arch - dating.txt

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  1. how do we know where to find archaeological sites?
  2. cultural resource management or cultural heritage management is?
    archeaology in private sector sometimes done in governemtn sector.
  3. national historic preservation act section 106
    governs preservation and conservation of archaeological materials.

    federal law that dictates what needs to be done to be compliant what governs cultural heritage. ie: contracting professionals when building a new building

    every state has its on historical preservation board
  4. Cultural research management
    ex: road widening project needs to be mitigated - depends on whats there.

    so Survey, what must be done?
    phase 1a: pedestrian survey; walk through with client - look for features that indicates previous human activity. cultural resource mgt will consult records to verify any activity

    Phase 1: shovel pit testing. grid created set up based on resolution wanted. survey will be done with little holes dug down into subsoil. findings or lack thereof will determine further digging.

    Phase 2: testing - depending on significant items found, holes will be expanded to 1-2 meters. if more items are found, move to full excavation. if not, you're done - data will be given to preservation office for review.

    Phase 3: full excavation - uncover entire grid area to look for further features.

    • standardized process for surveying and for
    • 1.) client pricing
    • 2.) and approach

    Assessment: what is there and what is significant, sent to state agency to determine when to stop.
  5. cultural research management do surveys why?
    • does not contribute to ethnology
    • surveys are done about only what is there and if it requires further work that could benefit future generations knowledge about the past.
  6. academic research
    more targeted and specific and reveals information you would have not seen otherwise.
  7. types of archaeological survey
    • pedestrian survey
    • Aerial survey
    • ground penetrating radar
    • subsurface survey
  8. Aerial photography
    • used to see things you could not see from the ground
    • by plane, resolution is not great
    • drones can be used, but prone to crashing
  9. geophysical survey - ground surveying
    all have same principle but different methods

    • Electrical resistivity tomography - probes put into ground to measure electrical resistance in soil between probes.
    • geo magnetometry - measures magnetic field underground. soils give off different magnetism. susceptible to thunderstorms. looks for buried ditches and walls not artifacts
    • ground penetrating radar- sends radiowaves into ground
  10. pedestrian survey
    • transects - putting people in certain areas and walking the areas
    • scale - area size determines importance of transects and placement.
    • sites - how you define sites determines how you determine your data
  11. topographic survey
    • gives exact location for points in scale
    • gives 3d representation of topography and excavation
  12. language: words change____ do not
  13. relationship between people and their things
    material culture
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arch - dating.txt
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