Lesson 3: Understanding Legal and Ethical Aspects of Health Care

  1. Living will
    A legal document that gives specific directions about what steps the health care team should or should not take to prolong the person's life when death seems near
  2. Laws
    Rules established by a governing authority to protect citizens from harm and provide a framework for resolving conflicts
  3. Ethics
    Moral principles or standards that we use to decide the correct action to take
  4. Informed consent
    The written permission health care providers must obtain from a patient, resident or client before going ahead with a treatment or procedure and after explaining the benefits and risks associated with the proposed treatment or prodedure
  5. Negligence
    Failure to do what a "reasonable and careful" person would be expected to do in a given situation
  6. Durable power of attorney for health care
    A legal document that gives the responsibility for making health decisions on a person's behalf to someone else, such as a family member, in case the person becomes unable to make these decisions on her own behalf
  7. Abuse
    The willful infliction of injury or harm on another
  8. Ethics committee
    A group of people representing many different areas of expertise and with an in-depth knowledge of ethical principles that is brought together to help resolve ethical dilemmas
  9. Assault
    An action that causes a person to fear being touched in a harmful or unwelcome way
  10. Fraud
    Lying to gain profit or advantage
  11. Advance directive
    A legal document stating how a person wants health decisions made if he or she is unable to make or communicate these decisions independently in the future
  12. Larceny
    Theft
  13. Battery
    Actually touching another person in a harmful or unwelcome way such as hitting, pinching or slapping
  14. Ethical dilemma
    A situation where there may be more than one good or moral solution, depending on one's point of view
  15. 1. A nurse assistant is careless and fails to check the linens for personal items before stripping the bed and sending the soiled linens to the laundry.   As a result, a resident's dentures are put through the washing machine and damaged.  This is an example of:



    A. Negligence
  16. 2. You suspect that one of your home health clients is being abused by her son.  The woman becomes withdrawn and fearful whenever he is in the room, and you have noticed some strange bruises on her arm.  What should you do?



    B. Report your concerns to your supervisor at the agency.
  17. 3. Which legislation supports a patient's, resident's or client's right to make decisions on his or her own behalf?



    D. Patient Self-Determination Act
  18. 4. Mrs. Underwood has dementia and has signed a document giving her husband the authority to make decisions about her care on her behalf.  What is this document called?



    A. Durable power of attorney for healthcare
  19. 5. Which of the following actions supports a person's legal rights under HIPAA?

    a. A nurse assistant closes the door to a person's room before having a conversation with the person about her care

    b. A hospital stops documenting patient care on paper records and begins using a computer instead.

    c. A nursing home has a policy that says all residents will receive equal treatment, regardless of their ability to pay for services.

    d. A nurse obtains informed consent from a person before the person undergoes a surgical procedure.
    a. A nurse assistant closes the door to a person's room before having a conversation with the person about her care.
Author
Tanie
ID
289204
Card Set
Lesson 3: Understanding Legal and Ethical Aspects of Health Care
Description
Vocabulary Lesson 3: Understanding Legal and Ethical Aspects of Health Care
Updated