Aperture 3 Study Guide

  1. What is the function of the Aperture library?
    The Aperture library is a container where your images are stored and every project album, image, and adjustment is tracked. The Library inspector display your organizational hierarchy. It can contain projects, albums, folders, books, web galleries and web journals
  2. Identify the three main window layouts, along with the keyboard shortcut used to cycle through these layouts?
    The Browser, Viewer, and split view are the three main window layouts. The V key can be used to cycle through the three views
  3. How can you completely remove an image from the Aperture library and Mac’s HD?
    To Completely remove an image from the Aperture library and a Mac HD, you must press Command-Delete in Aperture and then choose Empty Trash from the Aperture Menu. You must empty Mac’s Trash.
  4. How do you enable and disable a flag attached to an image?
    To enable or disable a flag attached to an image, click in the upper-right corner of the image’s thumbnail.
  5. What happens when you choose ***** from the pop-up menu in the Aperture Search field?
    Aperture sifts the Browser to show you only the images in your library that you’ve given 5-star ratings.
  6. Where will you find the Aperture adjustment controls?
    The adjustment controls are found in the Adjustment inspector and the Adjustments pane of the Inspector HUD.Image Upload 1 Image Upload 2
  7. How does time adjustment work?
    Time adjustment uses the camera time zone as a starting point and creates an adjusted time zone based on where a photo was shot
  8. How can keywording help you?
    Key-wording can be used in addition to the info that’s embedded in an image to differentiate between images. This will allow you to create useful searches that can quickly find images inside a project or an entire library?
  9. How do you let Aperture know that you do not want to import specific images in the Import Bowser?
    In the image browser, checkboxes are selected to identify images that will be imported. You can deselect a checkbox on images that you do not want Aperture to import
  10. How would you show only those images in the Bowser that were taken on a specific day, month and year?
    Use the Filter HUD in the browser to filter images based on IPTC Core or EXIF metadata, including when the image was taken.
  11. What is the difference between albums and Smart Albums?
    Albums are static groupings of images into which you manually add images. Smart Albums are dynamically updated with images with images based on filter criteria.
  12. How does Quick Preview work?
    Quick preview uses smaller image previews rather than decoding the original image files. If the generated preview isn’t available, Aperture will use the embedded JPEG, if available
  13. What is stacking
    Stacking is a way to organize a series of similar images. You can auto-stack images or stack manually. Stacking groups your images for viewing purposes; it doesn’t change where they’re stored within your Aperture Library.
  14. What info does auto-stacking use?
    Auto-stacking used the timestamp metadata.
  15. What is the pick of the stack?
    The first image in a stack is the pick of the stack.
  16. True or False: Rejecting an image adds it to the Aperture Trash
    False. Rejecting an image is just part of the rating system and does not move images into the Trash. (command+delete)
  17. How do you import a single photo from your iPhoto library into Aperture?
    Chose File>Import>iPhoto Browser. The iPhoto Browser appears and allows you to view and select individual photos in iPhoto. Choosing Import>iPhoto Library imports the entire iPhoto Library.
  18. What is GPX?
    GPX is one of the GPS track logs file types that Aperture can import. The other supported format is NMEA
  19. How do you view a map only for photos of a certain project?
    Select the project, and then click the Places button in the toolbar. Selecting the Places view in the Library inspector will show you the locations for all projects.
  20. Where do you find the menu to create a new Smart Album based on Places view?
    The “New Smart Album from View” is found in the Places Action pop-up menu in the tool strip
  21. How do you add a name to a face that has not been located by Aperture?
    Select an image to display in the Viewer. In the toolbar, click the Name button, and in the dialog click the Add Missing Face button. Finally, type a name in the label.
  22. Describe the difference between a managed library and a referenced library.
    A managed library stores all your master images in the Aperture library. A referenced library can store master files anywhere.
  23. Which backup method backs up your master images and all the projects, metadata, and adjustments you’ve applied in the Aperture library, and which backs up only your master images?
    A vault backs up your entire Aperture library and all its items. A backup created in the import settings backs up your only images.
  24. How do you select a new location for your Aperture library?
    Choose Aperture>Preferences and indicate where you moved the library file or where you’d like to store the new library.
