AP World History

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  1. body of concepts and values which are thought to be held in common by Christianity and Judaism, and typically considered a fundamental basis for Western legal codes and moral values
    Judeo-Christian tradition
  2. Son of God
    Jesus of Nazareth
  3. Holy text of Christianity
    the Bible (Old and New Testament)
  4. Died on Good Friday, resurrected on Easter Sunday
    Crucifixion and Resurrection (Easter)
  5. Main disciples of Jesus; carried on teaching after death
    Peter and Paul
  6. Outlawed/killed people practising christianity
    Constantine and the Edict of Milan
  7. saint and the pre-eminent Doctor of the Church according to Roman Catholicism, and is considered by Evangelical Protestants to be (together with the Apostle Paul) the theological fountainhead of the Reformation teaching on salvation and grace
    Saint Augustine
  8. reflecting its claim to be the preserver of the original Christian traditions as well as those established by the church during the first 1000 years of its existence; maintain a belief that their episcopate can be traced directly back to the Apostles
    Eastern Orthodoxy and Roman Catholicism (Great Schism of 1054)
  9. "the submission to God" is a monotheistic faith, one of the Abrahamic religions, and the world's second largest religion
    Islam (the Qur’ran)
  10. God's name in Islam
  11. Last prophet of God
  12. The city is revered as the holiest site of Islam, and a pilgrimage to it is required of all Muslims who can afford to go
  13. building located inside the mosque known as Masjid al Haram in Mecca (Makkah). The mosque has been built around the Kaaba. The Kaaba is the holiest place in Islam
    the Kaaba
  14. Medina is the second holiest city of Islam, after Mecca. Its importance as a religious site derives from the presence there of the Shrine of the Prophet Mohammad by Masjid al-Nabawi or the Mosque of the Prophet
    Medina (the Hegira)
  15. Sunnis believe this process was conducted in a fair and proper manner and accept Abu Bakr as a righteous and rightful Caliph. The second major sect, the Shia, believe that the Prophet had appointed his son-in-law Ali ibn Abi Talib as his successor years earlier during an announcement at Ghadir Khom
    Sunni versus Shiite
  16. school of esoteric philosophy in Islam, which is based on the pursuit of spiritual truth as a definite goal to attain. In modern language it might also be referred to as Islamic spirituality or Islamic mysticism
  17. (750 C.E.) The Sunni dynasty that overthrew the Umayyads as caliphs
  18. (632-634 C.E.) The first caliph; one of Muhammad's earliest followers and closest friends
    Abu Bakr
  19. The 4th caliph; the cousin and son-in-law of Muhammad who was meant to be the original successor of Muhammad but was too young. Caused warfare between the Sunnis and Shi'a for not punishing the murderer of the 3rd caliph, Uthman
  20. Kingdom located in Ethiopian highlands; defeated kingdom of Kush around 300 B.C.E. and succeeded by Ethiopia. Received strong influence from Arabian peninsula; eventually converted to Christianity
  21. Capital of Abbasid dynasty located in Iraq near ancient Persian capital of Ctesiphon
  22. (October 25, 732) Charles Martel, the Frankish Leader went against an Islamic army led by Emir Abd er Rahman; the Islamic army was defeated and Emir Abd er Rahman was killed. The battle stopped the northward advancement from Spain
    Battle of Tours
  23. A powerful city-state formed around the 14th century; was not relatively influence by the Europeans despite coming into contact with the Portuguese'; important commercial and political entity until the 19th century
  24. (18th century) A dynasty in Spain which launched a series of reforms aimed at strengthening the state and its economy; influenced Charles III
  25. Dutch equivalence of bourgeoisie; the middle class
  26. Eastern Half of Roman Empire following collapse of western half of old empire; retained Mediterranean culture, particularly Greek; capital at Constantinople
    Byzantine Empire
  27. Political and religious successors to Muhammad
  28. (8-10th century) Royal house of franks that succeeded the Merovingian dynasty; most prominent member was Charlemagne
    Carolingian Dynasty
  29. Social status or position conferred by a system based on class in India
  30. Charles the Great; Carolingian monarch who established substantial empire in France and Germany
  31. Charles the "Hammer"; led the the Battle of Tours and saved Europe from the Islamic expansion. (732 C.E.)
    Charles Martel
  32. Originally a Mayan city; conquered by the Toltecs (1000 C.E)
    16. Chichen Itza
  33. (Formulated 14th century) Way of the Warrior for Japanese samurais; defined service and conduct appropriate to their status
    Code of Bushido
  34. Social codes of knighthood that originated in France in the Middle Ages; associated with ideals of knightly virtues, honour and of courtly love; came to known as 'gentlemanly conduct.'
