sociology 3

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  1. Some cultures in the modern world are pure (i.e., they have not never blended themselves with other cultures). T    F
  2. Totally, there are nine civilizations/mainstream cultures in modern world. Of those cultures, Japanese culture is the least influential one. T    F
  3. One of the chief factors that will prevent modern societies from creating/sharing a cosmopolitan culture in the world is cultural hegemony. T    F
  4. Internet and mass media can change the content/feature of a given culture in a short period of time. Such a change, on the other hand, usually will cause intense conflicts among social groups/members. T    F
  5. High culture is a culture created and shared by social elites/high-income persons, such as Hollywood superstars. T    F
  6. Many Americans frequently go to gyms or fitting centers to lose weight or to maintain attractive body shape. That means maintaining normal weight is one of the mores in America. T    F
  7. Western culture (including North American and West European cultures) is the dominant culture in the contemporary world. T    F
  8. Both subculture and counter-culture contain anti-society components. T    F
  9. All cultures, to a certain extent, are ethnocentric. T    F
  10. American culture is inherently better than Iraqi culture (or Hindu culture) because Iraq (or India) is not a superpower in the world. T    F
  11. Counterculture typically can be found among extreme right-wing and left-wing groups (like the KKK or urban guerrilla). T    F
  12. Since the main function of culture is to help people to survive in a given geographic area, government usually has nothing to do with the creation of a culture. T    F
  13. Generally speaking, material culture (especially technology) is more resistant to change than non-material culture. T    F
  14. The underlying cause of cultural shock is that people around the world, to an extent, will take their own cultural practices for granted.  T    F
  15. Since the Bible, in the book of Revelation, points out that there will be a doomsday for human societies, sociologists and political scientists therefore can predict when human cultures/civilizations will come to an end. T    F
  16. Some subcultures are inherently better than the others.  T    F 
  17. Basically, both culture and subculture lack social control power. T    F
  18. One of the major reasons for people (especially lower-class people) to create a subculture is to solve status problem. T    F
  19. In
    America, the most popular second language spoken by preteens and teenagers at home is French. T    F
  20. The first sociologists who defined the notion folkways is William Sumner. T    F
  21. After 2007, one of the emerging values held by many American families is frugality. T    F
  22. The concept of cultural lag is proposed by William Ogburn. T    F
  23. ________ is the foundation of human culture. 
    a.  Marriage
    b.  Education
    c.  Punishment
    d.  Patriarchy
    e.  Language
  24. Relatively speaking, which of the following has nothing to do with the formation of a subculture? 
    a.  IQ
    b.  gender
    c.  race
    d.  age
    e.  occupation 
  25. The concept of dominant ideology is proposed by _______. 
    a.  Karl Marx
    b.  W. E. B. Du Bois
    c.  C. W. Mills         
    d.  George Mead
    e.  Ralf Dahrendorf
  26. Sociologically, Cajun culture is a ________ in American society. 
    a. subordinate culture
    b. subculture
    c. counterculture 
    d. a and b
    e. a, b, and c
  27. Which of the following is NOT an element/item of high culture? 
    a.  modern/classic art
    b.  ballet
    c.  opera
    d.  serious fiction
    e.  camping 
  28. There are nine major civilizations in contemporary world except ________. 
    a.  Russian culture
    b.  Buddhist culture
    c.  Caribbean culture
    d.  Latin American culture
    e.  Sinic culture
  29. The formation of the ________ culture usually will take a long time. On the other hand, the emergence of such a culture usually will make social members (especially the rich and the poor) get involved in (continual) conflicts. 
    a.  colonial
    b.  capitalist
    c.  popular
    d.  conquest
    e.  youth
  30. The main idea of Sapir-Whorf hypothesis is that people=s way of thinking is determined by ________. 
    a. the type of school they attend
    b. the frequency they smoke
    c. the annual income they earn
    d. the kind of language they speak
    e. the kind of spouse they choose
  31. Which term in the following has neutral (or politically correct) meaning?
     a.  chairman
    b.  architect
    c.  Arabic terrorist
    d.  fireman
    e.  policeman
  32. Which of the following is NOT a mores in America? 
    a. committing adultery
    b. burning American flag
    c. spitting
    d. infanticide
    e. stalking woman
  33. Which item in the following is NOT an U.S. core value? 
    a.  science 
    b.  action
    c.  practicality
    d.  hedonism
    e.  progress
  34. Which of the following is NOT a cultural universal (i.e., not a cultural practice shared by all societies/countries in the world)? 
    a.  sexual regulations
    b.  cooking
    c.  cannibalism
    d.  music
    e.  funeral
  35. The #1 language spoken in the world is ________. 
    a.  English
    b.  Chinese
    c.  Spanish
    d.  French
    e.  German
  36. The most preferred language in the modern world is ________. 
    a.  French
    b.  Russian
    c.  Chinese
    d.  Portugese
    e.  English
  37. English is the official language of all the following countries but ________. 
    a.  Canada
    b.  UK
    c.  New Zealand
    d.  Italy
    e.  Australia 
  38. Which of the following will limit our view of the world? 
    a. androcentrism
    b. ethnocentrism
    c. pan-Americanism
    d. a and b
    e. a, b, and c
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sociology 3
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