SPK208 Final

  1. attitude towards topic and can be hostile, sympathetic or neutral
    audience disposition
  2. hostile?
    very hard to persuade
  3. sympathetic?
    already agree with you
  4. neutral
    not going one way or another
  5. a single sentence that conveys the topic and purpose of the speech
  6. what to consider when choosing a topic?
    • assignment
    • audience
    • focus on knowledge and interests
  7. 3 steps in selecting main points?
    • consider your purpose
    • take audience into account
    • select appropriate number
  8. examples of supporting materials?
    • definitions
    • testimony
    • statistics
  9. deals with location, direction or geography
    spatial pattern
  10. time based sequence, beginning to end
    temporal (chronological pattern)
  11. explains a cause and effect relationship
    causal pattern
  12. organized around similarities and differences
    comparison pattern
  13. used in persuasive speeches
  14. has 2 main points
    criteria-application pattern
  15. speech organized as a story
    narrative pattern
  16. use with diverse set of main points
    categorical pattern
  17. words or phrase that connects an idea or speech part to another
  18. words/phrases that aid in organization and direction
  19. short list of ideas that will follow
    internal preview
  20. a quick review of subpoint main point
    internal summary
  21. elements of intro?
    • attention getter
    • thesis
    • WIIFM
    • statement of credibility
    • preview of main points
  22. elements of conclusion?
    • summarize main points
    • clincher
  23. highs and lows of voice
  24. loudness or softness of speakers voice
  25. how quickly or slowly you speak
  26. sending ones voice out to audience
  27. refers to crispness of words
  28. accepted way to say words
  29. leaving strategic gaps of silence between words and sentences
  30. look into eyes of audience, panning technique
    eye contact
  31. movements of hands and arms
  32. how much or how little speaker moves
    physical movement
  33. use of space and distance between speaker and listener
  34. refers to clothes and importance of initial impression
    personal appearance
  35. 4 types of reasoning?
    • example
    • comparison
    • causal
    • sign
  36. faulty reasoning
  37. assuming something is true bc many people believe it is true
    Ad populum fallacy
  38. basing a conclusion on limited or unrepresentative examples
    hasty generalization
  39. assumption since 1 event followed another
    post hoc fallacy
  40. distracts the listener, argues against a policy
    slippery slope fallacy
  41. claiming only 2 choices
    false dilemma fallacy
  42. if its not broke, don't fix it
    appeal to tradition
  43. types of special occasion speeches?
    • introduction
    • presentation
    • acceptance
    • eulogy
    • celebrate
  44. influence audience by their?
    • beliefs
    • attitude
    • actions
  45. process of selecting the best arguments that will most likely persuade audience
    strategic discourse
  46. 3 types of claims
    • fact
    • value
    • policy
  47. range of positions on a given issue that are acceptable
    latitude of acceptance
  48. set of positions that are unacceptable
    latitude of rejection
  49. choose main points that are most persuasive to your audience
    persuasive strategies
  50. when you push too hard and the listener opposes your idea more strongly
    boomerang effect
  51. objects they desire and feelings that must be satisfied
  52. consider what when analyzing audience?
  53. 2 types of beliefs?
    • core beliefs
    • peripheral beliefs
  54. held close for many years
    core beliefs
  55. more recently acquired, not held closely
    peripheral beliefs
  56. types of informative speeches?
    • dictionary
    • expert
    • etymological
    • functional
  57. audience characteristics?
    • size
    • time
    • location
    • mobility
    • age
    • gender
    • race
    • religious
Card Set
SPK208 Final
Final exam study guide