AP Psych: Learning Vocab

  1. Learning
    Acquiring new and relatively enduring information or behaviors
  2. Associative Learning
    (Classical Conditioning)
    • Learning that certain events occur together
    • The events may be two stimuli
  3. Associative Learning
    (Operant Conditioning)
    • Learning that certain events occur together
    • The events may be a response and its consequences
  4. Stimulus
    Any event or situation that evokes a response
  5. Cognitive Learning
    • The acquisition of mental information formed by:
    •  -Observing events
    •  -watching others
    •  -through language
  6. Classical Conditioning
    • Type of learning
    • One learns to link 2 or more stimuli and anticipate events
  7. Behaviorism
    • View that psychology should be
    •  -an objective science 
    •  -that studies behavior without reference to mental processes
  8. Neutral Stimulus (NS)
    • Classical Conditioning
    • Stimulus that gets no response before conditioning
  9. Unconditioned Response (UR)
    • Classical Conditioning
    • An unlearned naturally occurring response to an unconditioned stimulus
  10. Unconditioned Stimulus (US)
    • Classical Conditioning
    • Stimulus that unconditionally-naturally and automatically triggers an unconditioned response
  11. Conditioned Response (CR)
    • Classical Conditioning
    • Learned response to a previously neutral, but now conditioned stimulus
  12. Conditioned Stimulus (CS)
    • Classical Conditioning 
    • Originally irrelevant stimulus that,after association with an unconditioned stimulus, comes to trigger a conditioned response
  13. Acquistion
    (Classical Conditioning)
    The initial stage when one links a neutral stimulus and an unconditioned stimulus so that the neutral stimulus begins trigger the conditioned response
  14. Acquisition 
    (Operant Conditioning)
    The strengthening of a reinforced response
  15. What is another name for Higher-Order Conditioning?
    Second-Order Conditioning
  16. Higher-Order Conditioning
    • Procedure
    • The conditioned stimulus in one conditioning experience is pair with a new neutral stimulus creating a second (often weaker) conditioned stimulus.
  17. Extinction
    (Classical Conditioning)
    • The diminishing of a conditioned response
    • Occurs when an unconditioned stimulus does not follow a conditioned stimulus
  18. Extinction
    (Operant Learning)
    • The diminishing of a conditioned response 
    • Occurs when a response is no longer reinforced
  19. Generalization
    The tendency once a response has been conditioned, for stimuli similar to the conditioned stimulus to get similar responses
  20. Discrimination
    • Classical Conditioning
    • Learned ability to distinguish between a conditioned stimulus and a stimuli that do not signal an unconditioned stimulus
Card Set
AP Psych: Learning Vocab