Human Anatomy Chapter 4 Tissue Level of Organizations

  1. The four principal types of tissues are




    D) epithelial, connective, muscle, nervous
  2. Which type of tissue facilitates movement of the skeleton or organ walls?




    D) muscular
  3. Functions of epithelial tissue include




    A) protecting exposed surfaces
  4. Which of the following is not a characteristic of tight junctions?




    B) allow free flow of cytoplasm between neighboring cells
  5. Unlike other intercellular junctions, ____________ only attach a cell to its neighbors at potential stress points.




    A) desmosomes
  6. At ____________, transmembrane proteins create tiny pores through which small molecules and ions pass between adjoining cells.




    D) gap junctions
  7. Epithelia are classified on the basis of




    A) number of cell layers and shape of cells at the apical surface
  8. Which type of epithelium is adapted to protect underlying tissues from abrasion and friction?




    C) stratified squamous
  9. Nonciliated simple columnar epithelium often contains ____________, which increase the surface area for secretion and absorption.



    C) microvilli
  10. The three shapes of cells used to classify most epithelia are described as




    D) squamous, columnar, and cuboidal
  11. Multicellular exocrine glands may be classified by their




    D) all of the above
  12. In apocrine glands, the secretory product is released




    C) by pinching off the apical portion of the cytoplasm
  13. Examples of apocrine glands include which of the following?




    A) mammary and some sweat glands
  14. What are the three basic components of connective tissue?




    C) cells, protein fibers, and ground substance
  15. Embryonic connective tissues include




    C) both of the above
  16. Mesenchyme




    D) all of the above
  17. Which two classes of cells are found in connective tissue proper?




    D) resident cells and wandering cells
  18. The major functions of loose connective tissue include




    D) all of the above
  19. Which tissue makes up the majority of tendons and ligaments?




    C) dense regular connective tissue
  20. Dense irregular connective tissue that forms a supporting layer around cartilage is called




    B) perichondrium
  21. Which of the following pairings is incorrect?




    B) supporting connective tissue, blood
  22. The minute passageways in the bony matrix that allow osteocytes to communicate with each other are called




    D) canaliculi
  23. All of the following are types of serous membranes except




    A) perichondrium
  24. Which of the following is a major function of serous membranes?




    A) minimizing friction between opposing surfaces
  25. Skeletal muscle is




    D) striated and voluntary
  26. Cells in which tissue type are specialized to transmit electrical impulses from one body region to another?




    B) nervous
  27. The two types of cells in nervous tissue are




    C) neurons and glial cells
  28. Nervous tissue cells that play several supporting roles but do not transmit impulses are called




    D) glial cells
  29. As individuals age, epithelia become




    C) thinner
  30. Aging affects connective tissues in which of the following ways?




    D) all of the above
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Human Anatomy Chapter 4 Tissue Level of Organizations
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Human Anatomy McKinley Chapter 4 Tissue Level of Organizations
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