    Code of chivalry
  35. series of military adventures initially launched by western Christians to free Holy Land from Muslims (temporarily succeeded in capturing Jerusalem and establishing Christian kingdoms)
  36. male monarch/emperor of Russia
  37. warlord rulers of 300 small kingdoms following Onin War and disruption of Ashikaga Shogunate
  38. Islamic shrine in Jerusalem; believed to be the site where Muhammed ascended to Heaven
    Dome of the Rock
  39. a family/group that maintains power for several generations
  40. Queen of France as the wife of Louis VII; married Henry II that marriage was annulled and became Queen of England during 1152-1204
    Eleanor of Aquitaine
  41. (reigned 713-755) Leading Chinese emperor of the Tang dynasty; encouraged overexpansion
    Emperor Xuanzong
  42. marriage to Isabella created united Spain; responsible for reconquest of Granada, initiation of exploration of New World
  43. system where lords provided protection/aid to serfs in return for labor
  44. obligatory religious duties of all Muslims: confession of faith, prayer (5 times a day facing Mecca), fasting during Ramadan, zakat (tax for charity), and the hajj (pilgrimage)
    Five Pillars of Islam
  45. a group of Germanic tribes in the early Christian era; spread from the Rhine into the Roman Empire
  46. (1170s – 1227) from 1206 khagan of all Mongol tribes; responsible for conquest of northern kingdoms of China and territories as far west as the Abbasid regions
    Genghis Khan
  47. one of four subdivisions of the Mongol Empire after Genghis Khan’s death; territory covered much of present south-central Russia
    Golden Horde
  48. large church constructed in Constantinople during the reign of Justinian
    Hagia Sophia
  49. organization of cities in N. Germany/Scandinavia for the purpose of establishing a commercial alliance
    Hanseatic League
  50. any opinions/doctrines at variance with the established or orthodox position; beliefs that reject the orthodox tenets of a religion
  51. a continuation of the Roman Empire in central-western Europe (at least, loosely organized/modeled on it)
    Holy Roman Empire
  52. nomadic Mongol tribes
  53. (1337 – 1453) conflict between England and France –fought over lands England possessed in France (issue of feudal rights vs. emerging claims of national states)
    Hundred Years’ War
  54. Group of clans centered at Cuzco that were able to create empire incorporating various Andean cultures. Term also used for leader of empire
  55. An investigation; A tribunal formerly held in the Roman Catholic Church and directed at the suppression of heresy
  56. The interval of time between the end of a sovereign's reign and the accession of a successor
  57. Major world religion originating in 610 CE in the Arabian peninsula; literally meaning submission; based o prophecy of Muhammad
  58. Ivan IV, confirmed power of tsarist autocracy by attacking authority of boyars(aristocrats); continued policy of Russian expansion; established contacts with western European commerce and culture, Ivan IV
    Ivan the Terrible
  59. A French military leader of the fifteenth century, a national heroine who at the age of seventeen took up arms to establish the rightful king on the French throne. She claimed to have heard God speak to her in voices. These claims eventually led to her trial for heresy and her execution by burning at the stake. Joan of Arc is a saint of the Roman Catholic Church
    Joan of Arc
  60. Eastern Roman emperor 527-565 CE; tried to restore unity of old Roman Empire; issued most famous compilation of Roman law
  61. Compilation of Roman law
    Justinian Code
  62. Early Frankish king; converted Franks to Christianity C. 496; allowed establishment of Frankish kingdom
    King Clovis
Card Set
AP World History
Vocab Words 127 - 188
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