  25. What is the difference between using the Consolidated Masters and Relocate Masters options?
    Consolidate Masters is used to move referenced files into the Aperture library. Relocate Masters is used to move referenced files to a new location on your HD. If you use Relocate Masters on a file that is stored within the Aperture library, that file becomes a referenced file.
  26. What happens to referenced files when you back up using file vault?
    Nothing. Referenced files are not included in vaults. only managed files, projects, and other library items, metadata and adjustments are included in the vault.
  27. How do you reset the entire Adjustments inspector after applying a preset?
    From the Adjustment Action pop-up menu, choose Reset All Adjustments
  28. If a graph is cut off at the right edge of the histogram, what does this indicate?
    Highlights are being clipped and causing a loss of detail
  29. Where would you adjust the exact pixel width and height for the Crop tool?
    The Adjustments inspector provides numeric control over precise width and height of the Crop tool.
  30. True or False: Adjusting the black point will also adjust your highlights.
    False, the Black Point slider adjust only your shadows, leaving your highlights unaltered.
  31. True or False: Exposure controls can be used to recover highlights in an image.
    True, Although you would more commonly use the Recover parameter controls, the Exposure parameter controls also lover your white point, thereby recovering clipped highlights.
  32. Name Two of the three ways you can select another project while in Full Screen view.
    The three ways to select projects in Full Screen view are using the Library Path Navigator pop-up menu at the top of the Browser, from the Library tab inspector HUD, or selecting Projects in the top left of the Browser to see the Projects view.
  33. How does adjusting the Highlights and Shadows controls affect an image?
    If you drag the Highlights slider to the right, the bright areas of your image will get darker. If you drag the Shadows slider to the right, the dark areas of your image will get darker.
  34. How do you adjust the highlights or shadows without impacting the mid-tones, black point or white point in the Levels adjustments?
    Enabling the Quarter-Tone controls in the Levels adjustments will display sliders for highlights and shadows.
  35. True or False: Black-and-White filters from the Presets menu cannot be changed after they are applied.
    False. The filters can be adjusted using the Black & White adjustment brick that is applied when you select a Black & White filter preset.
  36. Are stacks required to use the compare feature?
    No, stacks are not required. The compare feature uses a select compare image, outlined in green. The image immediately to the right in the filmstrip view is then chosen as the first image you want to examine next to the compare image.
  37. When editing with an external editor, what file does Aperture send to the external application?
    Aperture creates a new master file, which is sent to the external application. You choose to create a PSD or TIFF format file in 8- or 16-bit resolution.
  38. What does the Add Point button do in Curves adjustment?
    The Add Point button can be used to select a point on the image, which is them mapped to the curve editor to place a curve point.
  39. What’s the functional difference between the White Balance and Tint controls?
    The White Balance control makes uniform adjustments to all tonal values in an image. The Tint Controls can selectively neutralize color casts that affect only the shadows, midtones, or highlights.
  40. Can curves be used to correct white balance issues?
    Curves can adjust both luminance and color. Because it can adjust individual RGB color channels, you could use it correct white balance issues.
  41. True or False: It’s impossible to adjust the hue, saturation, and luminance of a color that does no appear in the Color controls.
    False. You can use the Color eyedropper to identify any image hue that needs adjusting.
  42. Name Two of the three places you can access quick brushes.
    You can access Quick Brushes in the Adjustments Inspector’s Adjustment pop-up menu, from the Quick Brush pop-up menu in the tool strip, and from the toolbar in Full Screen view.
  43. What is the major difference between the Repair brush and the clone brush?
    The Repair brush copies pixels from one area (the source) and paints it over the destination area. The Repair Brush then performs an additional stop, attempting to blend the tones and colors of the copied area to match the destination area, whilre preserving the original source texture. The Clone Brush is a straight copy/paste from one area of an image onto another area. Unlike the Repair Brush, the Clone brush does not blend pixels in the area surrounding the brush stroke.
  44. What two brushes does Aperture offer for cleaning up brush strokes?
    Aperture has two tools for cleaning up brush strokes: the Eraser tool is used to remove stray or errant strokes; the Feather tool is used to create gentler blends along the edges of a stroke.
  45. If you wanted to darken your image but retain the highlights, is Polarize or Burn the better Quick Brush to use? Explain your answer.
