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  1. What is Abstract thinking?
    Abstract thinking is a level of thinking about things that is removed from the facts of the “here and now”, and from specific examples of the things or concepts being thought about.
  2. What is agnosia?
    The inability to comprehend sensory information due to central nervous system damage.
  3. What is agonist & antagonist?
    The muscle that is capable of providing the power so a bone can move. The antagonist resists the action of the the primary mover(agonist).
  4. What is agraphia?
    Inability to write, cause by impairment of central nervous system processing(not by paralysis).
  5. What is a airplane splint?
    Conforming positioning splint that is applied after skin graft surgery. It stabilizes & maintains the shoulder in approximately 90 degrees of horizontal abduction.
  6. What is akathisia?
    Motor restlessness.
  7. What is akinesia?
    Inability to initiate movement.
  8. What is alexia?
    A condition of being unable to read.
  9. What is Alzheimer disease (AD)?
    Disabling neurological disorder that may be characterized by memory loss; disorientation; paranoia; hallucination; violent changes of mood; loss of ability to read, write, eat, or walk; and finally dementia.
  10. What is amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)?
    A progressive neural disease that attacks the upper motor neurons in the medulla oblongata and the lower motor neurons of the spinal cord.
  11. What is a analysis of occupational performance?
    It is part of the evaluation process. Collecting information via assessment tools designed to observe, measure, & inquire about selected factors that support or hinder occupational performance.
  12. What is anaphylactic shock?
    A condition in which the flow of blood throughout the body becomes suddenly inadequate due to dilation of the blood vessels as a result of allergic reaction.
  13. What is angina?
    Chest pain due to insufficient flow of blood to the heart.
  14. What is ankylosis?
    A condition of the joints in which they become stiffened & nonfunctional.
  15. What is anomia?
    Loss of ability to name objects or to recognize or recall names; can be receptive or expressive
  16. What is anosmia?
    The loss of sense of smell.
  17. What is anoxemia and anoxia?
    • Anoxemia is the absence or deficiency of oxygen in the blood.
    • Anoxia is the absence or deficiency of oxygen in the tissues.
  18. What is aphasia?
    • Absence of cognitive language processing ability which results in deficits in speech, writing, or sign communication.
    • * Can be receptive, expressive, or both.
  19. What is apraxia?
    The Inability to motor plan, execute purposeful movement, manipulate objects, or use objects appropriately.
  20. What is arrhythmia?
    Variation from the normal rhythm, especially of the heartbeat.
  21. What is arthroplasty?
    Is a surgical replacement; formation or reformation of a joint; surgical reconstruction of a joint.
  22. What is akathisia?
    Motor restlessness. seen in mental patients.
  23. What is akinesa?
    The inability to initiate movement.
  24. What is Asperger's syndrome?
    asperger's syndrome is a severe & sustained impairment in social interaction & development of restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interest, & activities.
  25. What is asphyxia?
    A condition o insufficient oxygen.
  26. What is aspirate?
    To inhale vomitus, mucus, or food into the respiratory tract.
  27. What is associated movements/reactions?
    Ex Such as with hemi eating with unaffected hand while the affected hand does the same motion.
  28. What is association learning?
    Form of learning in which particular items or ideas are connected.
  29. What is astereognosis?
    The inability to discriminate shape, texture, weight, & size of objects.
  30. What is asymmetrical?
    Unequal in size and shape.
  31. What is asynergia?
    Lack of coordination among muscle groups; movements are jerky & uncoordinated; common in cerebellar diseases.
  32. What is ataxia?
    Poor balance & award movement; uncoordinated movement, especially with gait.
  33. What is Atherosclerosis?
    Deposits of fatty substance in arteries, veins, and the lymphatic system.
  34. What is atonic?
    Absence of muscle tone.
  35. What is atrophy?
    Due to lack of use or deficient nutrition, the decrease in size of a normally developed organ or tissue.
  36. What is arrhythmia?
    Variation from the normal rhythm, especially of the heartbeat.
  37. What is arteriosclerosis?
    Thickening & hardening of the arteries.
  38. What is arteritis?
    Inflammation of an artery.
  39. What is arthritis?
    Inflammation of the joints which may be chronic or acute.
  40. What is arthrography?
    Injection of dye or air into a joint cavity to image the contours of the joint.
  41. What is arthrogryposis?
    Congenital disease in which a child is born with stiff joints & weak muscles.
  42. What is arthrokinematics?
    Movement of joint surfaces.
  43. What is arthroplasy?
    Surgical replacement; formation or surgical reconstruction of a joint.
  44. What is arthroscopy?
    A procedure in which visual equipment can be inserted into a joint so that its internal parts can be viewed.
  45. What is articulates?
    Produces clear, understandable speech.
  46. What is articulation?
    The joining or juncture between two or more bones.
  47. What is assisted living facility?
    Medium - to large-sized facilities that  offer housing, meals, & personal care, plus extras such as housekeeping, transportation, & recreation. Small sized facilities are known as board & care homes.
  48. What is associated movements?
    Muscle group movements, not necessary for the function initiated.
  49. What is association learning?
    Form of learning in which particular items or ideas are connected.

