2014 December Exam ELA

  1. Worked toward getting civil rights for African-Americans; believed in nonviolent forms of protesting; founder of the SCLC; worked as a preacher before getting involved in civil rights work; excellent speaker; wrote Letter from a Birmingham Jail; gave "I Have a Dream" speech at the March on Washington; shot in Memphis while there to speak to striking sanitation workers
    Martin Luther King, Jr.
  2. was told at a young age that he wasn't able to be a lawyer because he was black; went to Boston and met several people who got him involved in the "wrong kind" of lifestyle; went to prison for burglary; converted to the Nation of Islam; worked as a speaker and as the "face" of the Nation of Islam; left the Nation of Islam over differences with Elijah Muhammad; took a trip to Mecca; was shot by members of the Nation of Islam
    Malcolm X
  3. reverend in Birmingham, fought for integration in the city; his home and church were bombed several times, he was beater for trying to integrate a local high school
    Fred Shuttlesworth
  4. close friend of Martin Luther King
    Ralph Abernathy
  5. founder of the UNIA; inspired African -Americans to segregate themselves and become less dependent on whites; wanted African Americans to return to Africa
    Marcus Garvey
  6. father of Malcolm X; chased out of town for voicing his opinions on equality for blacks; followed the teaching of Marcus Garvey; killed mysteriously by a trolley
    Earl Little
  7. hot-headed, young leader of the civil rights movement; clashed with King because their ideas about how to get equal rights did not match
    Stokely Carmichael
  8. Public safety commissioner in Birmingham; drove around in a white tank; whole-heartedly supported segregation and encouraged the police to use violent tactics
    Eugene "Bull" Connor
  9. former governor of Alabama; "Segregation today' segregation tomorrow, segregation forever"
    George Wallace
  10. Leader of the Nation of Islam; often clashed with Malcolm X because Malcolm was hotheaded and outspoken
    Elijah Muhammad
  11. director of the documentary 4 Little Girls
    Spike Lee
  12. wife of Malcolm; also a member of the Nation of Islam; mother of 6 girls; later changed her last name to Shabazz
    Betty X
  13. wife to Martin Luther King; advocate for civil rights
    Coretta Scott King
  14. author of The Watsons Go to Birmingham, 1963
    Christopher Paul Curtis
  15. friend of Malcolm X; helped him get a job as a shoe shine boy
  16. Malcolm's half-sister; took him in when he was 16 years old; funded his trip to Mecca
  17. Boxer who changed his name to Muhammad Ali when he converted to the Nation of Islam
    Cassius Clay
  18. Middle Watson child; protagonist of The Watsons Go to Birmingham-1963; narrator of the story
    Kenny (Kenneth Watson)
  19. Youngest Watson child
    Joey (Joetta) Watson
  20. Oldest Watson child; often referred to as the juvenile delinquent
    Byron Watson (By)
  21. friend to Cynthia Wesley; active in the civil rights movement
    Carolyn McKinstry
  22. former US president; continued working to pass civil rights legislation; passed the Voting Rights Act
    Lyndon B. Johnson
  23. Refused to give up her seat on a Montgomery bus; her arrest started the Montgomery bus boycotts
    Rosa Parks
  24. one of the victims of the 16th Street Baptist Church bombing; father was Chris; described by her father as feisty
    Denise McNair
  25. the youngest victim of the 16th Street Baptist Church bombing
    Addie Mae Collins
  26. one of the victims of the 16th Street Baptist Church bombing; friends with Carolyn McKinstry
    Cynthia Wesley
  27. one of the victims of the 16th Street Baptist Church bombing; played clarinet; library helper; good student
    Carole Robertson
  28. Malcolm's mother; slipped into severe depression after the death of her husband; eventually was committed to a mental institution
    Louise Little
  29. one of the men responsible for the bombing of the 16th Street Baptist Church; "Dynamite Bob"; convicted of the bombing in 1977
    Bob Chambliss
  30. Author of  By Any Means Necessary:  Malcolm X
    Walter Dean Myers
  31. protagonist of The Giver; chosen to be the Receiver of Memory
  32. former Receiver of Memory; asked for Release; the Giver's daughter
  33. toddler with pale eyes; able to hold onto the memories that Jonas transmits to him; scheduled for release because he cannot sleep through the night; rescued by Jonas
    Gabe (Gabriel)
