SSCI 316 midterm

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  1. which is more problematic acknowledging differences in groups or assigning a hierarchy to different groups?
    implied status hierarchy  that is differences in how goods, services and power are distributed
  2. Are race and ethnicity the only types of inequality in the US today?
    no there is unequal distribution in goods, services, and POWER
  3. As defined in this class what do the terms "majority" and "minority" refer to?
    greater or reduced access to power, authority, resources, wealth, income prestige.
  4. What are the 5 characteristics of minority groups?
    • group members experience patterns of inequality or disadvantage.
    • group members can be differentiate from other due to visible traits or characteristics
    • minority groups are self-conscious social unit
    • ascribed characteristics (determined at birth) 
    • member are more likely to marry others within own group.
  5. What is meant by the statement that inequality emerges from (and then contributes to) patterns of inequality in society? Do members of a majority and member of a minority have the same perspective of inequality in a society?
    patterns emerge due to majority dominants actions. not recognized by dominant groups because they don't see it or experience it.
  6. What is the distinction between racial minorities and ethnic minorities? Are these mutually exclusive?
    not biological but due to historical, social, economic, political processes.
  7. How have we defined race in this class? ethnicity?
  8. What does the statement "racial and ethnic group are social construction" mean?
    society determines what the groups are, whether  the boundaries are, what the hierarchies are (therefore the consequences are social)
  9. What does markers' of group members refer to? How are they important?
    visible signs, traits, characteristics, that allow quick and easy identification and differential treatment.
  10. What is stratification?
    unequal  distribution of valued goods, services, power.
  11. What did Marx means of production?' How did Marx feel about the economy? What were the 2 classes that Marx described?
    • (usually unequal) goods and services.means of production change over time.
    • inequality in the economy
    • Proletariat (working class)
    • bourgeoisie (elite)
  12. Did Weber agree totally with Marx? What did Weber add to our understanding of stratification?
    prestige, power, ability to influence others.
  13. What concept did Lenski add to our understanding of stratification?
    education is crucial and  education (including probability of an adequate education) is unequally distributed.
  14. What does Patricia Hill Collins add to our understanding of stratification?
    intersection of race, class, gender and how the interlock.
  15. Are power relationships static? why? what does this mean?
    not static. a man at work has no power but at home he has power.
  16. What does 'matrix of domination' refer to?
    there are many cross system of domination and subordination. cross over and over lap each other. includes disability, sexual preference...
  17. How does stratification impact a person's life chances and life choices?
    it impacts in health, wealth opportunities, and potential success.
  18. Why is it important to understand that race is a social construct and therefore, the consequences are social?
    consequences are social because it directs where to live, type of employment, educational attainment, access to appropriate nutrition, neighborhood safety..etc
  19. Is there any scientific proof that humans should be categorized into distinct races?
    no scientific proof
  20. What do the following terms refer to: prejudice, discrimination, stereotypes, ideological racism, institutionalized discrimination mean?
    matrix of domination.
  21. Which is more likely: 1) competition leads to prejudice or 2) prejudice leads to competition?
    competition leads to prejudice.
  22. how have we define assimilation in this class?
    groups that are different come to share common culture, merge socially.
  23. What does 'melting pot' refer to? What is the current understanding of this concept? is ti still accepted as valid for all groups coming into the US? What assumptions is the concept of 'melting pot' based on that turns out to not be true of all groups?
    inaccurate assumes that all groups have fairly equal contributions to new, unique society.
  24. what is Anglo-conformity?
    when a new group want to fit in the accepted, be able to get better jobs, they expected to give up prior culture (traditions, language, etc) and accept the existing Anglo culture.
  25. How did Park explain assimilation? What did he propose as factors in assimilation? How has this work been criticized?
    • inevitable when society is democratic and judged on own merits in industrialized.
    • contact
    • conflict
    • competition
    • assimilation
    • criticized for no time frame given and no description of process.
  26. How  have we define culture in this class?
  27. What does 'social structure' refer to? How does social structure impact society?
    network of relationships, groups, organizations, system of stratification, communities, families organize the work of society.

    individual are connected to each other and to the larger society.
  28. What is human capital theory? How does it help us understand assimilation?
    • explains why some groups assimilate and gain upward social mobility faster than others.
    • explains different social mobility.
  29. What is pluralism?
    participate in society without giving up old ways and take on new ways.
  30. What is multiculturalism?
    mutual respect for all groups and their heritage.
  31. What is separatism? -revolution?
    • cutting off ties with political or other groups  example of scotland or french canadians.
    • revolution is minority work to become elite to have other as minority.
  32. Why did immigrants from the north and west of Europe have and easier experience assimilating?
    they resembled US dominant group in racial and ethnic characteristics. looked Anglo with light skin.
  33. How did industrialization impact assimilation?
    groups fit in with traditional perspective of assimilation.
  34. What was the industrial revolution?
    large shift in sustenance technology.
  35. What does 'chain of communication and migration' refer to?
  36. What are ethnic enclaves?
  37. Why did many protestant groups not accept Catholicism at first?
  38. What is anti-Semitism? What was the role of pogroms?
  39. How did the lifestyle most Jews have in Europe impact their assimilation in the US? what impact did the 1924 National Origins Act have on Jews and the Holocaust?
  40. What is the 'three generation model?'
  41. What was the relationship between Irish immigrants and politics in the US?
  42. What is 'structural mobility' and what role does it play in assimilation?
  43. How does the concept 'degree of similarity' help explain why some immigrant groups had an easier experience in assimilation?
  44. What is unique about immigrants from Ireland during the mid 1800s?
  45. what does 'sojourners' refer to? What does this concept tell us about rates of assimilation?
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SSCI 316 midterm
race and racism, midter.
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