cognition final part 3

  1. Describe what phonemes are
    the best way to understand sounds

    all the way the letters of the alphabet, and their combinations, are pronounced
  2. Describe the difference in the production of vowels and consonants
    both depend on the vocal organs

    vowels, we open our vocal tract air pathways

    consonants, we contract our vocal tract air pathways
  3. Give a definition of The variability problem
    there is no simple correspondence between acoustical patterns and the phonemes we hear
  4. Give a definition and a daily-life example of coarticulation
    the way a phoneme is produced depends on the phonemes that precede and follow it

    example: when we try to teach a word (bat, boot) to a child
  5. Give a definition of the segmentation problem
    how do we divide the continuous stream of acoustical speech signals into individual words
  6. Explain why the variability problem and the segmentation problem make speech perception a complicated problem
    In the variability problem, different acoustical patterns result in the same phonemes, and in the segmentation problem, no breaks in acoustical pattern for individual words
  7. Explain what the solution is to the variability problem and the segmentation problem
    The solution is context, in which words, phrases, and ideas already identified guide the interpretation of new incoming sounds
Card Set
cognition final part 3
cognition final part 3