Social Work Definitions

  1. Social Services
    Personal or community services provided to help individuals and families improve their social well being
  2. Income Security
    Financial or material assistance provided to increase the income or other resources of individuals and families
  3. Social Policies
    The rules and regulations, laws and other administrative directives that set the framework for social welfare activity
  4. Social Programs
    Specific initiatives that implement social welfare policy
  5. Public Welfare
    services provided by all three levels of government
  6. Private Welfare
    services provided by non profit and for profit organizations
  7. Residual View
    social welfare should be limited response when all else fails
  8. Institutional View
    Social welfare should seek to provide reasonable standards of living for all citizens
  9. Structural Approach
    Social welfare should help people in need, and expose and seek to change the underlying inequalities in society that cause these problems
  10. Low Income Cut Offs (LICOs)
    measure of the poverty rate in Canada ; based on average household spending on necessities, and varies according to region & family size
  11. Low Income Measure (LIM)
    Measure of poverty used for international comparisons based on one half of the median income of a country
  12. Market Basket Measure (MBM)
    Proposed poverty measure based on the cost of consumption rather than income
  13. Ideologies
    a broad set of ideas, values, beliefs & attitudes held by a particular person or group that shapes that individual's or group's way of thinking & acting
  14. Social Welfare
    way people, communities & institutions in a society take action to provide certain minimum standards & opportunities and to help people face contingencies ; INCLUDES SOCIAL SERVICES & INCOME SECURITY
  15. Social Safety Net
    Network of laws,policies & programs currently in place around the country through which the Canadian state creates opportunities for individuals experiencing difficulties to get back on their feet
  16. Social Change Mandate
    calls for social workers to work in solidarity with those who are disadvantage or excluded from society, as to eliminate the barriers inequities & injustices that exist in society
  17. Social Insurance
    a type of income security program in which participants make regular payments into a fund, from which they receive benefits if the risk covered by the insurance occurs
  18. Selective Programs
    target benefits aimed to those determined to be in need or eligible based on a means test
  19. Universal Programs
    Social Welfare programs that are equally available to all citizens within a specific category such as age or disability, regardless of need or financial situation
  20. Social Union Framework Agreement (SUFA)
    1999 ; between the government of Canada & the provinces & territories is the umbrella under which governments concentrate to renew & modernize Canadian social policy
  21. Private Charities
    An early approach to social work -- private individuals & religious organizations that provided material relief to the poor
  22. Poor Relief
    poor laws signaled an important progression from private charity to public welfare, where the care and supervision of the poor was embodied in law & the responsibility of each town or village
  23. Deserving Poor
    people who were poor through no fault of their own ; considered to be of good moral character
  24. Undeserving Poor
    people who were perceived to be poor because they are lazy, or morality degenerate ; not deserving of charity
  25. Settlement House Movement
    A movement that began in late 1900 ; those in upper & middle classes lived w/ the poor and advocated for better working conditions
  26. Social Survey Research
    an early method of research used to highlight the extent of poverty & inequality in Canadian cities
  27. Scientific Philanthropy
    An early approach to social work that rejected moral judgement and encouraged a "scientific" assessment of human behaviour & approach to finding solutions
  28. Casework
    Use of systemic methods of investigation, assessment & decision making in social work pratice
  29. Diagnostic Approach
    Emphasizes an understanding of an individual's problem by reference to casual events in his/her early life
  30. Functional Approach
    Based on the belief in the potential of individuals to determine their own direction
  31. Great Depression
    A worldwide economic downturn that originated in the US with the stock market crash  of Oct. 29, 1929.
