1. prompt
    quick; on time; done at once; to cause (someone) to do something; remind (someone) of the words or actions needed

    • Be prompt in assembling* your baggage.*
    • Terry's caution* prompted him to ask many questions before he consented.*
    • Larry was confident* he knew his lines well enough not to need any prompting.
  2. hasty
    quick; hurried; not well thought out

    • A hasty glance* convinced him that he was being followed.
    • Rather than make a hasty decision, Mr. Torres rejected* the offer.
    • Myra apologized* for the hasty visit.
  3. scorch
    burn slightly; dry up; criticize sharply

    • The hot iron scorched the tablecloth.
    • Farmers reported that their wheat was being scorched by the fierce* rays of the sun.
    • Mr. Regan gave the class a scorching lecture* on proper behavior in the cafeteria.
  4. tempest
    violent* storm with much wind; a violent disturbance

    • The tempest drove the ship on the rocks.
    • Following the weather report of the approaching* tempest, we were prompted* to seek immediate shelter.
    • When Mr. Couche saw that a tempest was brewing over the issue, he hastily* called a meeting.
  5. soothe
    quiet; calm; comfort

    • With an embrace,* the mother soothed the hurt child.
    • Heat soothes some aches; cold soothes others.
    • Rosalie's nerves were soothed by the soft music.
  6. sympathetic
    having or showing kind feelings toward others; approving; enjoying the same things and getting along well together

    • Judge Cruz was sympathetic to the lawyer's plea* for mercy.
    • Father was fortunately* sympathetic to my request to use the car on weekends.
    • We were all sympathetic to Suzanne over her recent* misfortune.*
  7. redeem
    buy back; pay off; carry out; set free; make up for

    • The property on which money has been lent is redeemed when the loan is paid back.
    • My family was relieved* to hear that the mortgage had been redeemed.
    • Mr. Franklin promptly* redeemed his promise to help us in time of need.
  8. resume
    begin again; go on; take again

    • Resume reading where we left off.
    • Those standing may resume their seats.
    • The violinist resumed playing after the intermission.
  9. harmony
    situation of getting on well together or going well together; sweet or musical sound

    • We hoped the incident would not disrupt* the harmony that existed between the brothers.
    • I am sympathetic* to Warren because his plans are in harmony with mine.
    • We responded* to the harmony of the song by humming along
  10. Refrain
    hold back

    • Refrain from making hasty* promises.
    • Milo could not refrain from laughing at the jest.*
    • If you want to be heard, you must refrain from mumbling.*
  11. illegal
    not lawful; against the law

    • It is illegal to reveal* the names of juvenile* delinquents.*
    • Bigamy* is illegal in the United States.
    • Mr. Worthington's illegal stock manipulations* led to his jail sentence.
  12. narcotic
    drug that produces drowsiness, sleep, dullness, or an insensible condition, and lessens pain by dulling the nerves

    • Opium is a powerful narcotic.
    • We do not have adequate* knowledge of the narcotic properties of these substances.
    • The doctor prescribed a narcotic medicine to soothe* the patient's suffering.
  13. heir
    person who has a right to someone's property after that one dies; person who inherits anything

    • Though Mr. Sloane is the heir to a gold mine, he lives like a miser.*
    • The monarch* died before he could name an heir to the throne.
    • It is essential* that we locate the rightful heir at once.
  14. majestic
    grand; noble; dignified; kingly

    • The lion is the most majestic creature of the jungle.
    • In Greek mythology,* Mt. Olympus was the majestic home of the gods.
    • The graduates marched into the auditorium to the music of the majestic symphony.
  15. dwindle
    become smaller and smaller; shrink

    • Our supply of unpolluted* water has dwindled.
    • With no visible* signs of their ship, hopes for the men's safety dwindled with each passing hour.
    • After the furious tempest,* the dwindling chances of finding the raft vanished* entirely.
  16. surplus
    amount over and above what is needed; excess, extra

    • The bank keeps a large surplus of money in reserve.
    • Surplus wheat, cotton, and soybeans are shipped abroad.*
    • as a surplus of good things.
  17. traitor
    person who betrays his or her country, a friend, duty, etc.

