Cancer 2.0

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  1. Benign VS. Malignant: Change of mass
    • B:Mobile mass
    • B:Not attached to surrounding tissue
    • M: Fixed or ulcerating mass
    • M: Attached to surrounding tissue and deeply fixed in surrounding tissue
  2. Benign VS. Malignant: Shape
    • B: Smooth and round with a surrounding fibrous capsule
    • M: Irregular shaped with no capsule
  3. Benign VS. Malignant: Cell Growth
    • B: Cell multiply slowly
    • M: Cell multiply rapidly
  4. Benign VS. Malignant: Tumor Growth
    • B: Tumors grow by expanding and pushing away & against surrounding tissue
    • M: Tumors grow by invading and destroying
    • surrounding tissue
  5. Benign VS. Malignant: Metastasis
    • B: Never spread to other sites (metastasized)
    • M: Almost always spread to other sites if not removed or destroyed.
  6. Benign VS. Malignant: Mode of Growth
    • B: Remains localized
    • M: Infiltrates surrounding tissue
  7. Benign VS. Malignant: Capsule
    • B: Encapsulated
    • M: Not encapsulated
  8. Benign VS. Malignant: Cell characteristic
    • B: Well differentiated mature cells, cell function poorly
    • M: Poorly differentiated (anaplastic type)
  9. Benign VS. Malignant: Effect of neoplasm
    • B: Not harmful to host
    • M: Always harmful
  10. Benign VS. Malignant: Prognosis
    • B: Very good
    • M: Poor
  11. A cancer that develops in the tissues that support and connect the body. It can occur in fat, muscle nerves, tendons, joints, blood vessels or lymph vessels
  12. Cancer that arises from epithelial cells
  13. Ca that begins in the lymph nodes and immune system tissue
  14. Ca that arises in the thyroid , pituitary gland, adrenal glands and other glandular tissue
  15. ABCDE of moles
    • Asymmetry
    • Color changes
    • Diameter bigger than 5mm
    • Evolving
  16. a cancer staging system that describes the extent of Ca in a patient’s body.
  17. TNM Classification of Malignant
    • T describes the size of the tumor and whether it has invaded nearby tissue
    • N describes regional lymph nodes that are involved
    • M describes distant metastasis (spread of cancer from one body part to another)
  18. indicates the size and direct extent of the primary tumor
  19. indicates the degree to which the cancer has spread to nearby lymph nodes
    N (0-3)
  20. indicates whether the cancer has metastasized to other organs in the body
    M (0-1)
  21. Small tumor that has not spread to lymph nodes or distant organs may be staged as
    (T1, N0, M0)
Card Set
Cancer 2.0
Long Quiz #2
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