  32. Individual Level Theories
    Theories that focus on individuals and their interactions
  33. Structural Level Theories
    Theories that emphasize social structures, processes and systems & how they shape people's experiences
  34. Strengths Based Theory
    individual level approach that focuses on personal strengths & assets
  35. Feminist Social Work Pratice
    women-centered approach that strives to understand particular experiences of oppression in relationships and the broader society
  36. Anti-Racist Social Work
    Focuses specifically on how racism affects the lives of people of colour
  37. Psychodynamic Perspective
    Diagnostic approaches to social work that focus on internal sources for individual problems -- based off freud
  38. Diagnostic & Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder (DSM)
    lists all mental health disorders for children & adults, along with known causes, statistics & prognosis
  39. Canadian Association of Social Workers (CASW)
    national, professional organization of social worker
  40. Canadian Association for Social Work Education (CASWE)
    voluntary organization of universities & colleges offering social work and social service workers programs in Canada
  41. International Federation of Social Workers (IASSW)
    international organization for social work professionals based in Switzerland -- promotes social work as a profession &  links social workers together
  42. Integrated Service Delivery
    team based & client focused model. This approach enables people to access services in one location, but from a variety of service providers
  43. Code of Ethics,2005
    lays out a set of six guiding principles that form the basis of ethical pratice
  44. Voluntary Clients
    people who have chosen to seek the services of a social worker
  45. Involuntary Clients
    clients who are legally obligated to accept services (i.e. prisoners on parole)
  46. Keynesians
    economic social spending helps economic recovery ; enhances productivity & keeps labor market flexible
  47. Social Work Pratice
    work consisting of a series/process of interventionist actions that benefit to those in need
  48. Termination
    Part of final stage of social work process, ending the client-worker relationship (ideally when the action plan is completed & client's goals have been met
  49. Task Centered Model
    short term therapy with a measurable outcome & proven effectiveness ; based on the assumption that people experiencing particular problems typically have the resources & motivation to resolve them
  50. Structural Approach
    an approach to practice that focuses on the impact of wider social structures on personal problems & involves critical analysis of social-economic structures that oppress & exploit people
  51. Social Systems Theory
    theory that places the individual w/in a series of independent systems
  52. Social Work Theory
    An organized way of thinking about the world that guides the way we carry out social work practice
  53. Social Gospel Movements
    movement directed towards more socially orientated church(es) ; advocated for improved living & working conditions
  54. Reflection - Action - Reflection
    process by which a social worker continually thinks things through while acting on a problem at hand ; always acts in consultation with the client
  55. Planning
    • - part of the 2nd stage of social work process
    • - refers to development of a plan of action
  56. Public Sector Unions
    unions that represent any government employees;
  57. Rational Emotive Psychotherapy
    earliest form of cognitive behavior approach to social work practice ; personal problems are understood to be the result of irrational patterns of thinking & the dysfunctional behaviors that happens as a result
  58. Narrative Therapy
    therapy that uses the power of storytelling to make sense of experiences & problems
  59. Mindfulness-based Interventions
    Mindfulness is a way of paying attention, on purpose to the present moment in a non-judgmental way
  60. Welfare State
    a system whereby the state supposedly undertakes to protect the health and well being of its citizens
  61. Minimum Income
    monetary assistance to those with no other source of income ; geared to those in poverty & quantity of assistance tends to be determined by minimum amount necessary to meet basic needs
  62. Anti-oppressive Practice (AOP)
    approach to practice which argues that a person's environment shapes his or her individual experience and can be the source of significant problems
  63. Critical Social Work
    an approach to social work that focuses on the impact of wider social structures on personal problems ; contributes to transformation of everyday life
  64. Client or Person-centered Perspective
    approach based on the idea that clients are the experts of their problems, clients are viewed as "wholes" and simply not in terms of their diagnoses
  65. Cognitive Behavioral Approaches
    approaches which provide practitioners with more practical, time limited approaches with clear practice guidelines
  66. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
    short term approach that views behaviours as learned & shaped by our interpretations of the world
  67. Community Access Centre
    Centralized location where citizens can access a variety of services
  68. Ambiguity of Social Work
