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  1. despite
    in spite of

    • The player continued in the game despite his injuries.
    • Despite being shy, Ted signed up to audition on American Idol.
    • We won the game by a shutout despite the fact that our team got only three hits.
  2. disrupt
    upset1; cause to break down 2

    • Pam's clowning disrupted1 the class every day.
    • The storm disrupted2 the telephone lines throughout the area.
    • The collapse* of the government disrupted the services we took for granted, such as mail delivery
  3. rash
    a breaking out with many small red spots on the skin1; outbreak of many instances within a short time2: too hasty or careless3

    • a.  The report of a rash2 of burglaries in the neighborhood was exaggerated.*
    • b.  Poison ivy causes a rash1.
    • c.  It is rash3 to threaten an action you cannot carry out.
  4. rapid
    very quick; swift

    • We took a rapid walk around the camp before breakfast.
    • If you work rapidly you can complete the test in twenty minutes . 
    • The response* to the surprise attack was a rapid retreat.
  5. exhaust
    empty completely; use up; tire out

    • To exhaust the city's water supply would be a calamity.*
    • The long climb to the top of the mountain exhausted our strength.
    • If we continue to squander* our money recklessly,* our treasury will soon be exhausted.
  6. severity
    strictness1; harshness2; plainness3; violence4

    • The severity1 of the teacher was not appreciated by the pupils until they reached the final examinations.
    • The severity 2 of the Black Plague can be imagined from the fact that thirty percent of the population* died.
    • Rosita complained to the principal about the severity 3 of the punishment that the Student Court gave to her.
  7. feeble

    • We heard a feeble cry from the exhausted* child.
    • The guide* made a feeble attempt to explain why he had taken the wrong turn.
    • The feeble old man collapsed* on the sidewalk.
  8. unite
    join together; become one

    • The thirteen colonies united to form one country.
    • Matrimony* united two famous Virginia families.
    • America and Russia were united against a common enemy in World War II.
  9. cease

    • Cease trying to do more than you can.
    • The whispering in the audience ceased when the curtain went up.
    • When you cease making war, you can then begin to pacify* the small villages the enemy controls.
  10. thrifty
    saving; careful in spending; thriving

    • By being thrifty, Miss Benson managed to get along on her small income.
    • A thrifty person knows that squandering* money can lead to financial* calamity.*
    • By thrifty use of their supplies, the shipwrecked sailors were able to survive* for weeks.
  11. miserly
    stingy; like a miser

    • Being miserly with our natural resources will help us to live longer on this earth.
    • A miserly person rarely* has any friends.
    • Silas Marner abandoned* his miserly habits when Eppie came into his life.
  12. monarch
    king or queen; ruler

    • There are few modern nations that are governed by monarchs.
    • The monarchs of ancient Rome considered themselves descendants* of the gods.
    • Men sometimes believe that they are monarchs in their own homes.
  13. outlaw
    an exile1; an outcast2; a criminal3; to declare unlawful4

    • Congress has outlawed4 the sale of certain drugs.
    • The best-known outlaw3 of the American West was Jesse James.
    • An animal that is cast out by the rest of the pack is known as an outlaw1.
  14. promote
    raise in  rank or importance1; help to grow and develop2; help to organize 3

    • Students who pass the test will be promoted2 to the next grade.
    • An accurate* knowledge of other cultures will promote1 good will among people of different backgrounds.
    • Several bankers invested an enormous* sum of money to promote3 the idea.
  15. undernourished
    not sufficiently fed

    • The undernourished child was so feeble* he could hardly walk.
    • There is evidence* that even wealthy people are undernourished because they do not eat sufficient quantities* of healthful foods.
    • An infant who drinks enough milk will not be undernourished.
  16. illustrate
    make clear or explain by stories, examples, comparisons, or other means; serve as an example

    • To illustrate how the heart sends blood around the body, the teacher described how a pump works. 
    • This exhibit* will illustrate the many uses of atomic energy.
    • These stories illustrate Mark Twain's serious side.
  17. disclose
    uncover; make known

    • The lifting of the curtain disclosed a beautiful winter scene.
    • This letter discloses the source* of his fortune.
    • Samson, reclining* in the arms of Delilah, disclosed that the secret of his strength was in  his long hair.
  18. excessive
    too much; too great; extreme

    • Pollution* of the atmosphere is an excessive price to pay for so-called progress.
    • Numerous* attempts have been made to outlaw* jet planes that make excessive noise.
    • The inhabitants* of Arizona are unaccustomed* to excessive rarn.
  19. disaster
    an event that causes much suffering or loss; a great misfortune

