What is congestive heart failure?
Inability to pump enough blood to avoid congestion in the tissues
What is creatinine?
Chemical that comes from the muscles. The kidneys filter most of it, then its excreted in the urine.
What is diuresis?
Increased formation of urine by the kidneys
What is a diuretic?
Any drug that increases the flow of urine, causing the body to get rid of excess water
What is dysrhythmia?
Abnormal cardia rhythym
what is an electrolyte?
Controls the fluid balance in the body and controls muscle contraction
What is glaucoma?
Eye disease that damages the retina; caused by abnormally high intraocular pressure
What is homeostasis?
Maintaining equalibrium amongst the body processes.
What is hyperkalemia?
High potassium level
What is hypertension?
High blood pressure
What is hypokalemia?
Low potassium level
What is a loop diuretic and what is it used for?
Potent diuretic used to remove fluid arising from renal, hepatic or cardia dysfunction, and to treat acute pulmonary adema.
What is the most commonly used Loop Diuretic?
What are the Loop Diuretics?
- furosemide (Lasix)
- bumetanide (Bumex)
- ethacrynic acid (Edecrin)
What are the Thiazide Diuretics?
- bendroflumethiazide (Naturin)
- chlorothiazide (Diuril, SK-Chlorothiazide)
- hydrochlorothiazide (Esidrix, HydroDIURIL, Oretic)
What are the potassium sparing diuretics?
- amiloride (Midamor)
- spironolactone (Aldactone)
- triamterene (Dyrenium)
Which diuretic is a Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor?
Which is an Osmotic Diuretic?
What are thiazide diuretics and how do they work?
- Low potency diuretics used to treat essential hypertension and mild chronic edema.
- Inhibit reabsorbtion of Sodium and Chlorine ions
What are Potassium Sparing Diuretics?
- Low potency diuretics used to treat edema and hypertension, and to help restore potassium levels in hypokalemic patients
- Administered in combination with Loop or Thiazide diuretics to minimize potassium loss.
What are carbonic anhydrase inhibitors and what are they used for?
- Low potency diuretic used to treat acute closed-angle glaucoma and chronic open-angle glaucoma
- Decrease production of aqueous humor, lowering intraocular pressure
What are Osmotic Diuretics?
- Highly potent diuretic.
- Increases blood pressure and blood volume by drawing fluid out of tissues and into the circulatory system rapidly.
- Contraindicated in patients with hypertension and edema.
- NOT used for Congestive heart failure
What is a nephron?
Functioning unit of the kidney