RLST 110

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  1. TaNaKH
    3 sections of the Hebrew bible
  2. Torah
    Teaching or Law
  3. Nevi'im
  4. Ketuvim
  5. First Temple
    586 BCE destroyed by babylonians
  6. Second Temple
    70 CE destroyed by romans
  7. Oral Torah
    books, Midrash, Mishnah and Talmud passed down orally
  8. Mishnah
    Summary of the oral law, parallel to the written Torah
  9. Talmud
    2 Commentaries on Mishnah Palestinian and babylonian
  10. Midrash
    Commentaries to the Hebrew Bible
  11. Rabbinic Judaism
    Response to the second temple destruction where 3 events changed. 1 study replaced sacrifice, 2 god offered every word of the Torah, and 3 Make relationship with God
  12. Kosher
    Ritually acceptable meat
  13. Moses
    God talked to him about the Torah
  14. Moses Maimonides
    Wrote Mishneh Torah, code of Jewish Law
  15. Moses Mendelssohn
    Father of Orthodox and Reform Judaism
  16. Kabbalah
    Medieval Jewish tradition, principal text is the Zohar
  17. Sa'adia Gaon
    Translated the Hebrew Bible to Arabic
  18. Shekinah
    Divine presence of Israel people
  19. Zohar
    Principal text used in the tradition Kabbalah
  20. Reform
    Ethical monotheism reject ritual and nationalism
  21. Orthodox (Judaism)
    Most traditional work of Judaism (Preservation)
  22. Conservative
    Hold on faith but adapt to culture
  23. Hasidism/ Hasidic Judaism
    Mystically inclined followers of Baal Shem Tov
  24. Ba'al Shem Tov
    Master of the good name
  25. Mitzvah/ Mitzvoth
    Divine Laws commandments from God
  26. Sabbath
    Day of rest on the seventh day of the week
  27. 3 Pilgrimage
    Passover, Shavuot, Sukkot
  28. Passover
    agricultural rebirth and renewal
  29. Shavuot
    Receiving Torah at Mt. Sinai
  30. Sukkot
    Israeli wandering in the dessert, huts
  31. Zionism
    Longing for Jewish homeland
  32. Religious Toleration
    A state accepting the diversity of religions
  33. Religious Liberty
    The person has the right to believe and practice without constraints
  34. Religious Neutrality
    The government will not favor a religion
  35. Peace of Westphalia
    Ended 30 years war over religion. Establishes the idea of whoever rules dictates that religion
  36. First Amendment (2 clauses)
    • Establishment clause (make no law respecting an establishment of religion)
    • Free Exercise Clause (Prohibiting the free exercise thereof
  37. Everson v. Ewing Township
    Rule on establishment clause. The township reimbursed expenses people. No violation
  38. Burwell v. Hobby Lobby
    Provide contraception for employees in their insurance coverage. Hobby Lobby was against and won
  39. Roger Williams
    Foundation of Rhode Island colony
  40. Religion Freedom Restoration Act (RFRA)
    Obligation of governmental organizations to implement the least restrictive means to pursue compelling interest of the state
  41. Old/ New Testament
    Biblical book in christianity
  42. Septuagint/ Bulgate
    Translation of Hebrew scriptures into Greek
  43. Messiah
    Followers claim that Jesus is Jewish savior
  44. Orthodoxy (Christianity)
    Accepted theory or practice, saw Christ as image, sin is attached to the material world
  45. Catholicism
    Faith in Christ, saw Christ as mediator, sin is rooted institutionally
  46. Protestantism
    Against Catholicism
  47. Apostle Paul
    Disciple of Christ to the Gentiles
  48. Four Canonical Gospels
    • Mark(65-70 CE)
    • Matthew (80)
    • Luke (80)
    • John(90)
  49. Synoptic Gospels
    • Mark
    • Luke
    • Matthew
  50. Canonization
    Deceased person becomes saint
  51. Council of Nicaea
    Established uniform christian beliefes
  52. Creeds
    the boundary of what Christians can develop "I believe"
  53. Christendom
    Political entity that unites statehood with Christian religion
  54. Trinity
    The being of God (Father, Son, Spirit)
  55. Constantine
    Granted liberty to Christians to practice their religion
  56. Council of Carthage
    Helped Christians establish a reputation for courage and fidelity
  57. Perichoresis
    God's being is interwoven
  58. Theosis
    Becoming like God
  59. Icon
    Christ as pattern or Image
  60. Justification
    Being made right
  61. Atonement
    Forgiving for a wrong
  62. Sacraments (Eucharist)
    Outward sign of inward grace
  63. Sacraments (Baptism)
    Immerse in water
  64. Transubstantiation
    Bread and Wine turns into the body and blood of Christ
  65. Francis of Assisi
    Serve the Poor (Reformed the Church)
  66. Conversion
    Strongly Individualistic
  67. Martin Luther
    Criticized various things about the church's practice, Sola fide, sola scriptura (one faith, one scripture)
  68. John Calvin
    Reject tradition of biblical mandate, leader of the reform in Geneva
  69. Qur'an
    Religious textbook in Islam
  70. Allah
    God in Arabic
  71. Themes of the Qur'an
    Creation, Revelation, Prophets, Human Beings
  72. Five Pillars
    • 1. Profession of faith (Shahadah)
    • 2. Prayer (Salat)
    • 3. Almsgiving, paying tax
    • 4. Fasting (Ramadan)
    • 5. Pilgrimage to Mecca
  73. Sunna
  74. Hadith
    Written narrative on Muhammad's life
  75. Kalam
    Speech and disscussion
  76. Sufism
    One who wears wool
  77. Sharia
    Universally binding sacred law
  78. Imam
    Continuation of the prophet
  79. Ali
    Warrior known for heroism and turned into prophet
  80. Muhammad
    Ali is Muhammads Imam
  81. Hijra
    Prophets migration from Mecca to Medina
  82. Mecca and Medina
    Migration path
  83. Ka'ba
    images of the Gods and Goddesses that were worshiped inside it
  84. Quraysh
    A tribe that was moved out and raided Mecca
  85. Caliph
    Prophets successor
  86. Husayn
    Ali's son, Sunni killed him in the Battle of Karbale
  87. Jihad
    Struggle of one's self and/ or society to become Islamic
  88. Dhikr
  89. Sunni
    Trace succession through Caliphate of prophet
  90. Shi'a
    Followers of Ali
  91. Akhenaton
    Precedes the rise of Israel, worship the sun god
  92. Sikhsm
    Elimination of religious boundaries, no distinctive ritual
  93. Guru Nanak
    Developed Sikhism in Punjab
  94. Bahai
    Amovement for monotheism
  95. Creatio ex nihilio
    Creation from nothing
Card Set
RLST 110
RLST final over Judaism, monotheism, Christianity, Islam and Religious America
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