Anatomy Unit 2: Integumentary System

  1. functions of the skin
    • protection
    • sensory reception
    • temperature regulation
    • vitamin D synthesis
    • waterproofing
  2. "horny layer" - top layer of dead skin cells
    stratum corneum
  3. "clear layer" - water proofing in thick skin of palms of hands and soles of feed
    stratum lucidum
  4. "spiny layer" - containing keratin protien
    stratum spinosum
  5. "grainy layer" - containing melanocytes and melanin
    stratum granulosum
  6. "bottom layer" - containing cells going through mitosis
    stratum basale or stratum germinitivum
  7. pigment in skin responsible for red/pink color
  8. pigment in skin responsible for orange/yellow color
  9. pigment in skin responsible for brown color
  10. tissue type that composes the arrector pili muscle and walls of the veins and arteries in the dermis of the skin
    smooth muscle
  11. tissue type composing the lining of the sweat and oil glands of the dermis
    cuboidal epithelium
  12. tissue type composing the lining of the hair follicle of the dermis
    stratified squamous epithelium
  13. tissue type composing the liquid of the veins and arteries in the dermis
    blood connective
  14. tissue type composing the bulk of the dermis
    dense connective
  15. tissue type composing the sensory nerve endings of the dermis
  16. two tissue types found in the hypodermis/subcutaneous layer
    loose connective and adipose connective
  17. gland secreting only fluid such as the pancreas, salivary and sweat glands of the skin
  18. gland secreting fluid and cell parts, usually has an odor such as sweat glands of the armpits, anal and genital region; mammary and ceruminous glands
  19. glands secreting whole cells such as sebaceous glands
  20. glands that have one production site leading to one duct such as sweat glands
  21. glands that have multiple production sites converging to one duct such as ceruminous, pancreas, sebaceous, and mammary glands
  22. accessory organ of the integumentary system made of dead cells wrapped in keratin.
  23. accessory organ of the integumentary system made of dead cells filled with keratin
  24. the most dangerous but least common type of skin cancer and contains a pigment
    malignant melanoma
  25. most common type of skin cancer that may look like a pimple that won't heal, caused by long sun exposure
    squamous cell carcinoma
  26. type of skin cancer that affects the stratum basale layer of the epidermis
    basal cell carcinoma
  27. The A of the ABCDE of skin cancer
  28. The B of the ABCDE of skin cancer
    Irregular border
  29. The C of the ABCDE of skin cancer
    more than one color
  30. The D of the ABCDE of skin cancer
    Diameter greater than 6mm (pencil eraser)
  31. The E of the ABCDE of skin cancer
  32. stage of cancer characterized by cells dividing out of control in one localized spot
    Stage I
  33. stage of cancer where the cancerous cells begin killing off the normal cells surrounding them
    Stage II
  34. Stage of cancer characterized by the cancer mestastisizing or moving into the lymph nodes
    Stage III
  35. stage of cancer in which cancer leaves the lymph nodes and causes another type of cancer in another location of the body
    Stage IV
  36. type of UV radiation that can not penetrate the earth's atomosphere
  37. type of UV radiation that affects the epidermis by causing burning
  38. type of UV radiation that affects the collagen and elastin of the dermis causing wrinkles and premature aging
  39. Skin wound where the outer
    layers of skin or mucous membrane are rubbed or scraped off
    Image Upload 1
  40. skin wound that the cut is smooth and straight, done by a surgeon
    Image Upload 2
  41. skin wound that has a torn,
    jagged cut which has gone through the skin tissues and blood vessels
    Image Upload 3
  42. skin wound made
    by a sharp object such as a splinter, knife, nail, or some other pointed
    object. These wounds bleed very little although the object may pass through
    nerves, bones, and organs, causing internal damage
    Image Upload 4
  43. Bruise,
    damage is done to underlying tissues or organs, and the wound is closed with no
    broken skin
    Image Upload 5
  44. structure labeled aImage Upload 6
    stratum corneum
  45. structure labeled b
    Image Upload 7
    sebaceous (oil) gland
  46. structure labeled c
    Image Upload 8
  47. structure labeled d
    Image Upload 9
  48. structure labeled e
    Image Upload 10
  49. structure labeled f
    Image Upload 11
    sudoiferous (sweat) gland
  50. structure labeled g
    Image Upload 12
    hair follicle
  51. structure labeled h
    Image Upload 13
    fat or adipose connective tissue or hypodermis/subcutaneous layer
  52. first step in wound healing serves the function of flushing bacteria from wound
  53. second step in wound healing, serves function of making a protective barrier against further infection
  54. third step in skin wound healing forming a tissue in place of the scab
  55. final step in wound healing
    replacing scar with skin tissue
  56. how the skin increases body temperature
    • arrector pili contract forming goose bumps
    • blood vessels constrict to conserve heat
  57. how the skin decreases temperature
    • forms sweat to evaporate from the skin
    • dilates blood vessels to release heat
Card Set
Anatomy Unit 2: Integumentary System
Use these flashcards to study for the Unit 2 Test : Tissues and Integumentary System