SOCY 151- Chapter 7

  1. the recognized violation of cultural norms
  2. the violation of a societies formally enacted criminal law
  3. attempts for society to regulate people's thoughts and behavior
    social control
  4. the organization that respond to alleged violations of the law
    criminal justice system
  5. the idea the deviance and conformity result not so much from what people do as from how others respond to those actions
    labeling theory
  6. a powerfully negative label that greatly changes a person's self-concept and social identity
  7. the transformation of moral and legal deviance into a medical condition
    medicalization of deviance
  8. crime committed by people of high social position in the course of their occupation
    white-collar crime
  9. the illegal actions of a corporation or people acting on its behalf
    corporate crime
  10. a business supplying illegal goods or services
    organized crime
  11. a criminal at against a person or a person's property by an offender motivated by racial or another bias
    hate crime
  12. crimes that direct violence or the threat of violence against others; also known as violent crimes
    crimes against the person
  13. crimes that involve theft of property belonging to others; also known as property crimes
    crimes against property
  14. violations of law in which there are no obvious victims
    victimless crime
  15. a legal negotiation in which a prosecutor reduces a charge in exchange for a defendant's guilty plea
    plea bargaining
  16. an act of moral vengeance by which society makes the offender suffer as much as the suffering caused by the crime
  17. the attempt to discourage criminality through the use of punishment
  18. a program for reforming the offender to prevent later offenses
  19. rendering an offender incapable through imprisonment or permanently by execution
    societal protection
  20. later offenses by people previously convicted of crimes
    criminal recidivism
  21. correctional programs operating within a society at large rather than behind prison walls
    community-based corrections
  22. Explain explanations of deviance and realize socials ones are what this class is about.
    • - deviance varies according to cultural norms
    • - people become deviant as others define them that way
    • - both norms and the way people define rule-breaking involve social power
  23. recognize that deviance is a normal necessary and even a functional element of society.
    • - deviance affirms cultural values/norms
    • - responding to deviance clarifies moral boundaries
    • - responding to deviance promotes social unity
    • - deviance encourages social change
  24. What theory supports that deviance varies according to cultural norms?
    structural functional theory
  25. What theory supports that people become deviant as other define them that way?
    symbolic interaction theory
  26. What theory supports that both norms and the way people define rule-breaking involve social power?
    social-conflict theory
  27. What are Merton's four types of deviance?
    • 1. Innovation
    • 2. Ritualism
    • 3. Retreatism
    • 4. Rebellion
  28. What is an example of a primary deviance?
    Skipping school once
  29. What is an example of a secondary deviance?
    skipping school constantly
  30. What is an example of a stigma?
    dropping out of school completely
  31. When something goes from bad to sick
    medicalization of deviance
  32. What 4 types of social controls did Hirschi's assert that conformity arises from?
    • 1. attachment
    • 2. commitment
    • 3. involvement
    • 4. belief
Card Set
SOCY 151- Chapter 7
SOCY 151- Chapter 7