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  1. vertiginous
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: causing or likely to cause a feeling of dizziness, esp. because of height; characterized by or suffering from vertigo or dizziness
    • SENTENCE: After the roller coaster, I felt extremely vertiginous and I had to fight my upset stomach.
    • SYNONYMS: dizzy, unstable, whirling, spinning
    • ANTONYMS: stable, steady, low
  2. cupidity
    • PART OF SPEECH: noun
    • DEFINITION: eager or excessive desire, esp. to possess something; greed, esp. for wealth of money or possessions
    • SENTENCE: The man coveted more treasure and stole more often as his cupidity grew.
    • SYNONYMS: acquisitiveness, avidity, covetousness
    • ANTONYMS: apathy, generosity, indifference
  3. underwrite
    • PART OF SPEECH: verb
    • DEFINITION: To assume financial responsibility for; to give money to support (as a new business), and agree to accept losses in the case of failure; to aid financially, while accepting some liability for loss
    • SENTENCE: The Gates Millennium Scholars fund underwrites a one billion dollar program to provide scholarships for minorities.
    • SYNONYMS: approve, finance, provide
    • ANTONYMS: disapprove, take, hurt
  4. discomfited
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: Uneasy or in a state of embarrassment; made confused or frustrated, esp. by thwarted plans
    • SENTENCE: Kellan's parents would not stop talking about how odd and funny he was as a baby in front of his friends and boyfriend, leaving Kellan discomfited in his own home.
    • SYNONYMS: demoralize, disconcert, perplex
    • ANTONYMS: comfort, soothe, abet
  5. sinecure
    • PART OF SPEECH: noun
    • DEFINITION: An office or position that requires little or no work and that usually provides an income
    • SENTENCE: Roman had worked long and hard to be assigned to a sinecure, but when he finally go his position, he was bored to tears every day.
    • SYNONYMS: job, post, office
    • ANTONYMS: n/a
  6. lugubrious
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: Sad and mournful, often describing music; sad or dismal, especially in an affected, exaggerated, or insincere way
    • SENTENCE: The lugubrious music seemed out of place at the funeral, where everyone was dealing with sincere, private grief.
    • SYNONYMS: mournful, sorrowful, gloomy
    • ANTONYMS: cheery, joyful
  7. cosmopolitan
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: free from local limits and culture, and therefore at home all over the world; sophisticated and open-minded, esp. due to many diverse experiences
    • SENTENCE: Henrik grows more cosmopolitan with every new country he visits, and he is increasingly comfortable communicating even when he does not know a language.
    • SYNONYMS: cultured, sophisticated, urbane, worldly
    • ANTONYMS: unrefined, unsophisticated, rural
  8. insular
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: ignorant of or uninterested in cultures, ideas, or peoples outside of one's place or experiences; alone, isolated, or lacking contact with other people
    • SENTENCE: Polly had a hard time getting back into city life after having spent years in an insular village teaching English and working to build infrastructure.
    • SYNONYMS: circumscribed, confined, parochial, isolated
    • ANTONYMS: broad-minded, unbiased, unprejudiced
  9. provincial
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: of, living in, or coming from a place that is far away from large cities, esp. of a person who is therefore narrow-minded or limited in perspective
    • SENTENCE: Some people who grow up in sheltered areas have a provincial point of view because of their limited scope of experiences in the world.
    • SYNONYMS: local, rural, bucolic, homespun
    • ANTONYMS: metropolital, liberal, urban, broad-minded
  10. parochial
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: limited only to the things that affect a local area; small in outlook or scope
    • SYNONYMS: insular, petty, sectarian, bigoted
    • ANTONYMS: unrestricted, broad-minded, liberal
  11. pristine
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: Remaining in a pure state, unchanged by people; remaining in original condition and uncorrupted
    • SENTENCE: The pristine rainforest was untouched by humans for hundreds of years.
    • SYNONYMS: immaculate, natural, spotless, untouched
    • ANTONYMS: affected, dirty, befouled
  12. rampant
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: flourishing or spreading unchecked, esp. of something unwelcome or unpleasant; spreading quickly in a way that is difficult to control
    • SENTENCE: Rampant crime was a huge problem for the city; it seemed like there was no escape from it.
    • SYNONYMS: unbridled, unchecked, excessive, raging
    • ANTONYMS: gentle, mild, moderate, restrained
  13. pernicious
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: having a harmful effect, esp. in a gradual or subtle way; causing insidious harm, death, or ruin
    • SENTENCE: The disease proved to be pernicious and difficult to diagnose, which meant that many people died before it could be contained.
    • SYNONYMS: deadly, destructive, malicious, poisonous
    • ANTONYMS: advantageous, beneficial, harmless, wholesome
  14. refractory
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: stubborn and difficult to control or manage; obstinately resistant to authority or control
    • SENTENCE: The people of the tiny town were refractory, and unwilling to respect many local laws, which meant that the law books were very slim.
    • SYNONYMS: disobedient, headstrong, mulish, obstinate
    • ANTONYMS: manageable, obedient, demure
  15. convivial
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: friendly, lively, or agreeable, as a person or event; a matter concerning or a person who is fond of feasting, drink, and good company
    • SENTENCE: Jerry is always convivial, willing to eat well and share his joy with anyone and everyone.
