1. adenomyosis
    benign invasive growth of the endometrium that may cause heavy, painful menstrual bleeding
  2. cervical polyp
    hyperplastic protrusion of the epithelium of the cervix: may be broad based or pedunculated
  3. cervical stenosis
    acquired condition with obstruction of the cervical canal
  4. curettage
    scraping with a curet to remove the contents of the uterus, as done following inevitable or incomplete abortion: to produce abortion: to obtain specimens for use in diagnosis: ad to remove growths, such as polyps
  5. dysmenorrhea
    pain in association with menstruation
  6. ectocervix
    a portion of the canal of the uterine cervix that is lined with squamous epithelium
  7. ectopic pregnancy
    pregnancy occurring outside the uterine cavity
  8. endometrial carcinoma
    malignancy characterized by abnormal thickening of the endometrial cavity: usually includes irregular bleeding in perimenopausal and in post menopausal women
  9. endometrial hyperplasia
    condition that results from estrogen stimulation to the endometrium without the influence of progestin: frequent cause of bleeding (especially in post menopausal woment)
  10. endometrial polyp
    pedunculated or sessile well-defined mass attached to the endometrial cavity
  11. endometritis
    infection within the endometrium of the uterus
  12. Gartner's duct cyst
    small cyst within the vagina
  13. hematometra
    obstruction of the uterus and/or the vagina characterized by an accumulation of blood
  14. hydrometra
    obstruction of the uterus and/or the vagina characterized by an accumulation of fluid
  15. intramural leiomyoma
    most commonm type of leiomyoma: deforms the myometrium intrauterine contraceptive device (IUDC), a device inserted into the endometrial cavity to prevent pregnancy
  16. leiomyoma
    moset common benign gynecologic tumor in women during their reproductive years
  17. metrorrhea
    irregular, acyclic bleeding
  18. nabothian cyst
    • benign tiny cyst within the cervix: most commom finding
    • results from chronic cervicitis and seen frequently in middle aged women
    • results from an obstructed dilated transcervical gland
    • also called epithelial inclusion cyst
  19. pyometra
    obstruction of the uterus and/or the vagina characterized by an accumulation of pus
  20. sonohysterography
    injection of sterile saline into the endometrial cavity under ultrsound guidance: also known as saline infused sonography (SIS)
  21. squamous cell carcinoma
    most common type of cervical cancer
  22. submucosal leiomyoma
    type of leiomyoma found to deform the endometrial cavity and cause heavy or irregular mensus
  23. subserosal leiomyoma
    type of leiomyoma that may become pedunculated and appear as an extrauterine mass
  24. tamoxifen
    an antiestrogen drug used in treating carcinoma of the breast
  25. pouch of Douglas
    • rectouterin recess or posterior cul-de-sac
    • frequently the site for intraperitoneal fluid collections
    • as little as 5 ml of fluid can be detected by endovaginal sonography
    • fluid collection can be associated with ascited, ruptured cyst, or pus from infection
  26. vaginal cuff
    • upper limit on size is 2.1 cm
    • seen in hysterectomy patients after surgery
  27. cervical canal
    • extends from the internal os, where it joins the uterine cavity, to the external os, which projects into the vaginal vault
    • cylindrical portion of the uterus that enters the vagina and measure 2 to 4 cm in length
Card Set
Female Anatomy chapter 37 vocabulary