    Polarize would be the better Quick Brush to use. The Polarize brush darkens the shadows and midtones, making the color in those areas much richer. It leaves highlights unaltered. Burn darkens the highlights, midtones, and shadows of an image.
  46. True or False: Only brushes creates from the Adjustments inspector are nondestructive. Quick brushes create new 16-bit TIFF or PSD format master files.
    False. All adjustments and brushes in Aperture are nondestructive. Master files are created only when you use and external editor.
  47. What is the benefit of working with a RAW file compared to a JPEG file?
    RAW files retain more detail and dynamic range and offer more flexibility for image editing than JPEG files
  48. If you were using a JPEG file, where would you access the Edge Sharpening controls?
    Edge sharpening for JPEG files can be applied only by using the Edge Sharpening adjustment from the Adjustments menu.
  49. True or False: RAW files are the same size as JPEG files, but RAW files provide more details in the highlights and shadows.
    False, RAW files do provide more detail in the highlights and shadows, but they are much larger than JPEG files.
  50. If you find that all RAW images from the same camera need the same adjustments, how can you apply the adjustments you make to a single image to all RAW images from that camera?
    When you’ve completed your adjustments, choose Save As Camera Default.
  51. Why would you choose to use a slideshow preset over a slideshow album?
    Slideshow presets are a perfect solution if you want to quickly create a slideshow that you don’t need to save or export for later use, or when you want to manually change slides; for instance, when using slides as talking points during a presentation.
  52. What two themes could you choose if you wanted to customize the transitions between slides?
    The Classic theme and the Ken Burns theme have the most options. THey are the only two themes that allow you to modify transitions.
  53. What is the difference between changing Transition type in the Default Settings pand and changing the Transition type in the Selected Slides pane?
    The Default Settings are global settings that affect every slide in the slideshow. Select Slides settings affect only the slides that are selected in the Browser.
  54. What happens when you drag an audio file directly onto a slide?
    Dragging an audio file to a slide in the Browser adds a secondary audio track. Dragging an audio file to the gray area of the Browser adds it to the main audio track.
  55. True or False: Slideshows that are exported to YouTube from Aperture are uploaded directly to the website.
    False. Slideshow movie files exported form Aperture are placed in the Aperture Slideshows folder, in the Pictures Folder. The files are not uploaded automatically. You must upload the movie files using QuickTime or directly to the YouTube website.
  56. Of the three photo sharing web services built into the Aperture toolbar (MobileMe, Facebook, and Flickr), which service allows you to control who can view your photos?
    All three services allow you to set who can view your photos.
  57. If you upload images from iPhoto to a MobileMe gallery album created by Aperture, will Aperture download the images uploaded by iPhoto?
    Yes, Aperture can check to see whether new images or entirely new albums have been uploaded to you gallery form other sources such as iPhoto, an iPhone, or a web browser. It can then download the new images or albums to the MobileMe section os the Library inspector.
  58. How do you first assign a theme to a web journal?
    Choose New>Web Journal to display the Web Journal dialog with a few setup options, including a list of themes that you can apply.
  59. How can you place a short descriptive sentence under each photo?
    First, write a descriptive sentence for each image in the Caption metadata field. Then in the Webpage Editor, select a metadata view that contains the Caption field.
  60. What publishing options are available for web journals?
    You can publish web journals to your MobileMe account or export the pages for loading to a server of your choice.
  61. Describe two ways auto-flow works to place images on pages.
    The Auto-flow feature can very quickly place all the images, or just the images you select, from the browser into the empty photo boxes of your book.
  62. Can Keywords be embedded into a master image?
    Yes, any IPTC metadata you’ve prepared in Aperture can be written into the masters you deliver by choosing Metadata>Include IPTC in the Export window. You can also write IPTC metadata into the original master images by choosing Metadata>Write IPTC Metadata to masters.
  63. How can you tell how many times an image appears in a book?
    In the Browser you’ll see that every picture placed in a book has a red badge in the upper right containing a number to indicate how many times the image appears in the book.
  64. True or False: An exported master contains all the edits and adjustments you’ve made to an image in Aperture.
    False. Exported masters are virtually identical copies of the images you originally imported into Aperture, which means that they contain none of the changes you may have made using the various image manipulation tools.
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Aperture 3 Study Guide
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