History 2020 Chp.16-19 (1)

  1. 1887, dismantled American Indian tribes, set up individuals as family heads with 160 acres, tried to make rugged individualists out of the Indians, attempt to assimilate the Indian population into that of the American
    Dawes Act
  2. When John D. Rockefeller drove out rival firms through cutthroat competition, arranging secret deal with railroad companies, and fixing prices and production quotas. 
    (buying out competing oil refineries)
    Horizontal integration
  3. John D. Rockefeller established this. It controlled the drilling , refining, storage, and distribution of oil; A companies avoidance of middlemen by producing its own supplies and providing for distribution of its product.
    Vertical integration
  4. 1869; 1st effort to create National union. Open to everyone but lawyers and bankers. Vague program, no clear goals, weak leadership and organization. Failed. Supported by the American Federation of Labor  
    (Founded by Uriah Stephens)
    Knights of Labor
  5. The first group to try to organize unskilled workers as well as skilled, women alongside men, and blacks as well as whites. The group reached a peak membership of nearly 800,000 in 1886 and involved millions of workers in strikes, boycotts, political action, and educational and social activities. 
    - Head leader: Terrance V. Powderly
    Knights of Labor
  6. Founded by Samuel Gompers-said AFL shouldn't seek economic independence, purse the Knight's utopian dream of creating a "cooperative commonwealth," or form independent parties with the aim of achieving power in government. The labor movement should devote itself to negotiating with employers for higher wages and better working conditions for its members.
    American Federation of Labor
  7. President of National Association of Colored Women (1896)- brought together local and regional women's clubs to press for both women's rights and racial uplift. Fought against issues such as lynching
    Mary Church Terrell
  8. demand immediate equality and was a founding member of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). Wanted access to higher education for the "talented tenth" of African American youth.
    W.E.B. Du Bois
  9. Proposed by Henry Teller of Colorado- Renounced any aid to Cuban patriots in their struggle for liberty and freedom."; To underscore the governments humanitarian intentions, Congress adopted this, stating that the United States had no intention of annexing or dominating the island.
    Teller Amendment
  10. Authorized the United States to intervene militarily whenever it saw fit. The United States also acquired a permanent lease on naval stations in Cuba; passed the Cuban Congress by a single vote. (forced by McKinley, drafted by Senator Orville H. Platt of Connecticut)
    Platt Amendment
  11. Separate but equal 
    African American refused a conductors order of the railroad car and was arrested
    Plessy v. Ferguson
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History 2020 Chp.16-19 (1)