    • The hurricane's violent* winds brought disaster to the coastal town.
    • The San Francisco earthquake and the Chicago fire are two of the greatest disasters in American history.
    • The coach considered* the captain's injury a disaster for the team.
  20. censor
    person who tells others how they ought to behave; one who changes books, plays and other works so as to make them acceptable to the government; to make changes in

    • Some governments, national and local, censor books.
    • The censor felt that fiction* as well as other books should receive the stamp of approval before they were put on sale.
    • Any mention of the former prime minister was outlawed* by the censor.
  21. culprit
    offender; person guilty of a fault or crime

    • Who is the culprit who has eaten all the strawberries?
    • The police caught the culprit with the stolen articles in  his car.
    • In the Sherlock Holmes story, the culprit turned out to be a snake.
  22. juvenile
    young; youthful; of or for boys and girls; a young person

    • My sister is known in the family as a juvenile delinquent.*
    • Paula is still young enough to wear juvenile fashions.
    • Ellen used to devour* "Cinderella" and other stories for juveniles.
  23. bait
    anything, especially food, used to attract fish or other animals so that they may be caught; anything used to tempt or attract a person to begin something he or she does not wish to do; to put bait on (a hook) or in (a trap); torment by unkind or annoying remarks

    • The secret of successful trout fishing is finding the right bait.
    • How can you expect to bait Mike into running for the class presidency when he has already refused every appeal?*
    • Eddie is a good hunter because he knows the merit* of each kind of bait for the different animals.
  24. insist
    keep firmly to some demand, statement, or position

    • Mother insists that we do our homework before we start sending e-mails.
    • She insisted that Sal was not jealous* of his twin brother.
    • The doctor insisted that Marian get plenty of rest after the operatio
  25. toil
    hard work; to work hard; move with difficulty 

    • The feeble* old man toiled up the hill.
    • After years of toil, scientists disclosed* that they had made progress in controlling the dreaded* disease.
    • Despite* all his toil, Fred never succeeded in  reaching his goal.
  26. blunder
    stupid mistake; to make a stupid mistake; stumble; say clumsily

    • The exhausted* boy blundered through the woods.
    • Bert's awkward* apology* could not make up for his serious blunder.
    • The general's blunder forced his army to a rapid* retreat
  27. daze

    • The severity* of the blow dazed the fighter and led to his defeat.
    • When he ventured* out of the house at night, the child was dazed by the noise and the lights.
    • Dazed by the flashlight, Maria blundered* down the steps.
  28. mourn
    grieve; feel or show sorrow for

    • Sandra did not cease* to mourn for john Lennon.
    • The entire city mourned for the people lost in the calamity.*
    • We need not mourn over trifles.*
  29. subside
    sink to a lower level; grow less

    • After the excessive* rains stopped, the flood waters subsided.
    • The waves subsided when the winds ceased* to blow.
    • Danny's anger subsided when the culprit* apologized.*
  30. maim
    cripple; disable; cause to lose an arm, leg, or other part ofthe body

    • Auto accidents maim many persons each year.
    • Though he went through an awesome* experience in the crash, Fred was not seriously maimed.
    • Car manufacturers insist* that seat belts can prevent the maiming of passengers in the event of a crash.
  31. comprehend

    • If you can use a word correctly, there is a good chance that you comprehend it.
    • You need not be a pauper* to comprehend fully what hunger is.
    • My parents say that they cannot comprehend today's music.
  32. commend
    praise; hand over for safekeeping

    • Everyone commended the mayor's thrifty* suggestion.
    • Florence commended the baby to her aunt's care.
    • The truth is that we all like to be commended for good work.
  33. final
    coming last; deciding

    • The final week of the term is rapidly* approaching.
    • Jose was commended* for his improvement in the final test.
    • The final censor* of our actions is our own conscience.
  34. exempt
    make free from; freed from

    • Our school exempts bright pupils from final* exams.
    • School property is exempt from most taxes.
    • Juvenile* offenders are not exempt from punishment.
  35. vain
    having too much pride in one's ability, looks, etc.; of no use

    • Josephine is quite vain about her beauty.
    • To be perfectly frank, I do not see what she has to be vain about.
    • Brian made numerous* vain attempts to reach the doctor by telephone.
  36. repetition
    act of doing or saying again

    • The repetition of new words in this book will help you to learn them.
    • Any repetition of such unruly* behavior will be punished.
    • After a repetition of his costly mistake, Jerry was fired from his job.
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