    * Look up further
  50. What is associative play?
    Play in which each child is participating in a separate activity, but with the cooperation & assistance of the others.
  51. What is astereognosis?
    The inability to discriminate shape, texture, weight & size of objects.
  52. What is asymmetrical?
    "          " symmetrical?
    • Uneven size & shape.
    • Even in size & shape.
  53. what is asynergia?
    • Lack of coordination among muscle groups;movements are jerky & uncoordinated.
    • * common in cp
  54. What is atherosclerosis?
    Deposits of fatty substance in arteries, veins, & the lymphatic system.
  55. What is athetosis?
    Type of cerebral palsy that involves involuntary purposeless movements which fall into one of two classes - non-intention twisting movements & tension involves blocked movements & actions. Slow, involuntary, worm-like, twisting motion.
  56. What is atonic?
    Absence of muscle tone.
  57. What is atopic dermatitis?
    A clinical hypersensitivity of the skin.
  58. What is Atrophy?
    Due to lack of use or deficient nutrition, the decrease in size of a normally developed organ or tissue.
  59. What is atropine?
    Drug that inhibits actions of the autonomic nervous system; relaxes smooth muscle; used to treat biliary & renal colic; & reduces secretions of the bronchial tubes, salivary glands, stomach, & intestines.
  60. what is augmentative  communication?
    A method or device that increases a person's ability to communicate (non-electronic communications board or electronic devices such as portable communication systems that allow the user to speak & print text).
  61. What is autogeneic facilitation?
    Ability to stimulate one's own muscle to contract.
  62. What is Autonomic Dysreflexia?
    Autonomic dysreflexia is a medical emergency & life threatening. In regards to a SCI above the T4 to T6.

    Symptoms are headache, anxiety, perspiration, flushing, chills, nasal congestion, sudden  onset of hypertension, & bradycardia.

    Pt should be sat up in an upright position & remove anything restrictive, such as abdominal binders or elastic stockings, to reduce blood pressure. The blader should be drained or legbag tubing checked for obstruction.
  63. From the just-right challenge. What is intrinsic motivation & extrinsic motivation?
    A concept in human development that encourages a need for exploration & activity.

    extrinsic motivation is a stimulation to achieve or perform that initiates from the environment.
  64. What are the components of the psychosocial pain management techniques?
    Biofeedback, distraction & relaxation techniques are used to manage pain.
  65. What would help give feedback to a proprioception deficit in hand writing?
    Sensory input. Such as forming letters in rice. Stimulation sends a greater sensory input.

    Weight bearing also feeds proprioception helping with body awareness.
  66. What is used with the behavioral approach?
    Praise & rewards.
  67. What is used with the cognitive approach?
    Discussion that heightens awareness. Such as conducting a group discussion on the responsibilities expected in hopes to modify behavior.
  68. What does retrograde amnesia mean?
    The pt not remembering events prior to trauma.
  69. What does anterograde amnesia mean?
    Pt can't remember events after trauma.
  70. What are the duties of a OT member as part of a assistant technology team evaluating an adult with sever motor limitation?
    Usually determines which part of the body has sufficient motor control for operating the technology over the body and then determines the appropriate access devise for input. Such as keyword, software, switch etc to best meet the pt's needs.

    *Make recommendations for ways of operating the technology.
  71. When a ot has a keen sense & uses her past experiences with present pt's with the same symptoms what kind of clinical reasoning is that called?
    Conditional reasoning. This approach is more "holistic" it takes the account the "whole person". As she/he functions & interacts within their environment.
  72. What is the clinical reasoning called when based of the corresponding of a individuals deficit & physical symptoms with a procedure that may benefit the area of need.
    Procedural reasoning?
  73. What are the symptoms of peripheral neuropathy?
    A person with peripheral neuropathy exhibits loss of pinprick, light touch, pressure, and temperature sensation in an absense of protection sensation.
  74. What is sensory reeducation?
    Sensory re-education is a remedial retraining technique which focuses on helping the pt correctly interpret sensory impulses through a program of graded sensory stimuli.
  75. What is the focus of the protective sensory loss or decrease?
    Sensory compensation.
  76. What is involved with sensory compensation loss?
    When sensation is lost the primary focus is protection of the insensate part through education methods, to increase awareness of potential injury dangers. teach safety procedures, and to train in the use of vision to compensate for sensory loss.
  77. What is psycomotor retardation?
    Sever depression that can result in slowing of cognitive & motor functions.
  78. What is the purpose of a activity task group?
    Developed by fidler, focuses on the here and now; involve learning through doing, activity,and processing and involve the development of daily living & working skills.
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