Preschooler GD

  1. Preschool ages:
    3-5 years
  2. Most significant lifestyle change for toddler:
    Going to school!

    (experiences brief/prolonged separation; uses language for mental symbolization; increased attention span and memory)
  3. Weight gain for Preschooler
    5 pounds per year
  4. Height increase for preschooler:
    2-3 inches per year
  5. Gross Motor skills that should be well-established for preschoolers:
    • Walking
    • Running
    • Climbing
    • Jumping

    (everything is more coordinated)
  6. Fine motor skills that improve through preschoolers
    Eye-Hand and Muscle coordination

    Drawing; Dressing; Artwork; PBJ sandwich)
  7. Psychosocial Development for preschooler
    Initiative-- if their creativity is squashed, so is their initiative

    • -development of conscience
    • -learning right from wrong
  8. Cognitive Development of Preschooler:
    • Pre-operational
    • -preconceptual at 2-4 years
    • -intuitive thought phase at 4-7 years

    Egocentric Shifts to Social Awareness! (able to see viewpoints of others)

    Language continues to develop (4-5 word sentences)

    Concept of causality (if i think it, i caused it)

    Time is incompletely understood-- "whenever spongebob is over, we'll go take your heart pictures"

    MAGICAL thinking
  9. PLAY of preschooler is
    • Cooperative and Associative
    • (playing together and putting together puzzles)

    Imaginative play/friends

    Dramatic play-- dressing up and putting plays on
  10. Moral development of preschooler:
    basic level of moral judgement

    punishment and obedience orientation

    less concerned about needs of others

    Just/Fair is subjective... (if i'm right it's fair; if i'm wrong it's not fair)
  11. Development of Body Image for the preschooler
    Comprehension of "desirable" appearances

    Aware of racial identity....use this to build a positive thought format!

    • Poorly defined body boundaries:
    • --broken skin = insides leak out
    • --frightened by invasive procedures
    • --"Take" BP is literal
  12. Development of Sexuality in Preschoolers:
    Forms strong attachment to opposite sex parent

    Becomes concerned with modesty

    Dressing up like mommy or daddy

    Sexual exploration is pronounced

    Questions about sexual reproduction
  13. Social Development of Preschooler
    Individuation (separation process is completed)

    Overcomes stranger anxiety

    Still needs parental security and guidance

    Security from familiar objects

    Play therapy is beneficial for working through fears, anxieties, and fantasies
  14. Common fears of preschooler:
    • Dark- monsters
    • Being left alone
    • Animals
    • Ghosts
    • Objects or Persons associated with pain

    ***technique of desensitization to overcome fears
  15. Sleep problems of preschoolers
    • night mares
    • night terrors

    *Encourage consistent bedtime routines
  16. Injury prevention for Preschooler:
    • Safety Education!
    • --holding hands/look both ways on street
    • --don't swim without adult, use floats
    • --stranger danger!
    • --bike helmets
    • --seat belts
Card Set
Preschooler GD
Preschooler GD