SOC101 Ch 12

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  1. Animism
    the belief that plants, animals, or other elements of the natural world are endowed with spirits or life forces having an effect on events in society.
  2. church
    a large, bureaucratically organized religious organization that tends to seek accommodation with the larger society in order to maintain some degree of control over it.
  3. civil religion
    the set of beliefs, rituals, and symbols that makes sacred the values of the society and places the nation in the context of the ultimate system of meaning.
  4. credentialism
    a process of social selection in which class advantage and social status are linked to the possession of academic qualifications.
  5. cult
    a religious group with practices and teachings outside the dominant cultural and religious traditions of a society.
  6. cultural capital
    Pierre Bourdieu’s term for people’s social assets, including values, beliefs, attitudes, and competencies in language and culture.
  7. denomination
    a large, organized religion characterized by accommodation to society but frequently lacking in ability or intention to dominate society.
  8. ecclesia
    a religious organization that is so integrated into the dominant culture that it claims as its membership all members of a society.
  9. education
    the social institution responsible for the systematic transmission of knowledge, skills, and cultural values within a formally organized structure.
  10. hidden curriculum
    the transmission of cultural values and attitudes, such as conformity and obedience to authority, through implied demands found in rules, routines, and regulations of schools.
  11. profane
    the everyday, secular, or “worldly” aspects of life.
  12. religion
    a system of beliefs, symbols, and rituals, based on some sacred or supernatural realm, that guides human behavior, gives meaning to life, and unites believers into a community.
  13. sacred
    those aspects of life that are extraordinary or supernatural.
  14. sect
    a relatively small religious group that has broken away from another religious organization to renew what it views as the original version of the faith.
  15. secularization
    the process by which religious beliefs, practices, and institutions lose their significance in sectors of society and culture.
  16. tracking
    the assignment of students to specific courses and educational programs based on their test scores, previous grades, or both.
Card Set
SOC101 Ch 12
Vocabulary terms from sociology textbook chapter 12
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