emotion and motivation

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  1. immune sys +,- emotion
    • + immune sys strengthens
    • - weakens
  2. kleinginna  def on emotion
    occur as a result of an interaction among subjective factors, environmental factors, and neural and hormonal processes.
  3. lazarus-emotion comes after cog. the brain is in constant appraisal mode.
    zajonc- "feeling and thinking preferences need no inferences"
  4. emotion (reward and punishment)
    • reward-when people expericen a + emotion theyre likely to do it again
    • punishment- and vise versa

    emotions act as reinforcer of behavior
  5. core relational themes (lazarus)
    • we experience a common set of emotions
    • emotion response grow out of our interaction with the envir, highly cog, and complex with two or more emotions operating at the same time
  6. facial expressions
    basic emotions ID in wide range of cultures.
  7. Lazarus - role of appraisal in emotions
    experience certain emotions depending on situation and how we appraise it
  8. definition of stress
    adapting to threat (distress) or challenge(eustress)

    • how we respond to stress depends on if we feel:
    • distress- feeling
    • eustress+ feeling
  9. fight or flight
    brain first to react to stress.normal stress immune sys off
    • blood thickens to protect against injury
    • sweat to cool down
    • high blood pressure

    • when a person feels strong emoj the body prepares
    • 5 sense sharper body functions at peak
    • body burns fat faster-speed and energy
    • muscle activity increase
    • many sys shut down-digestive etc to let blood go to help other parts of body
    • heat rate speeds
    • lungs work faster and longer
  10. sympathetic/ adrenal
    • sympathetic
    • allows us to respond to immediate demands of the situation by activating the body (aroused)
    • catecholamines-chemical msg
    • corticosteroids-cortisone and cortisol
    • adrenal glands
    • long term chemical backup to the immediate action of the sympathetic sys
  11. pituitary/ adrenal
    • assoc. with the stress reaction (fight or flight)
    • hypothalamus initiates activity by secreting CRF which stimulates the pituitary
    • discards ACTH causing arousal
    • ACTH stimulates the adrenal cortex that intern discards glucocorticoids (too much shuts down central nervous sys)
    • ACTH stimulates fat acid release for energy
  12. endorphines
    • stress release of endorphines
    • fear=adrenaline=rush=euphoria=endorphins
    • pain alleviated and euphoria is activated during stress
  13. inflammation
    • designed to limit the damage resulting from tissue injury and other irritants
    • in this process, agents are called to site to remove pathogens, and repairs initiated
  14. events and stress
    • exposure to aversive events is much more likely to produce stress and disease if the events are unpredictable then if foreseen
    • 3 factors to know if an event will lead to stress
    • 1. discrimination of stress cues-cue, if you can foresee/ predict than you have less stress. all about knowing.
    • 2. availability of a coping response- coping response reduce stress ex customer service training to handle complaints.
    • 3. repeated experience with the aversive stimulus-repeated exposure to stress will reduce the stress reaction only if decrease in psychological involvement
  15. competitive orientations
    tend to react poorly to stress, engage in denial and to behaviorally and mentally disengage, show poor active coping skills, and not seek out stress support,, and not accept nor interpret events in an adaptive manner.
  16. Lazarus appraisal and stress
    • role of cog factors in stress
    • pple look at an event by determining how much stress response but also types of coping strategies pple use to deal- two stages
    • 1. primary app-evaluate event, is it stressful, harmful, threat or challenge
    • 2. secondary app- evaluate coping resources and options
  17. coping
    • cog and behavioral efforts to master, reduce, or tolerate the internal and external demands by created by the stressful transaction
    • manage rather than to outcome those efforts
    • ex. positive attitude is coping respose
  18. problem focus coping
    emotion focus coping
    • PF-problem solving, designed to resolve the stressful transaction
    • EF- controlling symptoms of stress, avoid thinking about the problem, repress feelings n emoj
  19. locus of control
    belief that our own actions will effect enough to control envir- don't need it just need to believe we are in control.
  20. learned helplessness
    • Seligman- dogs and shocks eventually give up
    • aversive training paws zapped- took longer to get dogs out of learned helplessness than to get them in
  21. external locus of control (bad)
    someone else pushing us around
  22. internal locus of control (good)
    life will be better if we make our own decisions and responsibility
  23. sources of stress (make acronym to remember for short essay)
    • remember stress is subjective
    • physical envir stress
    • organizational
    • job demands
    • interpersonal relationships
    • role ambiguity
    • family obligations
    • relocations
  24. control
    focusing on a stress problem as an emotion or problem depends largely if the person appraises the situation as controllable
  25. appraisal-challenged event
    • two things happen
    • engage in problem solving behavior and then dev a pos emotion that acts as motivational support for prob solving
  26. appraisal- threatened event
    • get neg emoj-indicate something is wrong
    • situation seen as threat when they think they cant control it
  27. situations that cant be controlled
    • accept that you cant control it 
    • prob focus coping for a uncontrolled situation leads to psy prob. than do pple who view sit from an emotion focus coping
  28. moderators of stress
    • reduce the stress response
    • bio- need others to survive, support sys;(3 social supports)-basic needs met through interaction with people 
    •    1.emo support-intimacy and reassurance close ppl
    •   2. tanglible support- help with basic necessities to survive and service (chores)
    •    3.info support-info and advice about how to care for yourself
    • learned- to avoid being overwhelmed with life stressor, break up event/situation
    • cog- talking or writing to reduce stress, don't hold it in can lead to decrease in immune response.
  29. positive illusion (illusion of control)
    • taylor- breast cancer - believe they can personally control the cancer show the disease slows down& immune sys higher
    • ex:lottery ticket wont give up even if they go t $ for it if they picked the # and they weren't randomly generated
  30. complex interaction of emotions
    • teens have no recognition of facial fear (kids and adults do)- that's why teens are dare devils
    • why? midpoint between changing brain from kid to adult
Card Set
emotion and motivation
exam 3 chapters 9,10,11
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