cognition exam 2a part 4

  1. Describe what a mnemonic device is
    active, strategic learning devices or methods
  2. Describe what “rehearsal” is
    a deliberate recycling or practicing of the contents of the short-term store
  3. Explain why mnemonic devices are so effective
    they provide a structure for learning

    creating visual images requires effort, resulting in the reliable encoding

    they provide effective cues that guide retrieval
  4. Explain how the Method of Loci works
    a set of easily remembered locations in a certain order, mental images of the to-be-remembered item in successive locations

    To recall, look back at successive locations and "see" the to-be-remembered items
  5. Explain how Ebbinghaus’ relearning task works
    set the list aside from some period of time and relearned it later to the same criterion of accuracy
  6. Explain what the savings score in Ebbinghaus’ task means
    the reduction, if any, in the number of trials or in time necessary for relearning compared to original learning
  7. Explain how “organization” helps encoding
    long-term memory is highly organized because they have associations with each other

    New information (in short-term memory) doesn't have those connections, but if you make those connections then it can develop into long-term memory
  8. Explain how "imagery" helps encoding
    the forming of a mental picture of a stimulus that affects later recall of recognition
  9. Explain the meaning of “encoding specificity”
    what is encoded in memory is a record of the information as understood from a specific point of view (can however only act as the single retrieval cue)
  10. Describe the difference betweenmaintenance and elaborative rehearsal
    Elaborative rehearsal: complex rehearsal using the meaning of the information to store and remember it

    Maintenance rehearsal: low-level repetitive information recycling

    Difference?: elaborative rehearsal results in multiple points of view, and therefore multiple effective cues
  11. Encoding
    moving information into your long-term memory
  12. Overlearning (Ebbinghaus)
    continue to learn despite the desired level of performance having been reached
  13. Describe the similarities between elaborative rehearsal, Ebbinghaus' overlearning, and the depth of processing theory
    They are all attempts at ways to improve memory
Card Set
cognition exam 2a part 4
cognition psychology chapter 6 part 2