Gov. Ch. 4-9 test

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  1. Political party
    a group of persons who seek to control government by winning elections and holding office.
  2. partisanship
    or firm allegiance to a party
  3. Bipartisan
    two party system
  4. Incumbent
    holder of an office
  5. Electorate
    people that are allowed to vote
  6. Ward
    administrative division in a city that elects representatives
  7. Precinct
    a voting district
  8. Sufferage
    right to vote
  9. Franchise
    the right to vote
  10. Gerrymanderine
    drawing of voting district lines to favor a group/party
  11. political socialization
    the process by which people gain their political attitudes and opinions
  12. polling place
    where voters who live in a precinct go to vote
  13. Advantages of the Australian Ballot
    provided at the public's expense, lists the names of all the candidates, given out only at the polls, can be marked in secret
  14. Federalism
    system of government in which a written constitution divides the powers of government on a territorial basis between a central, or national, government and several regional governments, usually called states or provinces.
  15. Public opinion
    the attitudes held by a significant # of people on matters of gov. policies
  16. Types of Australian Ballot
    • office group- candidates are grouped together by office
    • party-column group- candidates are grouped together by party
  17. When are federal elections held?
    the first tuesday after the first monday in November on even number years
  18. 15th amendment
    all male sufferage
  19. 19th amendment
    women sufferage
  20. 26th amendment
    18 years old and up can vote
  21. Voting qualifications
    set by states with 5 restrictions
  22. Universal voting qualifications
    • Citizenship
    • residence
    • age
  23. Other voting qualifications
    registration (North Dakota is the only one that doesn't require)
  24. Denied the right to vote
    • mentally incompetent
    • convicted of a serious crime
    • dishonorably discharged from the armed forces
  25. Concurrent powers
    powers given to the National and state government like taxing
  26. Powers given to the National Government
    • These are known as exclusive powers: Expressed- State in Article I section 8 clause 1-17 of the constitution
    • Implied- stated in clause 18 of the same article and section of the constitution
    • Inherent- powers 'inherited'
  27. supreme law of the land is?
    the United States Constitution
  28. Who is the "Umpire of the federal system?"
    the supreme court which means no one can challenge the decisions made by the supreme court
  29. Full faith and credit
    shall be given in each state to the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of every state
  30. Privileges and immunities clause
    means that no State can draw unreasonable distinctions between its own residents and those persons who happen to live in other States.
  31. Powers given to the states
    reserved powers: which are not granted to the National government nor denied to the States.
  32. 3 guarantees of the national government
    • must “guarantee to every State in this Union a Republican Form of Government.”
    • must also provide protection for each State against invasion and internal disorder.
    • also constitutionally
    • bound to respect the territorial integrity of each of the States.
Card Set
Gov. Ch. 4-9 test
Coach cole test
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