    • SYNONYMS: cheerful, festive, jolly, jovial
    • ANTONYMS: sad, somber, apathetic, depressed
  16. brusque
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: talking or behaving in a very direct, brief, or unfriendly way; discourteously abrupt in manner or speech
    • SENTENCE: Ken was generally very friendly and had never been so brusque as when he wanted to stop his coworker talking about their boss in an unkind way.
    • SYNONYMS: blunt, gruff, terse, abrupt
    • ANTONYMS: polite, courteous, kind, tactful
  17. curt
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: said or done in a quick and impolite way; rudely terse or concise in manner or speech
    • SENTENCE: Jenna was tired and annoyed this morning, so she was very curt in her responses to everyone who greeted her.
    • SYNONYMS: pithy, offhand, terse, brief
    • ANTONYMS: long-winded, wordy, tactful, ceremonious
  18. protean
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: tending or able to change frequently or easily; versatile and able to do or be many things
    • SENTENCE: Demi is quite protean in her ability to play any role onstage brilliantly, from a ragged beggar to regal queen, to a hilarious buffoon.
    • SYNONYMS: multifaceted, adaptable, handy, skilled
    • ANTONYMS: limited, simple, clumsy
  19. solicitous
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: Showing great care and concern for someone's health, happiness, etc; attentive or anxious showing interest or concern
    • SENTENCE: Beth had been solicitous of her ill aunt in every way, waiting on her hand and foot right up until the elderly woman passed away of her disease.
    • SYNONYMS: attentive, loving, mindful, zealous
    • ANTONYMS: heedless, inattentive, easy-going, unafraid
  20. disingenuous
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: Not straightforward or candid, esp. in pretending one knows less about something than one does; insincere while giving the false pretense of being honest
    • SENTENCE: No one is more disingenuous than Randy, who will make you believe that he is the victim of every situation, which drives away even his closest friends.
    • SYNONYMS: deceitful, dishonest, false, unfair
    • ANTONYMS: fair, frank, open, honest
  21. contentious
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: likely to provoke a controversy, causing people to argue or disagree; involving arguing or willing to argue; quarrelsome and tending to argument or strife
    • SENTENCE: Religious debates are frequently contentious and heated, and it is important for everyone to remember to respect the other people in such conversations, especially when emotions become involved.
    • SYNONYMS: antagonistic, combative, testy, argumentative
    • ANTONYMS: agreeable, easy-going
  22. preclude
    • PART OF SPEECH: verb
    • DEFINITION: to make something impossible by preventing it from happening; to rule out in advance
    • SENTENCE: Eleanor wanted to preclude a conversation about politics at her dinner, so when someone brought up taxes, she quickly changed the subject to sports.
    • SYNONYMS: avert, deter, forestall, hinder, impede
    • ANTONYMS: advance, aid, assist, encourage
    • compunction
    • PART OF SPEECH: noun
    • DEFINITION: feelings of sincere and deep regret following doing something bad; anxiety arising from awareness of guilt
    • SENTENCE: Garth had no compunction about his harsh words condemning people who use violence, because he believed that making a stand was important.
    • SYNONYMS: conscience, misgiving, contrition, penitence
    • ANTONYMS: disdain, happiness, indifference, mercilessness
  23. remorse
    • PART OF SPEECH: noun
    • DEFINITION: the feeling of being sorry for something bad or wrong in the past; deep and painful regret for wrongdoing
    • SENTENCE: It is terrible that many people are advised not to show remorse when they are on trial for crimes, because being sorry often seems like an admission of guilt.
    • SYNONYMS: anguish, pity, compassion, grief, regret
    • ANTONYMS: happiness, indifference, joy, meanness
    • contrition
    • PART OF SPEECH: noun
    • DEFINITION: the state of feeling sorry for bad behavior; sincere remorse and penitence
    • SENTENCE: Herald's show of contrition for his harsh words led Fawn to forgive his thoughtless comments without harboring ill feelings towards him.
    • SYNONYMS: humiliation, penance, repentance, sorrow
    • ANTONYMS: happiness, hurtfulness, indifference, meanness
  24. demography
    • PART OF SPEECH: noun
    • DEFINITION: the study of the characteristics of human populations; the study of statistics such as births, deaths, income, or the incidence of disease, which illustrate the changing structure of human populations.
    • SENTENCE: Jay has been studying demography of populations in big cities and tiny towns in an attempt to find the perfect situation for people to live happily.
    • SYNONYMS: anthropology, census-taking, population analysis
    • ANTONYMS: n/a
  25. axiom
    • PART OF SPEECH: noun
    • DEFINITION: a statement or proposition that is regarded as being established, accepted, self-evidently true; a statement universally accepted as true, which requires no proof
    • SENTENCE: Marty attempts to speak only in axioms, but this means that he does not express opinions or talk about challenging subjects.
    • SYNONYMS: adage, proverb, saying, maxim
    • ANTONYMS: absurdity, ambiguity, foolishness, paradox
Card Set
sat day 17
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