    • The patriot* sneered* when asked to stand on the same platform with the man who was accused of being a traitor.
    • No villain* is worse than a traitor who betrays* his country.
    • Do not call him a traitor unless you can verify* the charge.
  18. deliberate
    to consider carefully; intended; done on purpose; slow and careful, as though allowing time to decide what to do

    • Rico's excuse was a deliberate lie.
    • My grandfather walks with deliberate steps.
    • Judge Sirica deliberated for a week before making his decision known.
  19. vandal
    person who willfully or ignorantly destroys or damages beautiful things

    • Adolescent* vandals wrecked the cafeteria.
    • The vandals deliberately* ripped the paintings from the wall.
    • We could scarcely* believe the damage caused by the vandals
  20. drought
    long period of dry weather; lack of rain; lack of water; dryness

    • Because of the drought, some farmers began to migrate* to more fertile* regions.
    • In time of drought, the crops become scorched.*
    • As the drought wore on, people began to grumble against those who had squandered* water when it was more plentiful.
  21. abide
    accept and follow out; remain faithful to; dwell; endure

    • The team decided unanimously* to abide by the captain's ruling.
    • Senator Ervin abided by his promise not to allow demonstrations in the committee room. My mother cannot abide dirt and vermin.*
  22. unify
    unite; make or form into one

    • The novel* traces the developments that unified the family.
    • After the Civil War our country became unified more strongly.
    • It takes a great deal of training to unify all these recruits into an efficient fighting machine.
  23. summit
    highest point; top

    • We estimated* the summit of the mountain to be twenty thousand feet.
    • Do not underestimate* Ruth's ambition to reach the summit of the acting profession.
    • The summit meeting of world leaders diminished* the threat* of war.
  24. heed
    give careful attention to; take notice of; careful attention

    • I demand that you heed what I say.
    • Florence pays no heed to what the signs say.
    • Take heed and be on guard against those who try to deceive* you.
  25. biography
    the written story of a person's life; the part of literature that consists of biographies

    • Our teacher recommended* the biography of the architect* Frank Lloyd Wright.
    • The reading of a biography gives a knowledge of people and events* that cannot always be obtained* from history books.
    • The biography of Malcolm X is a popular* book in our school.
  26. drench
    wet thoroughly; soak

    • A heavy rain drenched the campus,* and the students had to dry out their wet clothing.
    • The drenching rains resumed* after only one day of sunshine.
    • His fraternity friends tried to drench him but he was too clever for them.
  27. swarm
    group of insects flying or moving about together; crowd or great number; to fly or move about in great numbers

    • As darkness approached,* the swarms of children playing in the park dwindled* to a handful.
    • The mosquitoes swarmed out of the swamp.
    • Our campus* swarmed with new students in September.
  28. wobble
    move unsteadily from side to side

    • Little Perry thrust* his feet into the oversized shoes and wobbled over to the table.
    • A baby wobbles when it begins to walk alone.
    • Lacking experience on the high wire, the clown wobbled along until he reached the safetyofthe platform.
  29. tumult
    noise; uproar; violent* disturbance or disorder

    • The sailors' voices were too feeble* to be heard above the tumult of the storm
    • There was such a tumult in the halls we concluded* an accident had occurred.
    • The dreaded* cry of aFire!" caused a tumult in the theater.
  30. kneel
    go down on one's knees; remain on the knees

    • Myra knelt down to pull a weed from the drenched* flower bed.
    • The condemned* man knelt before the monarch* and pleaded* for mercy.
    • Kneeling over the still figure, the lifeguard tried to revive* him.
  31. dejected
    in low spirits; sad

    • His biography* related* that Edison was not dejected by failure.
    • The defeated candidate* felt dejected and scowled* when asked for an interview.
    • There is no reason to be dejected because we did not get any volunteers.*
  32. obedient
    doing what one is told.; willing to obey

    • The obedient dog came when his master beckoned.*
    • Obedient to his father's wishes, Guy did not explore* any further.
    • When parents make reasonable requests of them, the majority* of my friends are obedient.
  33. recede
    go back; move back; slope backward; withdraw

    • As you ride past in a train, you have the unique* feeling that houses and trees are receding.
    • Mr. Ranford's beard conceals* his receding chin.
    • Always cautious,* Mr. Camhi receded from his former opinion.
  34. tyrant
    cruel or unjust ruler; cruel master; absolute ruler

    • Some tyrants of Greek cities were mild and fair rulers.
    • The tyrant demanded loyalty* and obedience* from his subjects.
    • Though Ella was a tyrant as director of the play, the whole cast was grateful* to her when the final curtain came down.
  35. charity
    generous giving to the poor; institutions for helping the sick, the poor, or the helpless; kindness in judging people's faults

    • A free hospital is a noble charity.
    • The entire community is the beneficiary* of Henry's charity.
    • The hired hand was too proud to accept help or charity.
  36. verdict
    decision of a jury; judgment

    • The jury returned a verdict of guilty for the traitor.*
    • We were cautioned* not to base our verdict on prejudice.*
    • Baffled* by the verdict, the prosecutor* felt that the evidence* had been ignored.*
Card Set
504 absolutely essential words