a group of persons who seek to control government by winning elections and holding office.
or firm allegiance to a party
two party system
holder of an office
people that are allowed to vote
administrative division in a city that elects representatives
a voting district
right to vote
the right to vote
drawing of voting district lines to favor a group/party
the process by which people gain their political attitudes and opinions
where voters who live in a precinct go to vote
Advantages of the Australian Ballot
provided at the public's expense, lists the names of all the candidates, given out only at the polls, can be marked in secret
system of government in which a written constitution divides the powers of government on a territorial basis between a central, or national, government and several regional governments, usually called states or provinces.
the attitudes held by a significant # of people on matters of gov. policies
Types of Australian Ballot
office group- candidates are grouped together by office
party-column group- candidates are grouped together by party
When are federal elections held?
the first tuesday after the first monday in November on even number years
all male sufferage
18 years old and up can vote
set by states with 5 restrictions
Universal voting qualifications
Other voting qualifications
registration (North Dakota is the only one that doesn't require)
Denied the right to vote
convicted of a serious crime
dishonorably discharged from the armed forces
powers given to the National and state government like taxing
Powers given to the National Government
These are known as exclusive powers: Expressed- State in Article I section 8 clause 1-17 of the constitution
Implied- stated in clause 18 of the same article and section of the constitution
Inherent- powers 'inherited'
supreme law of the land is?
the United States Constitution
Who is the "Umpire of the federal system?"
the supreme court which means no one can challenge the decisions made by the supreme court
Full faith and credit
shall be given in each state to the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of every state
Privileges and immunities clause
means that no State can draw unreasonable distinctions between its own residents and those persons who happen to live in other States.
Powers given to the states
reserved powers: which are not granted to the National government nor denied to the States.
3 guarantees of the national government
must “guarantee to every State in this Union a Republican Form of Government.”
must also provide protection for each State against invasion and internal disorder.
bound to respect the territorial integrity of each of the States.