anthro final chp 12

  1. world system
    a world in which nations are economically and politically interdependent.
  2. colonialism
    The political, social, economic, and cultural domination of a territory and its people by a foreign power for an extended time.
  3. imperialism
    A policy of extending the rule of a nation or empire over foreign nations and of taking and holding foreign colonies.
  4. proletariat
    • working class
    • Those who must sell their labor to survive; the antithesis of the bourgeoisie in Marx’s class analysis.
  5. bourgeoisie
    One of Karl Marx’s opposed classes; owners of the means of production ( factories, mines, large farms, and other sources of subsistence).
  6. caste
    • Closed, hereditary system of stratification, often dictated by religion; hierarchical social status is ascribed at birth, so that people are locked into their parents’ social position.
    • endogamous
    • limited to persons of the same rank, occupation, economic position
  7. core
    Dominant structural position in the world system; consists of the strongest and most powerful states with advanced systems of production.
  8. capitalism
    The single world system, which emerged in the 16th century, committed to production for sale, with the object of maximizing profits rather than supplying domestic needs.
  9. first world
    so called developed, capitalist, industrial  countries, roughly, a bloc of countries aligned with the United States after World War II, with more or less common political and economic interests: North America, Western Europe, Japan and Australia.
  10. third world
    the "underdeveloped" or developing nations of the world, especially those with widespread poverty.
  11. periphery
    Weakest structural position in the world system.
  12. stratification
    the state of being divided into social classes
  13. inequality
    unequal access to resources (land, water, production etc.)
  14. scarcity explanation
    over populated countries with too few resources that cannot produce enough food
  15. class
    • group of people sharing the same social, economic, or occupational status
    • usually implies a social and economic hierarchy, in which those of higher class standing have greater status, privilege, prestige, and authority.
    • Western societies have traditionally been divided into three classes: the upper or leisure class, the middle class (bourgeoisie ), and the lower or working class.
  16. industrialization
    process in which a society transforms itself from a primarily agricultural society into one based on the manufacturing of goods and services
  17. what have been general patterns in the history of Western imperialist expansion
    • The Rise of the Global Inequality
    • Industrial Revolution allowed those
    • regions of the world that industrialized in the nineteenth century to
    • increase wealth and power in comparison to those that did not
    • gaps in wealth and well being
Card Set
anthro final chp 12
final chp 12