poetic terms

  1. sonnet
    small or little song or lyric. 14 fourteen lines. iambic pentameter.
  2. English (Shakespearean) Sonnet
    iambic pentameter, there are 10 syllables in each line. abab-cdcd-efef-gg
  3. Italian (Petrarchan) Sonnet
    first eight lines called octet that rhymes as abba -abba –cdc-dcd. The remaining six lines called sestet might have a range of rhyme schemes.
  4. iamb
    • 2 syllables; weak strong
    • reprieve
  5. Trochee
    • 2 syllables; strong weak
    • peacock
  6. Anapest
    • 3 syllables; weak weak strong
    • Illinois
  7. Dactyl
    • 3 syllables; strong weak weak
    • entropy
  8. Lyric poem
    expresses the thoughts and feelings of the poet. The term lyric is now commonly referred to as the words to a song. Lyric poetry does not tell a story which portrays characters and actions. The lyric poet addresses the reader directly, portraying his or her own feeling, state of mind, and perceptions.
  9. Blank verse/ Free Verse
    regular meter, usually iambic pentameter, but no rhyme

    does not rhyme or have a regular meter.
  10. Alliteration/Assonance/Consonance
    Repetition of initial sounds of words in a row

    Repetition of internal vowel sounds of words close

    Repetition of internal or ending consonant sounds of words "
  11. Metonymy vs Synecdoche
    • a part of something is used to refer to the whole 
    • wheels = car

    refers to something else that it's closely associated withride = car
  12. Irony:
    use of words to mean something different from what a person actually says

    when the audience is aware of something that the characters in the story are not aware of

     when the exact opposite of what is meant to happen, happens
  13. Perfect Rhyme
    bear/bare or wear/where.
  14. Understatement (Litotes)
    understates a situation or action

    "this day has been less than good"
  15. Anaphora
    repetition of a certain word or phrase at the beginning of successive lines

    Now is the time to make real the promises of democracy. Now is the time to rise from the dark and desolate valley of segregation to the sunlit path of racial justice. Now is the time to lift our nation from the qu...
Card Set
poetic terms