Chapter 12

  1. What are the 5 core symptoms of schizophrenia?
    Delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, disorganzid/catatonic behavior, negative symptoms.
  2. What are the symptoms of the negative cluster?
    absence or insufficiency of normal behavior, avolition (apathy), alogia(absence of speech), anhedonia (lack of pleasure), affective flattening.
  3. Describe Paranoid schizophrenia
    Halluications and delusions (grandeur or persecution), best prognosis
  4. Describe disorganized schizophrenia.
    disruptions in speech and behavior, flat or inappropriate affect, hallucinations and delusions(tend to be fragmented), develops early, chronic, lacks remission
  5. Describe Catatonic schizophrenia
    unusual motor respones and odd mannerisms, echolalia, echopraxia
  6. Describe undifferentiated schizophrenia
    have major symptoms, but don't fit into a particular category.
  7. Describe residual type of schizophrenia
    display leftover symptoms like social withdrawal, bizarre thoughts, inactivity, and flat affect
  8. Describe Schizophreniform disorder
    schizophrenic symptoms for a few months, return to normal life
  9. Describe schizoaffective disorder.
    symptoms of schizophrenia and a mood disorder
  10. Delusional disorder
    have delusions contrary to reality. lack other pos and neg symptoms, very rare! prognosis is better than schizophrenia
  11. what are the types of delusions
    erotomatic, grandiose, jealousy, persecutory, somatic
  12. brief psychotic disorder
    1 or more schizo symptoms lasting less than a month
  13. What is the dopamine hypothesis?
    • Agonists- increase dopamine-cause schizophrenic behavior
    • antagonist vise versa
  14. What are some possible neurobiological influences of schizophrenia?
    enlarged ventricles and reduced tissue volume, hypofrontality or less actice frontal lobes(major dopamine pathway), viral infections during early prenatal development
  15. What is the onset and prevalence of schizophrenia?
    • about .2% to 1.5%, often develops in early adulthood but can develop at any time.
    • chronic with lower life expectancy
Card Set
Chapter 12