Anatomy and Physiology Semester 1

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  1. What is the term that is given to anything that occupies space and has mass?
  2. What 4 elements comprise 96% of the body?
    Carbon, Oxygen, Hydrogen, and Nitrogen.
  3. What is the building blocks of elements?
  4. What does the atomic number of an element tell you?
    The number of protons and electrons.
  5. What does the atomic mass of an element tell you?
    The sum of protons and nuetrons.
  6. What is an isotope?
    It's the same element with different number of nuetrons.
  7. What is the term given to two or more different atoms combined chemically?
    A compund.
  8. What type of bond is formed when atoms donate or accept (transfer) electrons?
    An ionic bond.
  9. What type of bond is formed when atoms share an electron?
    A covalent bond.
  10. What is the most abundant inorganic compound in our body?
  11. What element do all organic compounds contain?
  12. Which bio-molecule contains carbon,hydrogen, and oxygen in a 1:2:1 ratio and includes sugars and starches?
  13. What type of bio molecule contains  carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and is insoluble in water?
  14. What element in addition to carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen is found in protein?
    Nitrogen and sometimes sulfur.
  15. Which biomolecule is made up of amino acids and accounts for over half of the body's organic matter?
  16. What term is given to a protein which acts as a biological catalyst, increasing the rate of chemical reaction?
  17. What mus a DNA do before a cell undergoes division?
  18. DNA contains instructions for making which biomolecule?
  19. What is the chemical energy produced in the mitochondria which is used by all cells?
  20. What is the basic unit of life?
  21. What is the name of the specialized structure which performs a particular job or function in a eukaryotic cells?
  22. What is the difference between eukariotic and prokaryotic cells and which type do humans have?
    Prokaryotic cells don't have a nucleus and Eukariotic cells do have a nucleus. Humans have a Eukaryotic cell.
  23. What organelle is known as the "control center" of the cell?
    The nucleus.
  24. Which organelle is the site of protein synthesis?
  25. Which organelle found in animal cells is involved in cell division?
  26. To which organelle are the ribosomes attached?
    Rough endoplasmic reticulum. (Rough ER)
  27. Which organelle is involved in digestion within the cell?
  28. Which organelle is known as the "gate keeper", regualting what comes in and out of the cell?
    Plasma Membrane.
  29. What is the clear, jelly-fluid found inside a cell?
  30. Which organelle produces energy in the cell from nutrients and is known as the "powerhouse"?
Card Set
Anatomy and Physiology Semester 1
Semester 1 anatomy and physiology
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