Lab: urogenital system

  1. What are the parts the urinary system is composed of?
    • 2 kidneys
    • 2 ureters
    • 1 urinary bladder
    • 1 urethra
  2. This paired part of the urinary system's priary function is to filter the blood (specifically plasma) from nitrogenous waste and ammonia.
  3. Other than filter blood, whatt other functions are there for the kidneys?
    Maintain the electrolyte, acid-base, and fluid balances in the body
  4. What is the process called that moves urine through the ureters into the urinary bladder?
  5. From the urinary bladder, the urine travels through a short pipe called the ___a___ and is ultimately voided through the ____b____.
    • a) urethra
    • b) external urethral orifice
    • Image Upload 1
  6. What is the scientific term for urinating?
  7. The kidneys and ureters are ___a___(retroperitoneal/subperitoneal?) while the bladder and uterus are ___b____ (retroperitoneal/subperitoneal?).
    • a) retroperitoneal
    • b) subperitoneal
  8. T or F: the left kidney is positioned slighty lower than the right one since it's crowded by the large liver.
    False: the right kidney is positioned slightly lower thanthe left.
  9. What are the 3 layers of support in the kidneys?
    • From deep to superficial: 
    • 1. fibrous capsule
    • 2. perirenal fat capsule
    • 3. renal fascia
    • Image Upload 2
  10. What function does the renal fascia have in the kidneys?
    anchors the kidney in a retroperitoneal position
  11. Image Upload 3
    • a) calyses
    • b) renal artery
    • c) renal vein
    • d) ureter
    • e) cortex
    • f) medullla
    • g) renal pelvis
  12. Image Upload 4
    • a) renal pyramid (renal medulla)
    • b) renal cortex
    • c) renal papilla
    • d) renal sinus
    • e) minor calyx
    • f) uterer
    • g) renal pelvis
    • h) renal vein
    • i) hilum of kidney
    • j) renal artery
    • k) major calyx
  13. The production of urine starts here.
    renal cortex
  14. How does urine start and end in the kidneys?
    Image Upload 5
    • 1. Starts in the RENAL CORTEX
    • 2. drains to the RENAL PYRAMIDS
    • 3. It is then delivered into the MINOR CALYCES...
    • 4. which collect into larger MAJOR CALYCES
    • 5. it then empties into the RENAL PELVIS
    • 6. and is dumped into the URETER
  15. Image Upload 6
    • a) internal urethral sphincter
    • b) external urethral sphincter
  16. B not important
    Image Upload 7
    • a) vas deferens
    • b) 
    • c) tunica vaginalis
    • d) testis
    • e) epididymis
    • f) spermatic cord
  17. Image Upload 8
    • a) tunica albuginea
    • b) epididymis
  18. What are the main functions of the testes?
    • 1) produce sperm
    • 2) produce testosterone
  19. What covers each testes?
    • The tunica vaginalis and tunica albuginea
    • Image Upload 9
  20. The temperature in the testes must be at what temp to produce sperm?
    35 degrees celcius
  21. What are the three mechanisms in the scrotum to help regulate temperate for sperm production?
    • 1. cremaster muscle
    • 2. dartos muscle
    • 3. pampiniform plexus
  22. This part of the testes is derived from the inernal abdominal oblique and found in the spermatic cord
    cremaster muscle
  23. What 2 muscles, when the testes are cold, contracts and raises it closer to the body?
    • cremaster muscle
    • dartos muscle
  24. This muscle makes the skin of the scrotum wrinkle and holds the testes snugly against the warm boy.
    Dartos muscle
  25. This is a venous network that surrounds the testicular artery and forms a countercurrent heat exchanger
    pampiniform plexus
  26. This process is whe the arterial blood in the testest is cooled by the venous blood from the scrotum, and vice versa.
    countercurrent heat exchanger
  27. This ontains the ductus deferens, blood and lymhatic vessels and testicular nerves
    • spermatic cord
    • Image Upload 10
  28. The spermatic cord enters the pelvis through this.
    • inguinal canal
    • Image Upload 11
  29. The ___a___ wraps aroun the roof and posterior wall of the male urinary bladder and enlarges posteriorly as the ___b___ ("flask")
    • a) ductus deferens
    • b) ampulla
    • Image Upload 12
  30. The ductus deferens joins the duct of the semina gland and becomes the short ___a___, which travels through the rostate and empties into the ___b___.
    • a) ejaculatory duct
    • b) urethra
    • Image Upload 13
  31. what are the 3 assessory glands of the male reproductive system?
    • 1. paired seminal vesicles
    • 2. prostate
    • 3. bulbourethral (cowper's) glands
  32. these parts of the male reproductive semen adds aqueous secertions (seminal fluids) to the sperm, which produces the ejaculat.
    accessory glands
  33. Image Upload 14
    • a) seminal land
    • b) prostate
  34. Image Upload 15
    a) bulbourethral gland
  35. The urethra is an organ consisting of a shaft, called the __a__, and a head, called the __b__.
    • a) body
    • b) glans
  36. Image Upload 16
    a) corona
  37. The glans is normally protected by a retractable skin covering called this. (2 names)
    prepuce or the foreskin, which is absent in circumcised males.
  38. Image Upload 17
    a) frenulum
  39. the male urethra travels through this
    corpus spongiosum
  40. On the outside of the corpus spongiosum is this ___
    corpus cavernosum
  41. The corpus cavernosum is surrounded by a fibrous sleeve called this __a__ which also has the same for the sheet on the __b__
    • a) tunica albuginea
    • b) testes
  42. The deep arteries are in this part of the penis to create an erection
    corpus cavernosa
  43. Image Upload 18
    • a) corpora caverosa
    • b) glans
    • c) corona
    • d) corpus spongiosum
    • e) urethra
  44. The famela gonads are the __a__, which lie inside the female pelvic cavity.
    • a) ovaries
    • Image Upload 19
  45. The eggs of the female sex cells are also called this
    secondary oocytes
  46. What hormones are produced in the female gonads?
    estrogen and progesterone
  47. The ovaries are covered by a CT capsule called __a__, which is surrounded by the __b__.
    • a) tunica albuginea
    • b) tunica vaginalis
  48. These finger-like projects are tracts in the uterine tubes to sweep the female egg.
  49. The uterine tube consists of these 3 segments:
    • 1. infundibulum
    • 2. ampulla
    • 3. isthmus
  50. This part of the uterine tube connects to the uterus
  51. Image Upload 20
    • a) uterine (fallopian) tube
    • b) ampulla
    • c) isthmus
    • d) infundibulum
    • e) uterus
  52. The most superior part of the uterus (the curvature) is called this __a__ and the most inferior part is called the __b__ ("neck")
    • a) fundus
    • b) cervix
  53. What is the lumen of the uterus, where the fetus is contained during pregnancy?
    uterine cavity
  54. Image Upload 21
    • a) fundus
    • b) body
    • c) cervix
    • d) uterine cavity
  55. The friction ridges on the walls of the vagina are called the ______
    vaginal rugae
  56. Image Upload 22
    • a) lateral fornix
    • b) anterior fornix
    • c) posterior fornix
  57. Prior to a woman's first sexual intercourse, the vaginal orifice is first covered by this.
    hymen: a thin membrane
  58. The external female genitalia are collectively referred to as the what
  59. Image Upload 23
    • a) mons pubis
    • b) labia minora
    • c) labia majora
    • d) vestibule
    • e) prepuce of clitoris
  60. Image Upload 24
    • a) lobe
    • b) lactiferous ducts
    • c) nipple
    • d) areola
Card Set
Lab: urogenital system
Uroginetal system packet