1. Function of respiratory system is?
    • Main: gas exchange
    • vocalization
    • buffering system by maintaining pH
    • effects the chemistry of the blood
    • defense system
  2. ACE enzyme is?
    Angiotensin-converting enzyme that indirectly increases blood pressure by causing blood vessels to constrict. It does that by converting angiotensin I to angiotensin II, which constricts the vessels
  3. main epithelium covering respiratory tube is?
    pseudostratefied columnar
  4. Cells that are mixed in into resperatory epithelial tissue lining are?
    • Columnar ciliated cells
    • Goblet cells
    • Brush cells
    • Basel cells
    • Granule cells.
  5. Goblet cells are?
    • Exocrine cells that secrete mucus onto the epithelial surface, to keep it moist.
    • It is sticky andas a consequence it traps dust and any debris that is in the air.
  6. what is the function of cilia in the respiratory  tract?
    • always moves in one direction away from lungs towards the nose and mouth.
    • The cilia swipes the mucus with a trap debris up.
  7. Brush cells are?
    • located near the base,
    • contained a lot of microvilli.
    • Appear to be sensory receptor cells tie into afferent fibers.
  8. sensory receptor cells tie into afferent fibers are?
    Brush cells.
  9. Basel cells are?
    • found near the basement membrane
    • they are stem cells, capable of differentiating into another cell type of the respiratory tracts
  10. Granule cells are?
    • contain granules that has serotonin, gastrin,
    • bombesin - releasing peptide, some calcitonin, caticolomine.
  11. two main component of respiratory system are?
    • Conducting
    • Respiratory
  12. Conducting portion of respiratory system includes?
    • Nose
    • Mouth
    • Throat
    • Larynx
    • Trachea
    • Bronchi
  13. function of conducting system is to?
    Conduct air
  14. function of respiratory system is ?
    site of gas exchange
  15. Respiratory system includes
    • bronchiols
    • alvioli duct
    • alvioli sacs
  16. common conduit for air food and drink is?
    pharynx ( throat)
  17. what vibrate the vocal cords to make sounds?
    larynx ( voice box)
  18. Fairly short fibrous tube
    Only function is to conduct air
    represented by the presence C shaped cartilaginous rings
    functions to keep larynx open
  19. Nasal cavity is separated by?
  20. septum is made up of?
    • Cartilage
    • Bone
  21. Nasal cavity is composed of what two parts?
    • Vestibule
    • Fassae
  22. most anterior portion of nasal cavity is?
    Vestibule ( nose)
  23. Narise are ______________ that are lined with _______________but in posterior region lined with _____________________
    • openings of the nose
    • stratified squamous non karatinized epithlium
    • pseudostratified
  24. Vestibule is lined with _____________ that are _____________
    • Vibrissae hairs
    • special sensory receptors.
  25. which glands secrete into vestibule cavity?
    Sebatious glands
  26. when air passes through the vestibule it is?
    • warmed up
    • filtered by vibrissae
    • gets humidified by mucus lining.
  27. what is located behind the interior nostrils and separated by the septum?
  28. how many plates of bones  are in each fassae?
  29. the 3 bones of fassae are? and have a name ___?
    • top
    • middle
    • inferior
    • conchae
  30. middle and inferior bones of fasae a lined with?
    pseudostratefied columnar
  31. which conchae is lined with olphactory epithilium?
    superior conchae
  32. which epithelium detects Oder in the air?
    olphactory epithilium
  33. Olfectory cells are _____________cell, that are ____________, and have ___________?
    • sencory
    • bipolar
    • cillia
  34. Cilia are not ____________ and this is where
    • motile
    • receptor to a different odorant is
  35. exocrine gland that functions as washing devise, secretes liquid watery secretion and coats the surface is?
    Bowman's gland
  36. supportive cells
    goblet cells
    Basal cells
    and other are located ?
    on ether side of Odorent cell
  37. well developed plaxis of small veins in lamina propria of the fassae that alternates in swelling up. when swell sup it occupies the passage way. Prevents excessive desiccation of fassae?
    swell bodies
  38. special receptor that detects pheromones , particularely sex attractants, has redused function on humans
    • VNO -
    • vomero nasal organ
  39. spongy cavity that is imbeded into skull bone is?
  40. sinuses a lined with ___________ and ________ cells that produce___________
    • pseudostratefied columnar epithilium
    • Goblet cells
    • mucuse
  41. sinuses are located in:
    • Frontal bone ( Larges one)
    • Maxila bone
    • Ethmoid ( eye orbital)
    • Sphenoid
  42. 3 regions of throat area include?
    • Naso pharynx
    • Laringio-pharynx
    • Larynx
  43. part of the throught that is closes to the nasal cavity is ?
    naso pharynx
  44. Eustaceann tube is?
    • communication device
    • functions to equalize pressure
    • communicates with middle ear
  45. oro pharynx are found?
    near the back of the mouth
  46. Laringio pharynx is found?
    right above the larynx
  47. conects pharynx to trachea
    conducts air and vocalization
    elastic and hyline cartilage are found here
  48. epiglottis
    example of elastic cartilage in the larynx
  49. Thyroid
    Hyline cartilage in the larynx
  50. function of epiglottis is?
    class glotitis during swalowing
  51. vocal cords are?
    extention of mucosal lining of the larynx projecting into cavity of the larynx itself.
  52. two sets of vocal cords are?
    • true
    • False
  53. False cords are
    • vestibular cord
    • thick
    • do not vibrate
    • covered with stratafied squamous epithilium
  54. true cords are?
    • thin
    • vibrate to make sound
    • covered with pseudostratefied columnar epithilium.
  55. fibroelestic tube that has the ability to expand and contract as the air is moving out is known as?
  56. Tra
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