
refers to the standardized code for symbolizing the mathematical operations performed in the formulas and for symbolizing the answers we obtain.
statistical notation

is a mathematical procedure for systematically converting a set of scores into a different set of scores
Transformation

is a decimal number between 0 and 1 that indicates a fraction of the total.
proportion

based on observation and measurement, resulting in numbers, or scores. These scores are the data.
empirical research

are used to make sense out of data: They are used to organize, summarize, and communicate data and to conclude what the data indicate.
statistical procedure

are used to make sense out of data: They are used to organize, summarize, and communicate data and to conclude what the data indicate.
data point

