PSYH 151- Chapter 13

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  1. The process by which children earn the behaviors, attitudes, and expectations required of them by their society or culture
  2. when a male sperm unites with the female ovum (egg) to form a single-celled egg
  3. In primates, the innate pleasure derived from close physical contact; it is the basis of the infan's first attachment
    Contact Comfort
  4. The distress tat most children develop, at about 6 to 8 months of age, when their primary caregivers temporarily leave them with strangers
    Seperation Anxiety
  5. A system tha combines meaningless elements such as sounds or gestures to form structured utterances that convey meaning
  6. A chld's first word combinations, which omit (as a telegram did) uncessary words
    telegraphic words
  7. The understanding, which develops throughout the first year, that an object continues to exist even when you cannot see it or touch it
    Object permanence
  8. The understanding that the physical properties of objects, such as the number of items in a cluster or the amount of liquid in a glass, can remain the same even when their form or appearance changes
  9. A system of beliefs about the way one's own mind and the minds of others work, and of how individuals are affected by their beliefs and feelings
    Theory of mind
  10. A method of child rearing in which he parent uses punishment and authority to correct the child's misbehavior
    Power assertion
  11. A method of child rearin in which the parent appeals to the child's own abilities, sense of responsibility, and feelings for others in correcting the child's misbehaviors
  12. The fundamental sense of being male or female; it is independent of whether the person conforms to the social and cultural rules of gender
    Gender identity
  13. The process by which children learn the abilities, interests, and behaviors associated with being masculine or feminine in their culture
    Gender typing
  14. A cognitive schema (mental network) of knowledge, beliefs, metaphors, and expectations about what it means to be male or female
    gender schema
  15. A time in middle childhood when the adrenal glands begin producing the adrenal hormone DHEA and other hormones that affect cognitive and social development
  16. The age at which a person becomes capable o sexual reproduction
  17. The onset of menstruation during puberty
  18. The cessation of menstruation and of the production of ova; it is usually a gradual process lasting up to several years
  19. the capacity for deductive reasoning and the ability to use new information to solve problems; it is relatively independent of education and tends to decline in old age
    Fluid intelligence
  20. Cognitive skills and specific knowledge of information acquired over a lifetime; ot is heavily dependent on education and tends to remain stable over a lifetime
    crystalilized intelligence
  21. How do most women react to menopause?
    feeling relieved or neutral
  22. Extreme turmoil and rebellion in adolescence are...?
    the exception rather than the rule
  23. Refers to the period of development between puberty and adulthood
  24. T or F? All intersexed people are transsexual
  25. Conditions in which chromosomal or hormonal anomalies cause a child to be born with ambiguous genitals, or genitals that conflict with the infant's chromosomes
    Intersex conditions
  26. T or F? To develop normally, infants must sleep in their own cribs, apart from their mothers
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PSYH 151- Chapter 13
PSYH 151- Chapter 13
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