Intro to Respiratory Care: Module 3

  1. Which of the following is not a component of the formed elements of the blood?



    C. Lipids
  2. What is the medical name for platelets?



    D. Thrombocytes
  3. What is the primary role of white blood cells?



    D. Fight infection
  4. What is the normal reference range for WBC's?



    B. 4,500-10,000/mm3
  5. Which of the following white cell types normally represents the largest percent in the WBC differential?



    C. Neutrophils
  6. A left-shifted white cell differential is evidenced by which of the following findings?



    C. An increase in the number of bands (immature neutrophils)
  7. Which of the following is a common finding in patients with bacterial pneumonia?



    D. Neutrophilia
  8. Which of the following is a common finding in a patient with an allergic reaction?



    B. Eosinophilia
  9. Viral infections typically produce which of the following abnormalities?



    D. Lymphocytosis
  10. Your patient has AIDS. The most useful test to identify the prognosis of AIDS is:



    D. CD4 count
  11. Chemotherapy used to treat cancer can cause a suppression of blood counts for which of the following cells?



    D. All of the above
  12. Your patient may have active TB. What laboratory finding is most consistent with this suspicion?



    C. Monocytosis
  13. Which of the following is the most common cause of anemia?



    C. Iron deficiency
  14. Which of the following statements is(are) true regarding Hb?



    D. All of the above
  15. Which of the following is not true regarding polycythemia?



    B. It decreases the workload on the heart.
  16. Which of the following tests is used to assess the patient's blood-clotting ability?



    D. Prothrombin time
  17. Which of the following electrolytes closely affects muscle function?



    C. Potassium
  18. Which of the following electrolytes is mainly responsible for extracellular water balance?



    B. Sodium
  19. Anion gap is useful in assessing the cause of:



    A. Metabolic acidosis
  20. An increase in the sweat electrolyte concentration is seen in:



    C. Cystic Fibrosis
  21. Which of the following tests is(are) a measure of kidney function?



    B. A and C
  22. The recommended test for early detection of myocardial infarction is:



    B. Troponin
  23. Which of the following bacteriologic tests is used to determine the effectiveness of antibiotics on a particular organism?



    C. Sensitivity
  24. A Ziehl-Neelsen stain is used to identify which of the following organisms?
    A. Staphylococcus aureus
    B. Pseudomonas aeruginosa
    C. Streptococcus pneumoniae
    D. Mycobacterium tuberculosis
    D. Mycobacterium tuberculosis
  25. Which of the following items are evaluated during a macroscopic (gross) sputum examination?



    D. All of the above
  26. Which of the following is the most common cause of bacterial pneumonia?



    A. Streptococcus pneumoniae
  27. Which of the following findings is(are) consistent with pleural infection?



    C. Opaque or turbid pleural fluid
  28. Which of the following tests performed during urinalysis could be helpful in diagnosing diabetes mellitus?



    A. Glucose
  29. Protienuria usually is indicative of which of the following?



    D. COPD
  30. Which of the following may cause a patient to have a negative reaction to a skin test?



    C. He/she is anergic.
  31. Which of the following is true regarding a PPD?



    B. It is often positive if the patient has previously had a BCG vaccination.
  32. The patient's medical record is all of the following except:



    B. A contract
  33. Which of the following influences what needs to be documented in a patient's medical record?



    A. CMS
  34. What is the primary goal of the TJC?



    D. Review HCOs to improve the quality of health care
  35. Which of the following statements is most appropriate for the RT to document in the assessment section of the SOAP documentations?



    C. Hypoxemia on room air
  36. Which of the following is not true regarding the legal definition of negligence?



    C. The defendant's breach of duty of care did not cause the plaintiff's injury
  37. Which of the following is not a type of medical record entry that the RT needs to perform in his/her daily routine?



    D. History and physical examination
  38. Your medical-legal duties to the patient are outlined by which of the following?



    B. Your state's respiratory care practice act
  39. All of the following are examples of "objective" data except:



    C. The patient's report of the amount of sputum he/she produces daily
  40. What does the letter "I" stand for in the APIE method of documentation?



    A. Implementation
  41. Which method of documentation is probably best for a clinician pressed for time?



    A. PIP
  42. What gas is required for the optimal production of ATP?



    C. Oxygen
  43. Which of the following is an indicator of the energy requirements of the patient?



    C. VO2 per minute
  44. Which of the following is true about the REE?



    C. It requires a VO2 measurement to calculate
  45. Measuring the patient's energy expenditure using oxygen consumption is referred to as which of the following?



    C. Indirect calorimetry
  46. Which of the following is a pulmonary effect of starvation?



    C. Increased risk for pneumonia
  47. Which of the following in excess quantities contributes to the most CO2 production?



    C. Carbohydrates
  48. What element must be stored in sufficient quantities to meet the metabolic demands of the diaphragm?



    C. Glycogen
  49. Which of the following is true about anaerobic metabolism?


    A. It can cause a metabolic acidosis
  50. What is the RQ value of a patient on a pure carbohydrate diet?



    C. 1.00
  51. In feeding the patient with pulmonary disease, how many grams of protein per kilogram of body weight are initially required?



    C. 1.2-1.5
  52. Which of the following may be more difficult to achieve with a high-carbohydrate diet?



    A. Weaning from mechanical ventilaiton
  53. Nitrogen balance is useful in determining:



    D. The adequacy of protein intake
  54. Which of the following is associated with a low-protein diet?



    A. Immune compromise
  55. Which of the following is not associated with a high-fat diet?



    C. Increased carbon dioxide production
  56. What mineral plays a very important role in oxygen transport?



    A. Iron
  57. What route of nutritional feeding is considered as the first choice in feeding patients?
    A. Enteral
    B. Parenteral
    A. Enteral
  58. Which of the following is not associated with an increased metabolism?



    D. Hypothyroidism
  59. Which of the following might indicate poor nutritional status?



    C. Negative nitrogen balance
  60. What factor may contribute to decreased colloid osmotic pressure and pulmonary edema?



    B. Essential fatty acid deficiency
  61. How does the cachectic patient appear physically?



    A. Very thin and malnourished
Author
mdhurston
ID
288745
Card Set
Intro to Respiratory Care: Module 3
Description
End of chapter questions for Intro to Respiratory Care Module 3 Wilkins' Clinical Assessment in Respiratory Care (Chapters 7, 21, & 18)
Updated