  34. the man who holds onto all the memories for the community and provides the community with advice and guidance based on these memories
    The Giver
  35. author of The Giver
    Lois Lowry
  36. a book about someone's life written by someone else
  37. a story that is not true
  38. a book that is true or lists facts and details and information; not a story
  39. a nonfiction movie/film based on facts and documents and interviews
  40. a perfect society; literally translates to "no place"
  41. keeping groups of people separated based on race
  42. the joining together of races and making them equal
  43. black and white young people who rode buses from state to state to protest the segregation of the interstate bus system
    Freedom Riders
  44. unfair laws that made it impossible for African-Americans to do things like eat where they want, register to vote, sit where they want on a bus, or attend the same schools as whites
    Jim Crow Laws
  45. black people would sit at lunch counters and wait to be served even though they were not welcome in the restaurant
    sit ins
  46. refusing to spend money on a good or service in order to cause a company financial suffering so they would change their policies
  47. refusing people their constitutional right to vote
  48. a movement that said that African-Americans should return to Africa and should separate themselves from whites; blacks should own their own businesses, schools, and neighborhoods to keep them from being too dependent on whites
    Black Nationalism
  49. protesting without violence or aggression; King learned this technique from Gandhi
  50. political organization founded by Malcolm X after his split from the Nation of Islam
    Muslim Mosque Incorporate
  51. religious and political group that began in Detroit in 1930; run by Elijah Muhammad; joined by Malcolm X during his time in prison; promoted equal rights for African Americans; did not support King's "turn the other cheek" policy; empowered African Americans to get equal rights "by any means necessary"; helped many African Americans who struggled with drug addiction and poverty
    Nation of Islam
  52. Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee; young people who helped with sit ins and protests
  53. National Association for the Advancement of Colored People; worked to test laws in the court system
  54. Southern Christian Leadership Conference; group of clergymen who worked to organize people for boycotts and marches for civil rights
  55. Congress of Racial Equality; helped organize the Freedom Riders
  56. Montgomery Improvement Association; organized the bus boycott in Montgomery
  57. Universal Negro Improvement Association; founded by Marcus Garvey
  58. Ku Klux Klan; terrorist group that targeted African Americans through intimidation and violence
  59. Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights; founded by Fred Shuttlesworth
  60. an exaggerated example of what could go wrong in today's society if something in the society is not changed; terrible society; the opposite of a utopia where citizens live in terrible conditions
  61. the moral or lesson of a story; based on the big idea
  62. connects with theme; can sum up the message of a story in one word such as love or family
    big idea
  63. saying something negative/bad/mean in a nice way
  64. where and when a story takes place
  65. the turning point of a story; the time at which there is the most interest and excitement in a story
  66. the events of the story that lead from the exposition to the climax
    rising action
  67. a character that never changes throughout the course of a story
    static character
  68. a character that changes, grows and learns something throughout the course of a story
    dynamic character
  69. a point of view where the character is a part of the story; uses I, me, my, our et cetera
    first person point of view
  70. a point of view where the story is being told by an outside character or narrator; it usually focuses on one main character; uses he, she, they, et cetera
    third person point of view limited
  71. a point of view where all characters' thoughts and actions can be seen through the narrator; uses he, she, they
    third person omniscient
  72. the main character of the story; the hero
  73. the character that makes things difficult for the protagonist; this character works against the protagonist
Card Set
2014 December Exam ELA
Exam note cards for ELA exam for P. Couey, J. Pace, J. Flowers