Soc: Socialization Chapter 4

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  1. Socialization
    The cultural process of learning to participate in group life
  2. We can't have a control and experimental group. 
    Control Group: People are too different
    Experimental Group: Infants with little to no human contact
    • Why can't we really get a true read on socialization in Infant Socialization?
    • (3)
  3. Without human contact children will die
    What does history show us?
  4. Harry Harlow's Monkeys
    In 1959, monkeys were raised with cloth and wire "mother" preferred cloth mother, even if wire mother has food.
  5. Monkeys need warmth and affection
    Monkeys raised in isolation became hostile
    • Results of The Harlow Monkey Experiment?
    • (2)
  6. Anna
    3 Children who were put into isolation
  7. Anna
    • Raised in a small room essentially alone with only milk to drink
    • Could not walk or talk
    • Sent to a school for disabled children
    • By age 7, her mental age was 19 months
    • Within a year of being saved she could catch a ball and eat with a spoon
  8. Isabelle
    • Born to a deaf mute and raised in isolation¬†
    • Raised in the dark
    • Couldn't walk
    • Couldn't communicate beyond croaking like a frog and hand gestures
    • Reacted with fear and hostility towards strangers (especially men)
  9. Everywhere in every aspect possible
    Where does socialization take place?
  10. Self-Concept
    Your image of yourself as being separate from other people
  11. Functionalism
    stresses the ways in which groups work together to create a stable society.
  12. The Conflict Perspective
    • views socialization as a way of perpetuating the status quo.
    • People learn to accept their social status before they have enough self awareness
  13. Charles Horton Cooley
    Who came up with Self-Concept?
  14. Mr. O'Malley wasn't good in many school subjects, so when he saw that others realized how good he was in sports, he made himself do extra well in the athletic area.
    How does Self-Concept relate to O'Malley
  15. Self-Concept
    Your image of yourself as having an identity separate form other people
  16. 1.We image how we appear to others
    2.We imagine the reaction of others to our appearance
    3. We evaluate ourselves according to how we imagine others have judged us
    What are the 3 Stages of Looking-Glass Self?
  17. Looking-Glass Self
    Self-concept based on our idea of others judgment of us.
  18. Positive Looking-Glass Self
    • This is an example of what?:
    • Old man looking in the mirror and sees a healthy young fireman because that's the way his wife sees him
  19. Looking-Glass Self
    The question "Who did you dress for this morning" is an example of...
  20. George Herbert Mead
    Who came up with significant others?
  21. George Herbert Mead
    Who came up with the Stages of Socialization?
  22. Little Boy = His mother
    Teenage Boy = His girlfriend
    • Who would be these people's Significant Other?:
    • Little Boy
    • Teenage Boy
  23. Significant Others
    The people whose judgments are most important to us than others
  24. Role Taking
    • What is this an example of?:
    • Getting a grade you don't want and then before your parents see it you assume what their reaction will be
  25. Role taking
    allows us to see ourselves through the eyes of someone else
  26. Imitation Stage
    • What is this an example of?:
    • Son mowing the lawn like his dad with his toy
  27. Imitation Stage
    Begins at around one and a half to two years, the child copies the physical and verbal behavior of a significant other
  28. Play Stage
    • What is this an example of?:
    • Assuming your 1st career at the age of 3 or 4
  29. Play Stage
    the stage during which children take on roles of others on at a time.
  30. When do you start gaining attitudes, beliefs and values?
    Game Stage
  31. Game Stage
    • What is this an example of?:
    • T-Ball, one moment the kids playing first base, the next moment the kids dropping his glove and running to second base at the crack of a bat
  32. Game Stage
    children learn to encourage in more sophisticated role taking as they become about to consider the roles of several people simultaneously
  33. Generalized Other
    • This is an example of what?:
    • Stealing
  34. Generalized Other
    An integrated conception of the norms, values, and beliefs of one's community or society
  35. Me: Don't eat any
    I: Eat a piece
    • What is the ME and the I in this situation?:
    • Your friend leaves their Butterfinger on the table right next to you and you're the only one around now.
  36. ME
    The part of the self created through socialization and which accounts for predictability and conformity
  37. I
    The part of the self that accounts for unlearned spontaneous, unpredictable, often creative part of the self that you are born with
  38. Learns to think and speak
    Internalized norms, beliefs, and values
    Form some basic attitudes
    Develop a capacity for intimate and personal relationships
    Acquire a self-image
    • How does the role of a Family socialize young people?
    • (5)
  39. Family
    Primary source of socialization?
  40. Nuclear Family
    Mother & Child
    What are the 2 types of Socialization?
  41. Nuclear Family
    • Type of Socialization where the mother and father split the responsibilities
    • Children's basic attitudes are not a concern
    • Time to teach core values
  42. Mother and Child
    • Type of Socialization based on survival.
    • One doing the job of two
    • Less time to teach
    • Little time for values and education
  43. Hidden Curriculum
    • What is this an example of?:
    • High School- where you meet the people you'll be avoiding all your life
  44. Hidden curriculum
    Informally and unofficially teaches discipline, order, cooperation, and conformity in preparation for life.
  45. Peer Group
    Individuals of roughly the same age and interests, only agent of socialization not controlled by adults
  46. Provide an understanding of ourselves
    Allow young people to arrive at what they believe and value without adult influence
    Sense of belonging to a group of your choice
    Kids going through conflict, competition, and cooperation
    What are the 4 purposes of a Peer Group?
  47. Self Direction
    Personal Expression
    How to think and feel in certain situations
    • What do you learn from a Peer Group?
    • (3)
  48. Portrays a bad message, but doesn't necessarily mean that the child will become violent
    How does the Mass Media of Video Games affect young kids?
  49. Mass Media
    Means of communication designed to reach the general population
  50. Learning about long term relationships
    An audition for marriage
    • What is Dating's real purpose?
    • (2)
  51. Jail
    Mental Hospital
    Marine Corp.
    4 Examples of a Total Institution?
  52. Erving Goffman in 1961
    Who created Total Institutions?
  53. Total Institutions
    Places where residents are separated from the rest of society, not free to manage their own lives.
  54. Renunciation
    What is the objective of Desocialization?
  55. Desocialization
    Process in which people give up old norms, values, attitudes, and behaviors, often meaning the destruction of old self-concept
  56. Resocialization
    • What is this an example of?:
    • Drill Sergeant
  57. Resocialization
    The process in which people adopt new norms, values, attitudes, and behaviors
  58. When people are moving from one stage in their lives to another
    When does Anticipatory Socialization occur?
  59. Anticipatory Socialization
    The process of voluntarily preparing, in advance, for new norms, values, attitudes, and behaviors
  60. Destruction of old Self-Concept
    Loss of personal identity
    Loss of personal possessions and replaced with standard issue items
    • Process of Desocialization
    • (3)
  61. Attempts to give residents new Self-Concept
    Rewards given for taking on new identity
    Getting additional privileges (can be lost too)
    • Process of Resocialization
    • (3)
  62. No place for devotion
    What is the reason for Acceptance?
  63. Reference Group
    Group whose norms and values are used to guide behavior, the group with whom you identify with
  64. Reference Group
    • What is this an example of?:
    • Class of 2015
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Soc: Socialization Chapter 4
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