Chapter 8

  1. Cabinet
    formal body of presidential advisors who head the 15 executive departments. President often adds others to his body of formal advisors
  2. Executive Agreement
    formal government agreement entered into by the President that does not require the advice and consent of the U.S. Senate
  3. Executive Office of the President (EOP)
    establishment created in 1939 to help the President oversee the Executive branch bureaucracy
  4. Executive Order
    rule or regulation issued by the President that has the effect of law. All Executive orders must be published in the Federal Registrar
  5. Executive Privilege
    an implied presidential power that allows the President to refuse to disclose information regarding the confidential conversations or national security to Congress or the Judiciary
  6. Impeachment
    • power delegated to the House in the Constitution to charge the President, Vice President, or other Civil Officers including Federal Judges w/ treason, bribery, or
    • other high crimes and misdemeanors
  7. Inherent Powers
    powers that belong to the National government simply because it’s a sovereign state.
  8. Line-item Veto
    • authority of a chief executive to delete part of a bill passed by legislature that
    • involves taxing or spending. The legislature may override a veto usually with a
    • 2/3’s majority of each chamber
  9. New Deal
    • name given to the program of “Relief, Recovery, Reform.” Begun by Franklin D. Roosevelt
    • in 1933 to bring U.S. out of the Great Depression
  10. Office of Management and Budget (OMB)
    • prepares Presidents annual budget proposal,
    • reviews the budget and programs of the executive departments, supplies economic
    • forecasts and conducts detailed analyses of proposed bills and agency rules
  11. Pardon
    authority of a government to cancel someone’s conviction of a crime by a court to eliminate all sanctions and punishments resulting from conviction
  12. 25th Amendment (1967)
    established procedures for filling vacancies in the office of President and Vice President as well as providing for procedures to deal with the disability of a president
  13. 22nd Amendment (1951)
    prevents a president from serving more than 2 terms/10 years.
  14. United States v. Nixon (1974)
    key Supreme Court ruling on power of the President, finding that there is no absolute Constitutional executive privilege to allow a President to refuse to comply with a court order to produce information needed in a criminal trial
  15. Veto Power
    formal constitutional authority of the president to reject bills passed by both houses of Congress, thus preventing there becoming law without further Congressional action
  16. War Powers Act
    passed by Congress in 1973; the president is limited in the deployment of troops overseas to a 60 day period in peacetime (which can be extended for an extra 30 days to permit withdrawal) unless Congress explicitly gives its’ approval for a longer period
Card Set
Chapter 8