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  1. 1. What is anatomical position?
    2. Why is anatomical position used?
    • 1. 
    • a person stands erect with feet flat on the ground, toes pointing forward, and eyes facing forward
    • the palms face anteriorly with the thumbs pointed away from the body
    • 2. Globally used visual reference point
  2. 1. Serosa
    2. Parietal Serosa
    3. Visceral Serosa
    • 1. serous (watery) membrane, serous cavities contain a thin layer of serous fluid, this fluid is produced by both serous membranes
    • fluid allows visceral organs to slide with little friction across the cavity walls
    • 2. the part of a serosa that forms the outer wall of the cavity
    • 3. inner wall, covers the visceral organs
  3. Frontal (coronal) Plane
    extends vertically and divides the body into anterior and posterior parts
  4. Transverse (horizontal) Plane
    • runs horizontally from right to left, dividing the body into superior and inferior parts
    • a transverse section is called a cross section
  5. 1. Sagittal Planes
    2. Median Plane or Midsaggital Plane
    3. Parasagittal
    • 1. extends vertically, dividing the body into right and left parts
    • 2. the specific sagittal plane that lies exactly in the midline 
    • 3. all other sagittal planes, offset from the midline
  6. Oblique Section
    cuts made along any plane that lies diagonally between the horizontal and the vertical
  7. Intermediate
    between a more medial and lateral structure
  8. Visceral organs (Viscera)
    an internal organ of an animal
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