Psychological Disorders

  1. Different from most other people who share one's culture
  2. Causing distress to the person or to others
  3. Behaviors interfere with normal day-to-day life
  4. Psychological disorders are influenced by the interaction of our
    • Biology (genetics)
    • Psychology (expectations)
    • Socio-cultural environment (poverty, prior experiences)
  5. Classifying disorders and labeling people guidebook is the
    American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)
  6. Anxiety disorders include
    • Generalized anxiety disorder
    • Panic disorder
    • Phobias
    • Obsessive-compulsive disorder
    • Post-traumatic stress disorder
  7. Disorder in which a person is continually tense, fearful; person cannot identify the cause of the tension
    • Generalized anxiety disorder
    • Free-floating
  8. An anxiety disorder marked by unpredictable minutes-long episodes of intense dread
    Panic disorder
  9. Symptoms often misread as a heart attack or similar
    Panic attack
  10. Is an anxiety disorder marked by a persistent, irrational fear or avoidance of a specific object or situation
  11. Fear of being judged by others
    Social phobia
  12. Fear or avoidance of situations in which panic may strike
  13. Characterized by unwanted repetitive thoughts and/or actions
    Obsessive- compulsive disorder
  14. Post- Traumatic stress disorder is an anxiety disorder characterized by
    Haunting memories, nightmares, social withdrawal, jump anxiety, insomnia, lingering for four weeks or more after a traumatic experience
  15. Involve a separation of conscious awareness from previous memories, thoughts and feelings
    Dissociative disorders
  16. Lack of conscience for wrong-doing, even toward friends and family (lack of compassion)
    Antisocial personality disorder
  17. Psychological disorders characterized by a prolonged state of emotional extremes
    • Major depressive disorder (clinical depression)
    • Bipolar disorder
  18. Biologically, life's purpose is to and not
    • Survival and reproduction
    • Happiness
  19. Depression helps us face and solve problems
    Gives us time to think and consider our options in the face of trouble
  20. A person with a major depressive disorder experiences two or more weeks of significantly depressed moods
    • Lethargy
    • Feeling worthless
    • Loss of interest in family, friends and activities
  21. A person with bipolar disorder alternates between depression and
  22. People are over talkative, overactive and elated, sleep less, sexually uninhibited, easily irritated, extreme optimism and self esteem
  23. In milder forms, mania's energy and free-flowing thinking can fuel
    Creative energy
  24. Schizophrenia is a group of severe disorders characterized by
    • Disorganized and delusional thinking
    • Disturbed perceptions
    • Inappropriate emotions and actions
  25. Positive symptoms of schizophrenia
    Inappropriate behaviors that are present
  26. Negative symptoms of schizophrenia
    Feels or actions that one expects to be present are absent (flat affect- little/no emotion) (catatonia- absent of movement)
  27. Disorganized thinking may appear as and often distorted by
    • Word salad
    • Delusions
  28. People with schizophrenia may hear, see, feel, taste, or smell things that are not there
  29. Inappropriate emotions and actions are often split off from reality and others may exhibit and inappropriate motor behaviors may take forms remaining motionless for hours
    • Flat affect
    • Catatonia
  30. Patterns of substance use can lead to significant impairment or distress
  31. A lessening effect requires large doses
  32. Discomfort and distress when discontinued
  33. Types of psychoactive drugs
    • Depressants
    • Stimulants
    • Hallucinogens
  34. Stimulate, inhibit or mimic the activity of and work at the brain's
    • Neurotransmitters
    • Synapses
  35. Criticism of diagnoses casts too wide a net for disorder categories
  36. Labels trigger society's value judgments can cause us to view and labels can be
    • A person differently
    • Self-fulfilling
  37. Benefits of diagnostic labels help mental health professionals
    • Pinpoint underlying causes
    • Share information about effective treatments
Card Set
Psychological Disorders
Introduction to Psychology- Psychological Disorders (exam 4)