
    • Franz Liszt
    • Concert Etude
    • it was meant as a teaching tool but it fit the concert hall
    • its extremely virtuosic
    • in sonata form (kinda)
  7. Souvenir de porto rico
    • Louis Moreau Gottschalk
    • character piece
    • its a set of variations that becomes more and more virtuosic
    • combines a folk song from puerto rico with ethnic african/latin/caribbean rhythm
  8. Symphonie fantastique
    • Berlioz
    • program music
    • not sonata form but a series of episodes
    • idée fixe
    • wild shifts in instrumentation, dynamic, and color
  9. Violin Concerto in E minor op 64 Finale
    • mendelssohn
    • concerto
    • begins with the solo violin ( no solo exposition)
    • each movement is linked thematically
    • sonata rondo form
  10. symphony no 4 op 20
    • Schumann
    • symphony
    • actually a redo of his second symphony
    • has a germinal motive
    • very long development
  11. String quintet
    • Schubert
    • exploits a wide range
    • very lyrical and contrasts moods in pairs or trios by bouncing themes back and forth
    • very inventive harmonies - slips between major and minor
    • lower instruments have melody
  12. Elijah: and then shall your light break forth
    • Mendelssohn
    • huge band
    • modeled after handel
    • its an oratoria
    • premiered in england with and english text but he wrote it in german (both are authentic)
    • mixture of homophony and polyphony
    • Its the choir you cant understand
  13. Im Wald
    • Fanny Mendelssohn
    • Strophic Partsong
    • Is biedermeier - nice things for the middle class
  14. fredrich blume
    Believed that the romantic period was just a fulfillment of the classic era
  15. What is the era overview for the romantic
    • Monarchies fell and city states were consiladated
    • you get a middle class and literacy spread
    • Napoloen came to power and stabilized france
    • Congress of vienna really begins the romantic period
    • -redesigned the map of europe
  16. 4 big philosophers from germany
    • Nietzsche
    • Schopenhauer
    • hegel
    • Carl Marx (engels)
  17. Why did lieder appear
    • nationalism
    • -they reembraced german poetry
    • rejected italian opera
    • JOhann wolfgang von gothe was a bit poet for lieder
    • about simplicity and direfct expression
  18. Explain the "Stages of Patronage"
    • - nobility and aristrocrats are the patrons (concerts are private)
    • - patronage would trickle down because people would want to do what the class aboce them was doing "Keeping up with the jones"
    • Venues got larger (becasue one person couldnt pay for the artist alone)
  19. what made the romantic era romantic
    emotion, ideals, personal expresson, origionality, supernatural, spirituality, macabre, nature, fairy tales
  20. Music generalities for the romantic
    • Music had to be origional
    • sonata becomes about themes not keys
    • search for new tone color
    • new harmonies
    • lots of hemiola
    • Programatic muisc becomes more common
    • new interest in counterpoint
    • music was very big or very small
    • beethoven casts a shadow over everyone in the romantic era
  21. who are the early romantics
    • franz schubert
    • robert schumann
    • fredric chopin
    • felix mendelssohn
  22. Franz Schubert
    • best known for his leider
    • did not perfom in public very much
    • was the perfect composer for small pieces
    • - most of his music was presented in concerts in homes
    • Important patron was Johann Vogl
    • Published much of his music in peridicales
    • leider could be - strophic, modified strophic, through composed, or scena (mini opera)
  23. who was wilhelm Muller
    HE WROTE the poetry for Winterreise (schubert's song cycle)
  24. robert schumann
    • important literary figure in music and the first fully romantic composer
    • was manic depressive and possibly had differenet personalities
    • born in Saxony in Drezdin and began as a pianist
    • was a law student
    • invented a device to strengthen his hands and it actually destroyed his career
    • married clara which made his year of song
    • died in a mental institution
  25. Talk about schumann's leider
    • successor to schubert
    • very pianistic with focus on the piano
    • piano comments on the poetry during preludes interludes and postludes
  26. Talk about Schumannt's piano music
    • tends to be charactor pieces
    • puts things in cycles
    • much of this music is atmospheric rather than specific
  27. American music
    • took a while for things to get going
    • # big centers of music New york boston or philadelphis
  28. william billings
    american composer that wrote for church
  29. why did america not have any composers
    they would study in germany then stay there
  30. Stephen foster
    • american composer
    • from pittsburg
    • self educated
    • wrote tons of songs and parlor songs
  31. parlor song
    song for the home that are simple and fun to sing
  32. who were the 2 big romantic piano teachers
    • Gerny
    • Clementi
  33. waht genera did romantic piano music focus on
    • Miniatures (many were amateurs)
    • there was a prominant melody that would be decorated
  34. Frederic Chopin
    • poland native
    • spend most of his career in paris
    • was a pianist and very popular
    • never played large concert halls
    • he helped piano manufactures create better instruments from a mechanical standpoint
    • had a love affair (on again off again) with Aurore dudevandt
    • intedgrated nationalist music with regular music
    • used lots fo rubado
    • blurred notes using the sustain pedal
    • lots of repeated notes
    • lots of polish dances and melodies
    • lyrical near vocal melodies
    • improvisatory nature to his style
    • many mazurkas and polonaise and nocturnes
  35. Franz Liszt
    • one of the best pianisrts ever
    • invented the symphonic poem
    • born in hungary and raised in vienna
    • he wanted to be the best pianist ever
    • he became the first to perform a big hall solo piano recital
    • became the court director at weimar and began his compositional career
  36. Louis marie gottschalk
    • american composer who studied in europe then came home
    • internationally known
    • music shows his differnt ethnic backgrounds
  37. what were the conservatives all about
    • absolute music
    • 4 movment
    • sonata form
    • romantic iodeals
    • - themes for structure
    • -tone color and articulation take on structural importance
    • -chromaticism and dissonance become more common
    • -expansion of range of pitches , dynamics, and free sections of sonata form
    • -moves beyond 1-5-1
  38. What are the radicals all about
    • alter symphonic structure
    • moves beyond classical forms
    • program music
  39. Hector Berlioz
    • king of the radicals
    • composer, conductor, pianist and music critic
    • wrote amazing orchestration
    • uses idee fixe - changing a theme little by littel to better fit the program
    • obsessed with harriet smithson which was a shakesperean actor of the time
  40. What is an Idee Fixe
    a theme that is what an entire symphony is based off of
  41. Felix Mendelssohn
    • conservative
    • composition protigy
    • jewish composer
    • comes from mozart's tradition
    • director of the Gevandhaus Orchestra and founded the leipzig conservatory
  42. Romantic chamber music
    • lots of Haus Musick
    • -chamber music for amaeurs and published in periodicals
    • Chamber music for concert performacne
    • -Intended for professionals to play in concert
    • -based off the Razumovsky quartets from beethoven
  43. 19th century choral music
    • amateur choirs were a big thing
    • lutheran churches had some amaturs in their choirs
    • Part songs became a large part of social music
Card Set
351C TEST 1
here we go again
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