    the dilemmas faced by social workers within the social work relationship. Although social workers are helpers, they are also expected to enforce rules & regulations in the helping relationship of the client
  69. Clinical Social Work
    initially equated with casework and psychotherapy ; encompasses a varied range of approaches and is not wedded to one theoretical perspective
  70. Assessment
    part of the second stage of social work process ;  involves developing an understanding of the presented problem
  71. Case Worker
    traditional notion of a social worker with the sole function of applying the practice of social work
  72. Canada Health & Social Transfer
    federal legislation that combined federal funding for health, post secondary education & welfare are transferred a designated amount of money based on population size to each province
  73. Canada Assistance Plan
    Federal legislation, requires the federal government to fund half the cost of social programs undertaken by provinces
  74. Canada Social Transfer (CST)
    federal block transfer payment made to each Canadian province/territory to assist them in paying for education, social assistance & social services
  75. Charity Organization Society (COS)
    Social Welfare agencies established late 1800s, that used a scientific charity approach to study the needs of individuals & families
  76. Direct Social Work
    involves working direct with people as individuals  ; direct face to face way
  77. Gestalt Therapy
    existentialist approach to social work practice which argues that a unified whole is more significant than the sum of its parts & often focuses on relationships
  78. Demogrants
    universal flat-rate payments made to individualist or households solely on the basis of demographic characteristics
  79. Functional Theory
    based on personality psychology,  seeks to enhance social functioning in individuals
  80. Freudian Thought
    A body of thought based on the theories of Freud, which considers the person's psychological makeup the source of their problems
  81. Empowerment
    sens that people can create & take action on their own behalf to meet their physical, spiritual & psychological needs
  82. Food Banks
    Programs & centers that provide groceries to individuals & families that cannot make ends meet
  83. Feeding Programs
    Programs that provide meals to individuals in many contexts
  84. Economic Globalization
    growing integration & expansion of global markets for goods, services and finances -- latest stage of development of advanced capitalist economies
  85. Global Social Welfare
    in this era of globalization, traditional concerns of social welfare practitioners in addressing the immediate needs of their clients are broadened to include a concern for global human rights
  86. Existential Therapies
    Therapies based on the 19th century philosophy of existentialism ; employs the notion that human beings must create meaning & purpose in our lives to guide our existence
  87. Eclectic Approach
    an approach to practice that involves the selection of concepts & methods as deemed appropriate but does not attempt to unify/integrate the pieces
  88. Dialectical Approach
    an approach to practice that involves the synthesis or combination of opposing assertions within theories thereby taking a balanced middle road
  89. Evaluation
    part of the final stage of social work process ; is aimed at determining whether the goals & needs of the client are being met by identifying the rationale for actions chosen
  90. Evidence - based Pratice
    an approach which asks social workers to locate empirical studies to determine how to best relate to a situation presented by a client
  91. Indirect Social Work
    social work of benefit to those in need, BUT with organizations that advocate,research, plan & implement social services --ie. organizations that advocate for and with people in need
  92. Income Supplementation
    programs that supplement income that is obtained elsewhere, whether through paid employment or through other income security programs
  93. Integrative Approach
    an approach to practice that involves selecting concepts and methods from various sources & theories & building a unified system that is appropriate for the particular work
  94. Intake
    intake is the first step taken by a worker when a client seeks help ; process whereby a request for service is made by or for a person
  95. Intervention
    the third step of the social work process,  is when the social worker or the client enact the plan developed during the assessment & planning stage
  96. Helping Relationship
    The relationship between a client & a professional social worker, in which the client should exhibit warmth, empathy and genuineness toward the client
  97. Person in the enviornment
    approach that goes beyond internal or psychological factors to examine the relationship between the individuals & their environment
  98. Monetarists
    Advocates of an economic theory that asserts that government should keep inflation in check by controlling the supply of money though interest rates
  99. Problem Solving Process
    identifies the problem & formulate possible plans of action
  100. Workfare
    provincial welfare programs that require applicants to work as a term of eligibility
Card Set
Social Work Definitions
Social Work Definitions