OAS I: Exam 1

  1. Rehabilitation Frame of Reference
    • Focus on ABILITIES not disabilities
    • Return to FULLEST physical, mental, social, vocational & economic usefullness
    • Focus on PERFORMANCE AREAS, minimize disability barriers to role performance
    • Allow use of COMPENSATION when underlying deficits cannot be remediated
    • Dynamic process
  2. Biomechanical Frame of Reference
    • Mechanical principles: Kinetics & Kinematics (movement of the body)
    • Weakness, endurance, joint limitation, ROM, strength, reduce deformity
    • ORTHOPEDIC DISORDERS: fractures, tendonitis, repetitive motion injuries, arthritis, amputation
  3. Motor Control/Sensorimotor Frame of Reference
    • CNS dysfunction
    • Based on plasticity of CNS & motor recovery
    • For main approaches:
    • Sensorimotor approaches (Rood)
    • Movement therapy (Brunnstrom)
    • Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation (PNF)
    • Neurodevelopmental Treatment-NDT (Bobath)
    • (*we will use this FOR more in OAS II with Kitsum)
  4. Preparatory/Adjunctive Methods & Enabling Activities = Purposeful Activity
    • Preparatory/Adjunctive: ROM, strengthening, sensory stim, PAM, splinting, positioning
    • Enabling: use of activities to train specific component in sensorimotor, perceptual, cognitive functions.  Peg board, stacking cones, skate board, games, driving simulators, puzzle, assistive devices.
  5. Skilled vs. Unskilled Terminology
    Skilled: Assess, Analyze, Interpret, Establish, Facilitate, Inhibit, Guide, Determine, Reinforce, Progress, Upgrade, Instruct, Teach, Recommend, Demonstrate, Adapt, Modify, Fabricate (splint), Design, Environmental modification.

    Unskilled:Observe/watch, maintain, help/assist, monitor, practice, tell/talk, make/create
Card Set
OAS I: Exam 1
OAS I: Exam 1